Social Media Platforms Face Strict New Rules in India
If platforms with more than 5 million users fail to comply with the rules by Wednesday, they could lose powerful liability protections, opening them up to lawsuits.
Ensuring Social Media Due Diligence
Social media giants like Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter have until Wednesday to comply with new rules from India’s Centre for Information Technology (IT) or face punishments that many headlines mistakenly describe as a “ban.”
IT first announced the new regulations in February 2021, but companies like Facebook, along with its subsidiaries Instagram and Whatsapp, have been slow to implement them. The new rules will, among many things, require social media platforms with over 5 million users to remove content flagged for nudity within 24-hours, issue monthly compliance reports, appoint compliance and grievance officers, and in general “follow additional due diligence.”
The grievance officer is a position that the Indian government has been adamant about, as it provides a point of contact to formally issue complaints and have them addressed within a specified period of time. Following a year of clashes with social media platforms, the ability to have complaints responded to within a specific time period is particularly important for the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Most recently, the government and the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have fought Twitter because the platform marked a tweet from a high-ranking BJP member as “manipulated media.” The now-deleted tweet featured a doctored image of a COVID-19 information toolkit from the opposition in an attempt to discredit it.
That fight has gotten so serious that the government even raided Twitter’s Indian offices earlier in the week, although no one was there since they’ve been working from home since March.
So far, only the domestic social media platform Koo has actually complied with the new rules, although Facebook, Google, and YouTube all said on Tuesday that they were aiming to comply with the new regulation. Google, for its part, said in a statement, “We respect India’s legislative process and have a long history of responding to government requests to remove content where the content violates the local law or our product policies.”
Whatsapp actually sued the Indian government to stop the rules in the Delhi High Court, calling them a “mass surveillance” tool. The details of the lawsuit are not available at this time, but the IT called the suit an “unfortunate attempt” to prevent the new rules from coming into effect.
Twitter has yet to publicly take a stance on the issue, so it’s unclear what will happen with the site when Wednesday passes. Despite headlines to the contrary, it will not be banned outright, though the end result would likely be similar.
Any platform that doesn’t follow IT’s new rules loses its “intermediary status,” which grants liability protection from content posted on platforms by users. Having that status revoked could lead to lawsuits for anything posted on the sites, which could push sites to leave the country to avoid the possibility of crippling court orders.
See what others are saying: (CNN) (New York Times) (Times of India)
Dutch Man Who Fathered Over 500 Kids Is Being Sued to Stop Donating Sperm Over Incest Concerns
Meijer is accused of having children in 13 different countries.
Johnathon Jacob Meijer, a 41-year-old Dutch man, is currently facing a lawsuit that aims to forbid him from donating sperm after he allegedly fathered at least 550 children.
The lawsuit claims that Meijer’s prolific and obsessive donation habit heightens the risk of accidental incest for his children.
Meijer has donated to at least 13 clinics, mostly located in the Netherlands. He also used websites and social media to reach out to women looking for donors. In 2017, after the Dutch Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology learned that Meijer had already fathered more than 100 children, he was blacklisted from all clinics in the Netherlands. However, he has reportedly continued his donations in Ukraine, Denmark, and other countries.
One professional tracking Meijer’s movements told The New York Times in 2021 that she had found mothers of his children in Australia, Italy, Serbia, Germany, Poland, Hungary, Switzerland, Romania, Sweden, Mexico, and the United States.
One mother from the Netherlands has partnered with Donorkind — a Dutch organization for children conceived via a sperm donor — to bring this lawsuit against Meijer.
The mother claims that Meijer told her that he didn’t have more than 25 donor children.
“When I think about the consequences this could have for my child, I get a bad gut feeling and I become uncertain about his future: how many more children will be added?” she said to Donorkind.
Donorkind and the mother are looking for the court to order Meijer to stop donating and for any clinic that has his sperm to destroy it.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (The Telegraph) (Insider)
U.S. Intel Suggests Pro-Ukraine Group Sabotaged Nord Stream Pipeline
There is no evidence that the culprits behind the attack were acting under the direction of the Ukrainian government.
Europe Braces for Shocking Revelations
A pro-Ukraine group blew up the Nord Stream pipelines last September, intelligence reviewed by U.S. officials suggests.
