The group of eight parties from all over the political spectrum has just enough seats for the necessary majority, and any last-minute defections would cause the deal to fall apart.
Israel’s New Coalition, Explained
A group of Israeli opposition leaders announced Wednesday night that they had reached an agreement to form a coalition government and oust Benjamin Netanyahu, the country’s longest-serving Prime Minister.
Currently, the group is composed of eight political parties from the hard right, the left, the center, and one Arab party.
A much more logical coalition would be composed of the parties on the right. That cannot be formed without Netanyahu’s Likud party, which is the largest of the conservative parties by far. However, many of the prime minister’s previous allies — led by the hard right leader Naftali Bennett, who formerly served as Netanyahu’s chief of staff — have abandoned him in favor of the new coalition.
The significance of this move is contextualized well by The New York Times, which explained that the effort “would be akin to Mitch McConnell abandoning Donald Trump to work with Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Chuck Schumer — and Ocasio-Cortez and Schumer saying yes.”
If the deal is finalized, it would form a government of political opposites that agree on very little beyond the sentiment that Netanyahu needs to go and that his efforts to stay in power after four failed elections in two years are hurting the country.
Also of note here: if the government assumes office, it would mark the first time an Arab party is part of the ruling coalition.
As for how power would be divided up under the agreement, Bennett would serve as prime minister for two years. After that, center-left opposition leader Yair Lapid would take the position.
In order to keep their tentative coalition together, the two leaders have promised to focus on issues where the diverse groups could reach compromises at the beginning, such as education and infrastructure.
They would, by contrast, avoid divisive areas, such as new policies on Israeli-Palestinian issues, where the views of the eight parties range from religion-centered advocates of Jewish settlements in the West Bank to secular leaders who support an independent Palestinian state.
Keeping the coalition together will be tenuous, and nothing is set in stone.
While the opposition leaders have outlined a deal, it still needs to win a vote of confidence in Israel’s parliament, the Knesset, before the coalition can take over as the new government.
That creates a very precarious situation because if a deal is made, the new group would hold the barest majority of 61 seats in the 120-seat Knesset. As a result, if just one party defects before the vote of confidence, the whole agreement could fall apart — a move that could very well pave the way for a fifth election.
Netanyahu and his remaining allies plan to capitalize on this key factor. The speaker of the Knesset, Yariv Levin, is an ally of Netanyahu and is expected to use parliamentary procedure to delay the vote by at least 12 days.
That extra time will give the embattled leader a chance to lobby and pressure party leaders in the coalition who are still on the fence about forming such an ideologically divided government — a campaign he has already begun.
On Thursday, Netanyahu made it clear that he intends to fight on, taking to Twitter to list concessions that he claimed the right and center parties made to gain the Arab party’s support.
“All right-wing Knesset members must oppose this dangerous left-wing government,” he wrote.
As for if his pressure campaign will work, it all comes down to a cost-benefit analysis of whether this coalition is worth the risk.
Many of the leaders are uncomfortable working with each other and have made serious compromises to even reach an agreement on a coalition goverment. The alternative, however, is likely another election cycle, during which Netanyahu would keep power.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (NPR) (The Washington Post)
Emma Coronel Aispuro, Wife of El Chapo, Pleads Guilty to Drug and Money Laundering Charges
Coronel Aispuro has also been accused of having intimate knowledge of her husband’s drug empire and of helping orchestrate his escape from a high-security prison in 2015.
From Beauty Queen to Criminal Empire
As part of a plea deal, Emma Coronel Aispuro — wife of the Sinaloa Cartel leader Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera, who known as “El Chapo” — pled guilty on Thursday to drug trafficking and money laundering charges related to her husband’s drug empire.
Specifically, the 31-year old pled guilty to conspiracy to distribute heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine for importation into the US; conspiracy to launder monetary instruments; and violating the Kingpin Act by engaging in transactions and dealings in property of her husband.
Coronel Aispuro was arrested at Dulles International Airport in February and has remained in custody without bail since. Her lawyers had complained that she had little to do for 22-hours a day except for reading and was largely kept in isolation for nearly 6-months. Until Thursday, Coronel Aispuro had maintained that she knew little about El Chapo’s criminal enterprises and was a law-abiding citizen. She told reporters after El Chapo’s 2019 trial in Brooklyn, New York, “I don’t know my husband as the person they are trying to show him as, but rather I admire him as the human being that I met, and the one that I married.”
Prosecutors disagreed and pointed to testimony from El Chapo’s trial where a witness detailed how Coronel Aispuro helped orchestrate her husband’s escape from one of Mexico’s most secure prisons in 2015. That witness also claimed Coronel Aispuro has intimate knowledge of the drug trafficking world. Coronel Aispuro allegedly smuggled a GPS device in a food item to El Chapo, allowing crews to build a tunnel under his shower and then ferry him out on a motorcycle.
She first met El Chapo in 2007, when she was 17 and competing in a beauty pageant, which she later won. Shortly thereafter the two married. That is unlikely to be her first experience with cartel life, as she’s believed to have lifelong familial ties to drug cartels. Her father is Inés Coronel Barreras, who had been a high-ranking leader of the Sinaloa Cartel throughout her entire life. He received a 10-year sentence in 2017 for drug trafficking and firearms-related charges.
Biden Doubling Down
Coronel Aispuro had made previous trips to the U.S. with few problems. Her sudden arrest was seen as a signal by the Biden administration to make clear to Mexican officials that it would continue to pursue high-profile cartel arrests with or without Mexican consent. Prior to President Joe Biden, President Donald Trump had returned Salvador Cienfuegos, a powerful military general, to Mexico to face drug charges after his Los Angeles arrest in October 2020. Cienfuegos was cleared of charges by Mexican officials, who claim that he never met with criminals.
