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China Now Allows Families To Have Three Children, Up From Two



The country hopes the change will help with declining birth rates and combat the associated socioeconomic issues that stem from an aging population.

One, Two, Three-Child Policy

China announced on Monday that it revised its child policy to allow married couples to have three children instead of just two.

The move comes as the ruling Communist Party tries to reverse declining birth rates and avert a demographic crisis coming from a steadily aging population. In particular, an aging population can lead to more older people needing government help than there are working people who can pay for it. Many developed countries face this issue, and in Asia, some of the most prominent examples come from Japan and South Korea, which have tried to combat this problem for decades.

It’s unclear just how much this policy, by itself, would actually help the birth rates. China’s aging population began due to a policy it enacted in 1979 to combat the opposite issue: an exploding population. That year marked the start of its decades-long one-child policy. As that policy worked to slow down population growth, China faced the issue of an aging population, so in 2013, it allowed children born from the one-policy to have two children of their own.

Then it changed again in 2016, allowing married couples to have two children. Despite the change, many couples didn’t take up the offer and stayed with one child or none. Since the two-child policy was announced, China’s birth rate has actually steadily declined. Its total fertility rate is now at 1.3, far below the replacement rate of 2.1.

This issue is so important that some experts are asking the party to scrap the birth rate caps altogether. Huang Wenzheng, a demography expert with a Beijing-based Center for China & Globalization told The New York Times, “Opening it up to three children is far from enough.”

“It should be fully liberalized, and giving birth should be strongly encouraged. This should be regarded as a crisis for the survival of the Chinese nation, even beyond the pandemic and other environmental issues.”

Putting Careers on Hold

For many, the cap on the number of children a family can have isn’t the issue but socioeconomic ones are.

In China, especially in the country’s increasingly urban populations, the costs associated with having children are high. One 26-year-old professional told The New York Times, “No matter how many babies they open it up to, I’m not going to have any because children are too troublesome and expensive.” 

It’s not just direct monetary costs. For women, in particular, it’s also the opportunity cost of pausing or potentially losing careers. The Chinese Communist Party, at least on paper, recognizes this is an issue, so it also enacted other changes to try and alleviate the problem. Among those are improvements to maternity leave and the party vowing to “protect the legitimate rights and interests of women in employment.”

However, those changes aren’t for all women and only apply to married ones, leaving single mothers high-and-dry.

Without drastic changes, it’s possible that China could face the increasing economic pressures that many developed countries have, including the United States. The U.S. is facing a birthrate of 1.84 and like many nations with low birthrates, it relies on immigration to help fill the gaps.

See what others are saying: (BBC) (The New York Times) (The Guardian)


95-Year-Old Woman Dies After Police Tases Her in Nursing Home



The officer involved was suspended with pay and charged with assault.

A 95-year-old Australian woman whom police tasered in a nursing home last week has reportedly died from her injuries.

Clare Nowland, who had dementia and required a walking frame to stand up and move, was living at the Yallambee Lodge in Cooma in southeastern Australia.

At about 4:15 a.m. on May 17, police and paramedics responded to a report of a woman standing outside her room with a steak knife.

They encountered Nowland, then reportedly tried to negotiate with her for several minutes, but she didn’t drop the knife.

The five-foot-two, 95-pound woman walked toward the two officers “at a slow pace,” police said at a news conference, so one of them tasered her.

She fell to the floor and reportedly suffered a fractured skull and a severe brain bleed, causing her to be hospitalized in critical condition.

Nowland passed away in a hospital surrounded by her family, the New South Wales police confirmed in a statement today.

After a week-long investigation, the police force also said that the senior constable involved would appear in court next week to face charges of recklessly causing grievous bodily harm, assault occasioning actual bodily harm, and common assault.

NSW police procedure states that tasers should not be used against elderly or disabled people absent exceptional circumstances.

Following the incident, community members, activists, and disability rights advocates expressed bewilderment and anger at what they called an unnecessary use of force, and some are now questioning why law enforcement took so long to prosecute the officer involved.

