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Key Takeaways From Instagram’s Congressional Hearing: IG for Kids Still Possible, Chronological Feed to Return



Instagram’s Head also proposed the formation of a new industry body that would set safety standards for social-media platforms to help protect younger children online. 

Chronological Feeds Making a Comeback

Instagram Head Adam Mosseri testified before the Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, and Data Security on Wednesday amid concerns over the app’s effects on children’s mental health. 

Perhaps most unexpectedly, Mosseri announced during the meeting that the platform will bring back chronological feeds sometime at the start of next year. 

While Instagram originally featured a chronological scrolling format, it abandoned the layout in 2016 in favor of an algorithmic feed. At the time, the move was highly unpopular with a number of users. 

Later Wednesday, Instagram confirmed the update on Twitter.

Instagram for Kids Still Not Off the Table

In response to a line of questioning from subcommittee chair Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Ct.), Mosseri refused to commit to fully scrapping a kid-friendly version of Instagram.

“The idea of building a version of Instagram for 10-12 years olds was trying to solve a problem, the idea being that we know that 10-12 years olds are online, [that] they wanna use platforms like Instagram,” Mosseri said. “And its difficult for companies like ours to verify age for those that are so young that don’t yet have an ID.” 

“What I can commit to today, is that no child between the ages of 10 of 12, should we ever manage to build Instagram for 10- to 12-year-olds, will have access to that without their explicit parental consent.”  

In part, controversy surrounding “Instagram for Kids” essentially spurred this hearing and several others in the past few months.

In September, The Wall Street Journal published leaked whistleblower documents that exposed internal research at Instagram and its parent company Facebook, now known as Meta. Key documents showed that Meta knew Instagram was harmful to millions of teens, most notably teen girls with body-image issues. 

Following widespread backlash, Instagram indefinitely paused plans to launch its kid-friendly version of the app, but even up to Wednesday, it has not agreed to completely kill the idea.

Mosseri did suggest the formation of a new industry body to set safety standards for social-media platforms, saying it could help protect younger children online. 

He also attempted to walk back research that claims Instagram specifically can be addictive and bad for mental health, saying he doesn’t believe research shows that social media drives a rise in suicides. 

Sen. Blackburn’s JoJo Siwa Connection

During questioning, ranking Republican Sen. Marsha Blackburn caught Mosseri off guard by asking him why he didn’t reprimand singer JoJo Siwa after she told him she joined Instagram at no older than 9-years-old during a June interview. 

“I know you’re not supposed to have Instagram till you’re 13 — I did. I had an account,” Siwa, who had recently turned 18 at the time, told Mosseri.

“I don’t wanna hear that,” Mosseri said. 

“You didn’t hear that,” Siwa jokingly responded. “Nobody else heard that.” 

Referencing that interview, Blackburn said Wednesday, “In your testimony, you said you removed more than 850,000 accounts because they did not meet your minimum age requirement.”

These accounts were disabled because the users did not provide identification showing that they were at least 13 years old, so why did you say you didn’t want to know when JoJo Siwa said she had been on Instagram since she was 8-years-old? Is that your general attitude toward kids who are on your platform?” 

“We invest a lot to try and identify those under the age of 13, and whenever we find them—” Mosseri attempted to respond before being cut off by Blackburn.

“Okay, at that moment, when you responded to her that you did not want to know, why didn’t you use that as a teaching moment?” she asked.

“Senator, I would say it was a missed opportunity,” Mosseri said. 

“Indeed, it was a missed opportunity and it sends the wrong message,” Blackburn said.

While some have pushed back against Blackburn’s tactic and line of argumentation specifically, both Democrats and Republicans alike continued to grill Moe-serry throughout the hearing. 

See what others are saying: (Axios) (New York Post) (The Verge)


Mental Health Startup Cerebral May Have Harmed Hundreds of Patients, Leaked Documents Reveal



The company is being investigated by multiple federal agencies for its questionable practices, which have come under increasing scrutiny in recent weeks.

Over 2,000 Incident Reports Shed Light on Recklessness

A Silicon Valley mental health startup called Cerebral may have harmed hundreds of patients by flagrantly disregarding medical standards, according to a cache of documents reviewed by Insider, as well as over 30 interviews with current or former employees by the outlet.

Founded in 2020, Cerebral provides mental health treatment to customers through talk therapy and medication for conditions such as depression, anxiety, insomnia, and ADHD.

With people quarantined during the pandemic, it became one of the largest virtual therapy firms in the United States, attracting some $462 million from investors.

Cerebral employees filed at least 2,060 incident reports during seven months in 2021, according to Insider. They show that the company enrolled patients with complex conditions like bipolar disorder, then assigned them to clinicians and other staff members with insufficient training, oversight, and support to treat such cases.

It also put dozens of patients on questionable treatment plans and misdiagnosed many others, the reports say, with company medical providers prescribing potentially lethal combinations of drugs or addictive drugs to patients with histories of addiction.

Additionally, many patients were left stranded without care for extended periods due to technology issues or the company’s failure to retain clinicians.

As a result, Cerebral shuffled patients from one provider to the next and even bungled their prescriptions, sometimes leading them to suffer drug withdrawal or take the wrong medication.

Patients Tell Their Stories

One patient reportedly spent two weeks waiting for a referral to a clinician, later saying she spent eight days in a psychiatric ward.

Another patient told CBS News she was prescribed a drug for her anxiety but afterward could not reach her prescriber for instructions on how to switch to the new medication safely.

