Hong Kong Police Stop Vigils for Tiananmen Square Massacre
Security forces said vigils couldn’t be held due to public gathering restrictions amid the COVID-19 pandemic, though many feel this was an excuse used to curb the freedom of speech around a topic the Communist Party seeks to downplay.
Annual Vigil Disrupted
Demonstrators heading to Hong Kong’s Victoria Park Friday night to mark the June 4 Tiananmen Square Massacre were met with a wall of police and forced to disperse.
The 1989 massacre happened when Chinese students occupied Tiananmen Square in Beijing demanding democracy in the People’s Republic in China. Officially, the Communist Party says around 300 people died, but estimates and leaked documents show just over 10,000 died. In Hong Kong, a vigil for the event has been a staple of civic life for 32 years. Last year marked the first disruption of any kind, with security forces pointing to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic as a reason to ban large public gatherings, but even then some smaller vigils were held with little disturbance.
This year, police announced that they would have 7,000 officers on standby to deal with the planned vigil, once again citing limits around large-scale gatherings due to the pandemic. For many, decreasing infection rates and increased vaccination rates made the bans against public gatherings unnecessary. Activists were quick to accuse security officials of using the restrictions as an excuse to block free speech and introduce Mainland censorship rules regarding the massacre into Hong Kong.
Despite police presence, protesters attempted to attend the park with candles and flowers. The heavy police forces seemed to have worked to dissuade some protesters from arriving, as only hundreds showed up and none were allowed inside; a notable difference to the thousands that normally attend. Those who did make their way to the park were searched by police, sometimes more than once.
By around 8 p.m., police began to tell demonstrators to disperse and return home. In turn, the crowd played protest songs, and it seemed like the event would play out similarly to the protests of 2019. However, police raised flags warning that the crowd was breaking the law and liable to be arrested — the first step in Hong Kong police tactics before violence. As a result, the crowds largely dispersed.
Consistently Making a Message
According to Hong Kong Police’s Facebook account, at least four men and two women were arrested on Friday for refusing to leave the area. Concerns have been expressed over whether or not protest figure Alexandra Wong, affectionately known as “Grandma Wong”, 65, was among those arrested. She was spotted at the event despite only being released from jail without charges the day prior.
She was originally arrested on Sunday for attempting to march alone to the China Liaison office with a yellow umbrella and a placard that read: “June 4th Tiananmen lament.”
When asked by the South China Morning Post about her presence at Victoria Park, Wong said, “Perhaps it is possible I will be arrested again. Anyway I must come here, I must. Today is a very big day to remember the June 4th, the students before 32 years ago.”
Even with a ban on the vigil in Victoria Park, people throughout the city still walked around with electronic candles and flowers, placing them on street corners and in the windows of buildings. Other entities also took park, including some businesses. Notably, the U.S. and European Union consulates had candles placed in their windows to remember the victims.
See what others said: (The New York Times) (BBC) (Associated Press)
95-Year-Old Woman Dies After Police Tases Her in Nursing Home
The officer involved was suspended with pay and charged with assault.
A 95-year-old Australian woman whom police tasered in a nursing home last week has reportedly died from her injuries.
Clare Nowland, who had dementia and required a walking frame to stand up and move, was living at the Yallambee Lodge in Cooma in southeastern Australia.
At about 4:15 a.m. on May 17, police and paramedics responded to a report of a woman standing outside her room with a steak knife.
They encountered Nowland, then reportedly tried to negotiate with her for several minutes, but she didn’t drop the knife.
The five-foot-two, 95-pound woman walked toward the two officers “at a slow pace,” police said at a news conference, so one of them tasered her.
She fell to the floor and reportedly suffered a fractured skull and a severe brain bleed, causing her to be hospitalized in critical condition.
Nowland passed away in a hospital surrounded by her family, the New South Wales police confirmed in a statement today.
After a week-long investigation, the police force also said that the senior constable involved would appear in court next week to face charges of recklessly causing grievous bodily harm, assault occasioning actual bodily harm, and common assault.