See what others are saying: (Reuters) (The New York Times) (CNN)

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U.K. Police Face Backlash After Arresting Anti-Monarchy Protesters



London Mayor Sadiq Khan said that some of the arrests “raise questions” and “investigations are ongoing.”

The Public Order Act

A controversial protest crackdown law in the U.K. is facing criticism after dozens of anti-monarchy protesters were arrested during the coronation ceremony in London over the weekend.

The law, dubbed the “Public Order Act” was passed roughly a week ahead of the coronation for King Charles III. It gives police more power to restrict protesters and limits the tactics protesters can use in public spaces. It was condemned by human rights groups upon its passing, and is facing a new round of heat after 52 people were arrested over coronation protests on Saturday.

In a statement, the Metropolitan Police said protesters were arrested for public order offenses, breach of the peace and conspiracy to cause a public nuisance. The group said it gave advance warning that its “tolerance for any disruption, whether through protest or otherwise, will be low and that we would deal robustly with anyone intent on undermining the celebration.”

It is currently unclear how many of those arrested were detained specifically for violating the Public Order Act, however, some of those arrested believe the new law was used against them.

“Make no mistake. There is no longer a right to peaceful protest in the UK,” Graham Smith, the CEO of anti-monarchy group Republic tweeted after getting arrested. “I have been told many times the monarch is there to defend our freedoms. Now our freedoms are under attack in his name.”

An Attempt to “Diminish” Protests

During a BBC Radio interview, Smith also said he believes the dozens of arrests were premeditated. 

“There was nothing that we did do that could possibly justify even being detained and arrested and held,” Smith claimed. 

“The whole thing was a deliberate attempt to disrupt and diminish our protest.”

Yasmine Ahmed, the U.K. Director of Human Rights Watch, also tweeted that the arrests were “disgraceful.”

“These are scenes you’d expect to see in Russia not the UK,” she wrote. 

When asked about the controversy, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak told reporters officers should  do “what they think is best” in an apparent show of support for the Metropolitan Police. 

For his part, London Mayor Sadiq Khan said he is looking into the matter.

“Some of the arrests made by police as part of the Coronation event raise questions and whilst investigations are ongoing, I’ve sought urgent clarity from Met leaders on the action taken,” Khan tweeted.

See what others are saying: (The Guardian) (CNN) (The Washington Post)

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Foreign Nationals Make Mad Dash out of Sudan as Conflict Rages



The conflict’s death toll has surpassed 420, with nearly 4,000 people wounded.

As the 10-day-long power struggle between rival generals tore Sudan apart, foreign governments with citizens in the country scrambled to evacuate them over the weekend.

On Sunday, U.S. special forces landed in the capital Khartoum and carried out nearly 100 American diplomats along with their families and some foreign nationals on helicopters.

An estimated 16,000 Americans, however, remain in the country and U.S. officials said in a statement that a broader evacuation mission would be too dangerous.

Christopher Maier, the assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity warfare, said in a statement that the Pentagon may assist U.S. citizens find safe routes out of Sudan.

“[The Defense Department] is at present considering actions that may include use of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities to be able to observe routes and detect threats,” he said.

Germany and France also reportedly pulled around 700 people out of the country.

More countries followed with similar efforts, including the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Canada, China, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Indonesia.

Yesterday, a convoy carrying some 700 United Nations, NGO, and embassy staff drove to Port Sudan, a popular extraction point now that the airport in Khartoum has closed due to fighting.

Reports of gunmen prowling the capital streets and robbing people trying to escape, as well as looters breaking into abandoned homes and shops, have persuaded most residents to stay indoors.

Heavy gunfire, airstrikes, and artillery shelling have terrorized the city despite several proposed ceasefires.

Over the weekend, the reported death toll topped 420, with nearly 4,000 people injured, though both numbers are likely to be undercounted.

See what others are saying: (The Guardian) (The New York Times) (The Washington Post)

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