Coronel Aispuro is due to be sentenced on September 15, and according to Jeffrey Lichtman, her attorney, “She’s happy to take responsibility … (to) get on with her life,” and hopes to get access to her young twin daughters afterward her sentence.
Despite the arrest of El Chapo and other powerful drug lords, the violence in Mexico continues to rise. To date, 150,000 Mexicans have lost their lives in drug-related crimes, and 73,000 have disappeared.
See what others are saying: (ABC) (Washington Post) (BBC)
Frankfurt Special Police Unit Disbanded Over Pro-Nazi Group Chats
Seventeen members of the Special Task Force are suspected of spreading far-right messages and Nazi symbols, while three others are accused of failing to stop the chats once they knew about them.
Nazi Ties in Frankfurt Police
The German city of Frankfurt disbanded its Special Task Force (SEK) Thursday morning after an investigation by Hesse state officials found that members of the force were sending far-right, pro-Nazi messages in group chats.
The Special Task Force is similar to the U.S.’ SWAT groups, and the revelation that members of the group were engaging in extremist rhetoric had investigators particularly worried. It only took officials one day to disband the unit after the Frankfurt Public Prosecutor’s Office and Hessian State Criminal Police publicly announced on Wednesday that they had launched an ongoing investigation into 20 SEK officers. Seventeen of the officers are suspected of spreading hatred-inciting texts and symbols of former Nazi organizations mostly between 2016 and 2017, although the chats went on into 2019.
The other three suspects were supervising officers who did not actively send messages but were part of the group chats and are accused of obstructing justice for failing to stop the conversations. The participants are all between 29- and 54-years-old and all but one were on active duty.
German law bans hate speech, though it can be difficult to prove. Use of Nazi symbols are explicitly banned under German law as well.
The entire investigation progressed quickly after it first began in April. According to DW, “Pedophile texts found in a police commandos’ smartphone led to the identification of 19 other Hesse state police allegedly involved in far-right chat groups.” While the SEK has been disbanded and the offices are facing an investigation, they haven’t been completely relieved of duty yet. However, that may change and according to Interior Minister of Hesse Peter Beuth, if charges are proven, “we will also remove them from the Hesse Police.”
There are plans to relaunch the SEK, but with a “fundamental reboot,” according to Beuth.
While German law and culture have made huge strides to try and break away from its Nazi past, the last few years have increasingly seen stories of police and military units engaging in far-right, often Nazi-linked, rhetoric. Last November, the country’s Defense Minister was forced to disband the 2nd Company of the Bundeswehr Special Forces Command after it was revealed that soldiers in the unit helped conceal right-wing extremist activities carried out by certain members.
In July 2020, Hessian police were again linked to far-right extremism after a left-wing politician received threatening emails after her personal details were accessed via police computers. Other public figures also had their information accessed, and the threats were signed “NSU 2.0,” a reference to a terror cell called the National Socialist Underground that murdered 10 people between 2000 and 2007.
Despite the increased scrutiny on the rhetoric made by German security forces, the government has been long accused of being slow to investigate the cases. Andreas Speit, a German expert on right-wing extremism, told NPR that such cases are usually brought up because of anonymous tips.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (The Local) (DW)
El Salvador Becomes First Country To Adopt Bitcoin as Official Legal Tender
President Nayib Bukele believes the moves will help increase the number of Salvadorans engaging with financial institutions and help increase the amount of money that ends up in family’s pockets from remittances.
First in the World
In a 62-84 vote early Wednesday morning, the Congress of El Salvador voted to recognize Bitcoin as legal tender, making it the first country in the world to do so.
According to the bill, “The purpose of this law is to regulate bitcoin as unrestricted legal tender with liberating power, unlimited in any transaction, and to any title that public or private natural or legal persons require carrying out.”
This means that prices can now be shown in Bitcoin and taxes can be paid with the cryptocurrency. Additionally, exchanges in bitcoin will not be subject to capital gains tax. The country isn’t attempting any price controls with the currency, with the law stating that the exchange rate with the U.S. dollar — El Salvador’s other official currency — “will be freely established by the market.”
However, there are concerns around Bitcoin’s accessibility. While using digital wallets and currency exchanges aren’t considered complicated once one understands how they work, many rural residents and older individuals don’t have the same level of experience with technology as younger and urban adults. To address this issue, the law also stipulates that the government will “promote the necessary training and mechanisms so that the population can access bitcoin transactions.”
Volatility Possible Liability
The country made the move to include Bitcoin as an official currency in hopes it will increase financial inclusion and banking penetration in the country. Currently, about 70% of the population doesn’t have access to traditional financial services. Beyond hoping citizens would use Bitcoin en-masse, President Nayib Bukele made a deal with the digital wallet company Strike to try and rebuild the country’s financial infrastructure using Bitcoin.
According to Bukele, it will also help with remittances. Salvadorans working abroad sent back nearly $7 billion last year, about 7% of which was lost to financial intermediaries. Bukele believes that sending Bitcoin back will result in lower fees, and therefore more money actually being put into the pockets of Salvadorans.
Still, there are other concerns, especially around Bitcoin’s volatility. In April, the currency reached an all-time high of $64,829, but it has since dropped by nearly half (although looking at a 12-month period, the crypto is still up 230%). In the short term, the crypto is known for jumping up and down over 10% regularly.
It’s unclear how much that volatility will affect the country’s economy, or just how effective the government’s plans to use Bitcoin to draw more citizens into the financial world will be. However, there are concerns about Bitcoin’s limitations. Its biggest liability is its relatively slow transaction rate by being limited to 4.6 transactions per second.