The agency accused Texas Republicans of intentionally redrawing district maps to weaken the votes of minority populations that have driven the state’s growth over the last decade.
DOJ Files Lawsuit
The Justice Department filed a lawsuit against Texas on Monday arguing that the state’s plans to redraw voting maps discriminate against Black and Latino voters while giving more power to white people.
The DOJ specifically claims that the redistricting maps — which are done after every census — violate the Voting Rights Act (VRA) by essentially weakening the influence of voters of color who have driven population growth in Texas.
According to the lawsuit, 95% of the state’s four million-person population growth over the last decade has been attributed to minorities, and specifically Latinos. That has resulted in Texas being the only state to gain two new congressional seats in the last census.
The DOJ, however, alleges that Texas Republicans have given those two new seats to predominantly white communities and preserved seats held by white GOP members. On top of that, it claims Republican leaders have also intentionally crafted the state’s maps to dilute the increased strength of minorities’ voices in the voting process that should have come from the demographic shifts.
The state has achieved this, the suit says, either by eliminating minority districts altogether or redrawing lines in a way that concentrates power for white voters.
For example, the agency outlines multiple instances where the districts were redrawn so groups of minority voters in urban areas will now be counted in the same districts as rural, predominantly white areas to ensure white voters are the majority.
In one instance, the DOJ maintains that Texas “surgically excised” minority communities from the heart of the Dallas-Fort Worth area by grouping their neighborhoods with heavily white rural counties, including some that were “more than a hundred miles away.”
In another, the agency argues that the state “intentionally eliminated a Latino electoral opportunity” in a West Texas-based congressional district where courts had previously found VRA violations in the last two redistricting cycles.
“This is not the first time Texas has acted to minimize the voting rights of its minority citizens,” the complaint states. “Decade after decade, Texas has enacted redistricting plans that violate the Voting Rights Act.”
Other Litigation & Gerrymandering Concerns
Beyond redistricting, the Justice Department’s new lawsuit marks the second complaint it has filed against Texas over voting rights in the last few weeks.
Last month, the agency sued the state over its new restrictive voting law, arguing that it will disenfranchise “voters with limited English proficiency, voters with disabilities, elderly voters, members of the military” deployed abroad.
But this latest complaint goes beyond Texas, marking the first legal action the DOJ has taken to challenge redistricting maps since states began redrawing them after the latest census.
According to FiveThirtyEight, 18 states have now finalized their new congressional maps this year, and some are already showing signs of gerrymandering.
“Some of the most heavily biased maps this cycle have been enacted by Republicans in North Carolina and Ohio,” the outlet reported, though it noted that both states have already been sued for racial or partisan gerrymandering.
Those challenges, however, are unlikely to play out before the midterm elections in November when control of Congress is in play.
The same goes for the department’s case against Texas, though the agency has asked a federal court to block the state from holding its upcoming March primaries using the challenged maps.
Even if those matters are resolved, as The New York Times reported, restrictive voting laws implemented by Republicans in key battleground states “could be in effect for multiple election cycles before the courts decide whether they are constitutional.”
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (The Texas Tribune) (NPR)
Judges Uphold North Carolina’s Congressional Map in Major GOP Win
The judges agreed that the congressional map was “a result of intentional, pro-Republican partisan redistricting” but said they did not have the power to intervene in legislative matters.
New Maps Upheld
A three-judge panel in North Carolina upheld the state’s new congressional and legislative maps on Tuesday, deciding it did not have the power to respond to arguments that Republicans had illegally gerrymandered it to benefit them.
Voting rights groups and Democrats sued over the new maps, which were drawn by the state’s Republican legislature following the 2020 census.
The maps left Democrats with just three of North Carolina’s 14 congressional seats in a battleground state that is more evenly split between Republicans and Democrats. Previously, Democrats held five of the 13 districts the state had before the last census, during which North Carolina was allocated an additional seat.
The challengers argued that the blatantly partisan maps had been drawn in a way that went against longstanding rules, violated the state’s Constitution, and intentionally disenfranchised Black voters.
In their unanimous ruling, the panel — composed of one Democrat and two Republicans — agreed that both the legislative and congressional maps were “a result of intentional, pro-Republican partisan redistricting.”
The judges added that they had “disdain for having to deal with issues that potentially lead to results incompatible with democratic principles and subject our state to ridicule.”
Despite their beliefs, the panel said they did not have a legal basis for intervening in political matters and constraining the legislature. They additionally ruled that the challengers did not prove their claims that the maps were discriminatory based on race.
Notably, the judges also stated that partisan gerrymandering does not actually violate the state’s Constitution.
The Path Ahead
While the decision marks a setback to the plaintiffs, the groups have already said they will appeal the decision to the North Carolina Supreme Court.
The state’s highest court has a slim Democratic majority and has already signaled they may be open to tossing the map.