NSW police procedure states that tasers should not be used against elderly or disabled people absent exceptional circumstances.
Following the incident, community members, activists, and disability rights advocates expressed bewilderment and anger at what they called an unnecessary use of force, and some are now questioning why law enforcement took so long to prosecute the officer involved.
See what others are saying: (Reuters) (The New York Times) (CNN)
U.K. Police Face Backlash After Arresting Anti-Monarchy Protesters
London Mayor Sadiq Khan said that some of the arrests “raise questions” and “investigations are ongoing.”
The Public Order Act
A controversial protest crackdown law in the U.K. is facing criticism after dozens of anti-monarchy protesters were arrested during the coronation ceremony in London over the weekend.
The law, dubbed the “Public Order Act” was passed roughly a week ahead of the coronation for King Charles III. It gives police more power to restrict protesters and limits the tactics protesters can use in public spaces. It was condemned by human rights groups upon its passing, and is facing a new round of heat after 52 people were arrested over coronation protests on Saturday.
In a statement, the Metropolitan Police said protesters were arrested for public order offenses, breach of the peace and conspiracy to cause a public nuisance. The group said it gave advance warning that its “tolerance for any disruption, whether through protest or otherwise, will be low and that we would deal robustly with anyone intent on undermining the celebration.”
It is currently unclear how many of those arrested were detained specifically for violating the Public Order Act, however, some of those arrested believe the new law was used against them.
“Make no mistake. There is no longer a right to peaceful protest in the UK,” Graham Smith, the CEO of anti-monarchy group Republic tweeted after getting arrested. “I have been told many times the monarch is there to defend our freedoms. Now our freedoms are under attack in his name.”
An Attempt to “Diminish” Protests
During a BBC Radio interview, Smith also said he believes the dozens of arrests were premeditated.
“There was nothing that we did do that could possibly justify even being detained and arrested and held,” Smith claimed.
“The whole thing was a deliberate attempt to disrupt and diminish our protest.”
Yasmine Ahmed, the U.K. Director of Human Rights Watch, also tweeted that the arrests were “disgraceful.”
“These are scenes you’d expect to see in Russia not the UK,” she wrote.
When asked about the controversy, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak told reporters officers should do “what they think is best” in an apparent show of support for the Metropolitan Police.
For his part, London Mayor Sadiq Khan said he is looking into the matter.
“Some of the arrests made by police as part of the Coronation event raise questions and whilst investigations are ongoing, I’ve sought urgent clarity from Met leaders on the action taken,” Khan tweeted.
See what others are saying: (The Guardian) (CNN) (The Washington Post)
Foreign Nationals Make Mad Dash out of Sudan as Conflict Rages
The conflict’s death toll has surpassed 420, with nearly 4,000 people wounded.
As the 10-day-long power struggle between rival generals tore Sudan apart, foreign governments with citizens in the country scrambled to evacuate them over the weekend.
On Sunday, U.S. special forces landed in the capital Khartoum and carried out nearly 100 American diplomats along with their families and some foreign nationals on helicopters.
An estimated 16,000 Americans, however, remain in the country and U.S. officials said in a statement that a broader evacuation mission would be too dangerous.
Christopher Maier, the assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity warfare, said in a statement that the Pentagon may assist U.S. citizens find safe routes out of Sudan.
“[The Defense Department] is at present considering actions that may include use of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities to be able to observe routes and detect threats,” he said.
Germany and France also reportedly pulled around 700 people out of the country.
More countries followed with similar efforts, including the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Canada, China, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Indonesia.
Yesterday, a convoy carrying some 700 United Nations, NGO, and embassy staff drove to Port Sudan, a popular extraction point now that the airport in Khartoum has closed due to fighting.
Reports of gunmen prowling the capital streets and robbing people trying to escape, as well as looters breaking into abandoned homes and shops, have persuaded most residents to stay indoors.
Heavy gunfire, airstrikes, and artillery shelling have terrorized the city despite several proposed ceasefires.
Over the weekend, the reported death toll topped 420, with nearly 4,000 people injured, though both numbers are likely to be undercounted.