“Any time I needed help, she was never available,” she said.

After she did not get a response for six days, she began taking the drug anyway, which caused her to break out in a rash.

“I messaged back,” she said, “letting them know it was spreading and getting worse, and they said that they were still trying to get a hold of that prescriber… They make it seem like they want to help, and then they get you, and then they’re gone.”

A Cerebral spokesperson told Insider that the reports did not highlight enough patients to accurately reflect the company.

“Any incident reports you obtained show Cerebral’s dedication to quality,” the spokesperson said. “You can’t take a relatively small group of incident reports and draw conclusions about our care.”

Two former senior employees told the outlet those reports were monitored by just a couple of people who had other responsibilities at the company, adding that leadership frequently pushed off solving the systemic issues flagged.

Cerebral’s practices are currently being investigated by the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission.

See what others are saying: (Business Insider) (CBS News) (Fierce Healthcare)

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Instagram Testing New Tools To Verify Users Are Over 18



The new tools include AI software that analyzes video footage of a person’s face to verify their age.

Instagram Cracks Down on Underage Users

Instagram is testing new features in the United States to verify the age of users who claim to be over 18 years old. 

According to a statement from Instagram’s parent company, Meta, the tools will only apply to users who seek to change their age from under 18 to over 18. The platform previously asked for users to upload their ID for verification in this process, but on Thursday, it announced there will be two new methods for confirming age. 

One of the strategies was referred to as “social vouching.” Using this option, people can request that three mutual Instagram followers over the age of 18 confirm their age on the platform.

The other method allows users to upload a video selfie of themselves to be analyzed by Yoti, third-party age verification software. Yoti then estimates a person’s age based on their facial features, sends that estimate to Meta, and both companies delete the recording. 

According to Meta, Yoti cannot recognize or identify a face based on the recording and only looks at the pixels to determine an age. Meta said that Yoti “is the leading age verification provider for several industries around the world,” as it has been used and promoted by social media companies and governmental organizations. 

Still, some question how effective it will be for this specific use. According to The Verge, while the software does have a high accuracy rate among certain age groups and demographics, data also shows it is less precise for female faces and faces with darker skin tones. 

Issues With Kids on Instagram

Meta argues that it is important for Instagram to be able to discern who is and is not 18, as it impacts what version of the app users have access to.

“We’re testing this so we can make sure teens and adults are in the right experience for their age group,” the company’s statement said. 

“When we know if someone is a teen (13-17), we provide them with age-appropriate experiences like defaulting them into private accounts, preventing unwanted contact from adults they don’t know and limiting the options advertisers have to reach them with ads,” it continued. 

These changes come as Instagram has been facing increased pressure to address the way its app impacts younger users. 

Only children 13 and older are allowed to have Instagram accounts, but the service has faced criticism for not doing enough to enforce this. A 2021 survey of high school students found that nearly half of the respondents had created a social media account of some kind before they were 13.

The company also recently came under fire after The Wall Street Journal published internal Meta documents revealing that the company knew that it harmed teens, including by worsening body image issues for young girls and women.

See what others are saying: (The Verge) (The Wall Street Journal) (Axios)

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Elon Musk Threatens to Fire Employees Unless They Work in Person Full-Time



The world’s richest man in the world previously suggested that the popularity of remote work has “tricked people into thinking that you don’t actually need to work hard.”

“If You Don’t Show up, We Will Assume You Have Resigned”

On Wednesday, Electrek published two leaked emails apparently sent from Elon Musk to Tesla’s executive staff threatening to fire them if they don’t return to work in person.

“Anyone who wishes to do remote work must be in the office for a minimum (and I mean *minimum*) of 40 hours per week or depart Tesla,” he wrote. “This is less than we ask of factory workers.”

“If there are particularly exceptional contributors for whom this is impossible, I will review and approve those exceptions directly,” he continued.

Musk then clarified that the “office” must be a main office, not a “remote branch office unrelated to the job duties.”

“There are of course companies that don’t require this, but when was the last time they shipped a great new product? It’s been a while,” he wrote in the second email.

Later on Wednesday, a Twitter user asked Musk to comment on the idea that coming into work is an antiquated concept.

He replied, “They should pretend to work somewhere else.”

The Billionaire Pushes People to Work Harder

Musk has a history of pressuring his employees and criticizing them for not working hard enough.

“All the Covid stay-at-home stuff has tricked people into thinking that you don’t actually need to work hard. Rude awakening inbound,” he tweeted last month.

Three economists told Insider that remote work during the pandemic did not damage productivity.

“Most of the evidence shows that productivity has increased while people stayed at home,” Natacha Postel-Vinay, an economic and financial historian at the London School of Economics, told the outlet.

Musk is notorious for criticizing lockdown mandates and went so far as to call them “fascist” during a Tesla earnings call in April 2020.

Not long before that, Tesla announced that it would keep its Fremont, California plant open in defiance of shelter-in-place orders across the state.

In an interview with The Financial Times last month, Musk blasted American workers for trying to stay home, comparing them to their Chinese counterparts whom he said work harder.

“They won’t just be burning the midnight oil. They will be burning the 3 a.m. oil,” he said. “They won’t even leave the factory type of thing, whereas in America people are trying to avoid going to work at all.”

That same day, Fortune published an article detailing how Tesla workers in Shanghai work 12-hour shifts, six days out of the week, sometimes sleeping on the factory floor.

See what others are saying: (CNBC) (Electrek) (Business Insider)

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