The New York Times reported the news Tuesday, citing officials who said there was no evidence of involvement by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, any of his top lieutenants, or any government officials.
The strength of the evidence, however, is not clear, and U.S. officials declined to inform The Times on the nature of the intelligence or how it was obtained. They reportedly added that the intelligence indicates neither who the group’s members are nor who funded and directed the operation.
The Times’ sources said they believe the saboteurs were most likely Russian or Ukrainian nationals and that they possibly received specialized government training in the past.
It’s also possible that the group behind the attack was a proxy with covert ties to Kyiv, the report added.
When three of four Nord Stream pipelines were found to be severely damaged last year, the revelation shook markets and sent European gas prices soaring. Nord Stream 1, which was completed in 2011, and Nord Stream 2, which had been laid down but wasn’t yet operational, supplied Germany and by extension the rest of Western Europe with cheap Russian natural gas.
Following the explosions, Poland and Ukraine blamed Russia, and Russia blamed Britain. Other observers speculated that Ukraine might be behind it too.
More Ongoing Investigations
Last month, investigative journalist Seymour Hersh claimed in a Substack article that the United States military carried out the attack and that President Biden authorized it himself. However, Hersh’s report cited only one anonymous source in support of its central claim, so it was largely dismissed as not credible.
Western governments expressed caution on Wednesday in response to The Times report.
“There are ongoing national investigations and I think it’s right to wait until those are finalized before we say anything more about who was behind it,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said in a statement.
Russia, by contrast, pounced on the opportunity to renew its demand for inclusion in a proposed international probe into the pipeline explosion.
The Ukrainian government denied any involvement in the Nord Stream explosions.
On Wednesday, multiple German media outlets reported that investigators have largely reconstructed how the attack happened, pinning the blame on six people who allegedly used a yacht hired by a Ukrainian-owned company in Poland.
German officials reportedly searched a vessel suspected of carrying the explosives in January, but the investigation is ongoing.
The country’s defense minister suggested the explosions may have been a “false flag” attack to smear Ukraine.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (Associated Press) (Reuters)
Turkey, Syria Earthquake Death Toll Rises to 41,000 as Survivors Pulled from Rubble
A pair of brothers spent around 200 hours trapped under debris, living off of protein powder and their own urine.
A Humanitarian Crisis Explodes
The number of confirmed dead from the earthquakes in Turkey and Syria last week has surpassed 41,000.
Millions more people have been left stranded without adequate shelter, food, clean water, or medical supplies.
At night, the region has dropped to below-freezing temperatures.
Now health authorities are worried that the lack of sanitation infrastructure, which was damaged by the quakes, will lead to a disease outbreak.
“We haven’t been able to rinse off since the earthquake,” 21-year-old Mohammad Emin, whose home was destroyed, told Reuters.
He was helping out at a clinic serving displaced people in an open-air stadium, but with no showers and only six toilets, the resource shortage was poignant.
“They are offering tetanus shots to residents who request them, and distributing hygiene kits with shampoo, deodorant, pads and wipes,” added Akin Hacioglu, a doctor at the clinic.
The World Health Organization monitors the population for waterborne diseases like cholera and typhoid, as well as seasonal influenza and COVID-19.
Rescuers Race Against the Clock
After more than a week of searching, hopes that more living victims will be found amid the collapsed buildings are fading, but rescuers continue to pull out the final few survivors.
Abdulbaki Yeninar, 21, and his brother Muhammed Enes Yeninar, 17, spent about 200 hours under rubble in the city of Kahramanmaras before they were extracted Tuesday. They told reporters they held on by eating protein powder, drinking their own urine, and swallowing gulps of air.
In the same city, teams dug a 16-foot tunnel through debris to rescue a woman, and to the south, a volunteer mining crew joined the efforts to save another.
With no homes to go back to, some survivors have joined the ranks of volunteers themselves.
In the past week, more than 35,000 Turkish search-and-rescue teams worked alongside thousands of international workers in the effort, according to Turkey’s emergency management agency.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has called the earthquakes the “disaster of the century” and said in a statement that at least 13,000 people were being treated in hospitals.
The death toll is expected to rise even further in the coming weeks.