There are also past precedents for voting maps to be thrown out in North Carolina. The state has an extensive history of legal battles over gerrymandering, and Republican leaders have been forced to redraw maps twice in recent years.
A forthcoming decision is highly anticipated, as North Carolina’s congressional map could play a major role in the control of the House in the 2022 midterm elections if they are as close as expected.
See what others are saying: (Politico) (The New York Times) (The Wall Street Journal)
Biden Administration Says Private Insurers Will Have to Cover 8 At-Home Tests a Month
The policy will apply to all the nearly 150 million Americans who have private insurance.
New At-Home Testing Policy
The Biden administration announced Monday that private health insurers will now be required to pay for up to eight at-home rapid tests per plan member each month.
Under the new policy, starting Saturday, private insurance holders will be able to purchase any at-home test approved by the FDA at a pharmacy or online. They will either not be asked to pay any upfront costs or be reimbursed for their purchase through their provider.
The move is expected to significantly expand access to rapid tests that other countries have been distributing to their citizens free of charge for months.
According to reports, nearly 150 million Americans — about 45% of the population — have private insurance.
Each dependent enrolled on the primary insurance holder’s account is counted as a member. That means a family of four enrolled on a single plan would be eligible for 32 free at-home rapid tests a month.
All tests may not be fully covered depending on where they are purchased.
In order to help offset costs, the Biden administration is incentivizing insurance providers to establish a network of “preferred” pharmacies and stores where people in the plan can get tests without paying out of pocket.
As a result, health plans that do create those networks will only be required to reimburse up to $12 per test if they are purchased out of that network, meaning people could be on the hook for the rest of the cost.
If an insurer does not set up a preferred network, they will have to cover all at-home tests in full regardless of the place of purchase.
During a briefing Monday, Press Secretary Jen Psaki said tests should be “out the door in the coming weeks.”
“The contracts [for testing companies] are structured in a way to require that significant amounts are delivered on an aggressive timeline, the first of which should be arriving early next week,” she added.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (NPR) (The Washington Post)
Biden Administration Unveils Plan To Replace All Lead Pipes
The effort builds on the $15 billion allocated under the bipartisan infrastructure bill for lead pipe replacement, but industry leaders say $60 billion will be needed for nationwide revitalization.
White House Outlines Actions on Lead Pipes and Paint
The Biden administration rolled out a sweeping plan on Thursday to remove all the nation’s lead pipes over the next decade and take other steps to prevent lead paint contamination.
Lead, which was commonly used in piping for municipal water systems all over the country until it was banned in 1978, is a dangerous neurotoxin that can cause serious nervous system damage, especially in children.
Contamination from lead pipes seeping into water supplies has caused multiple high-profile public health and environmental catastrophes over the last decade, including the notorious crisis in Flint, Michigan.
According to a White House factsheet, an estimated 10 million households are connected to water through lead pipes. Children and teenagers in 400,000 schools and child care facilities also risk exposure to lead-contaminated water.
“Because of inequitable infrastructure development and disinvestment, low-income communities and communities of color are disproportionately exposed to these risks,” the factsheet stated.
To address those disparities and revitalize water systems across the nation, the White House outlined 15 new action items the Biden administration is taking, including:
- Launching “a new regulatory process to protect communities from lead in drinking water” through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
- Clarifying that state, local, and Tribal governments can use the $350 billion aid allocated under the American Rescue Plan to replace lead service lines.
- Establishing federally-operated regional technical assistance hubs “to fast track lead service line removal projects in partnership with labor unions and local water agencies.”
- Awarding federal grants through the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to remove lead paint in low-income communities.
- Directing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to expand childhood lead testing.
- Establishing “a new Cabinet Level Partnership for Lead Remediation in Schools and Child Care Centers.”
The White House also said it will direct the EPA to allocate $3 billion for state, local, and Tribal governments to replace lead pipes through funding that was approved under the bipartisan infrastructure bill signed by President Joe Biden last month.
A Matter of Funding
In total, Congress provided $15 billion to revitalize the nation’s lead-pipe systems under the infrastructure bill.
However, industry experts have estimated that it will cost $60 billion to entirely overhaul all the remaining lead pipes in the U.S.
As a result, the Biden administration has proposed several additional funding mechanisms in the social safety net package, known as the Build Back Better Act, that is currently being negotiated by Congress.
Specifically, the legislation would set aside $9 billion for lead remediation grants to disadvantaged communities, $1 billion for rural water utilities to remove lead pipes, and $5 billion for mitigation efforts such as removing lead-based water fixtures in low-income households.
The Build Back Better Act would additionally provide $65 billion for public housing agencies and $5 billion for other federally-assisted housing organizations to improve housing quality, including by replacing lead pipes and service lines.
The status of that legislation, as well as what provisions will remain in the final version, remain in limbo. While Democratic leadership has pushed to pass the sweeping social bill before the new year, all 50 of the party’s members in the Senate will need to sign on, and moderate Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.V.) has continued to withhold his support.