- Over 210 people have been killed and more than 1,000 others have been injured since fighting between Hamas and Israel began last Monday,
- Over the weekend, Israel attacked tunnels used by Hamas for transportation and storage, although one of these tunnels eventually collapsed when the housing above it was destroyed, killing at least 40.
- Additionally, Israel is facing widespread backlash for targeting a building in Gaza that allegedly held Hamas military assets but also housed Al-Jazeera and the Associated Press offices.
- The Associated Press denies allowing reporters to work in a building with any military value, and the strikes have caused Reporters Without Borders to demand an investigation into possible war crimes.
Mounting Death Toll
Gaza has entered its second week of bombardment by Israeli airstrikes and ground forces while Israel is facing ongoing rocket attacks from Hamas.
Tensions between Israel and the Palestinian territories are tense at the best of times, but they drastically escalated in recent weeks over how Israel treated worshipers at al-Aqsa mosque during Ramadan, Islam’s holiest month. Adding to fuel to the fire were the forced evictions of the Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah, a neighborhood in East Jerusalem. These two events led Hamas to issue an ultimatum that Israel ignored, and the group then launched rockets into Israel last Monday.
Since then, at least 1300 Palestinians in Gaza have been injured and over 200 were killed, including more than 50 children. Nearly one-fourth of those deaths happened on Sunday when a tunnel used by Hamas was targeted by Israel and collapsed, destroying the housing above. Hamas’ tunnels extend for hundreds of miles, are well built, and are used as defensive structures. Israel targets them with airstrikes and uses ground forces to collapse them at strategic points.
In a statement, the Israeli military said, “Hamas intentionally locates its terrorist infrastructure under civilian houses, exposing them to danger.” However, after Sunday’s collapse, Israel said it would reexamine how it destroys the tunnels to try and prevent such casualties.
The claim that Hamas hides its military assets among civilian infrastructure isn’t new. The group has long been accused of doing it throughout history, and often it’s true. Yet, at the same time, Israel very much prioritizes targeting Hamas’ offensive capabilities over nearly everything else.
The Israeli Defense Force claims that it informs residents of targeted areas beforehand in order to let them evacuate, but there is an increasing amount of evidence that doesn’t always happen. Additionally, it doesn’t solve the problem that most of these residents are left without a home afterward, lending to Gaza’s reputation as one of the most impoverished areas of the world.
Accusations of Targeting Journalists
Israel’s mission to bomb any and all alleged Hamas facilities hs led it to be accused of possible war crimes. On Saturday, Israel bombed the al-Jalaa tower, a 12-story building that houses Al-Jazeera, the Associated Press, and other media outlets. Israeli officials claimed the building also held Hamas military assets and said they gave advanced warning to allow people to evacuate. While there were no casualties, the attack drew widespread condemnation.
Gary Pruitt, president of the Associated Press, said in a statement, “The world will know less about what is happening in Gaza because of what transpired today.” He also demanded that Israel provide proof that Hamas was using the building for military assets, adding, “We have had no indication Hamas was in the building or active in the building. This is something we actively check to the best of our ability. We would never knowingly put our journalists at risk.”
The incident has also caused Reporters Without Borders to issue a statement calling on the International Criminal Court to investigate, with its Secretary-General saying that “deliberately targeting media outlets constitutes a war crime.”
The attacks and death toll haven’t only been happening in Gaza. To date, nearly 3,000 rockets have been fired at Israel, although the vast majority were destroyed by Israel’s Iron Dome defense system. The few that weren’t have led to 10 Israeli deaths.
While all of this is happening, Israel is also experiencing some of its worst internal sectarian violence in years. Throughout the country, Israelis and Palestinians have clashed on the streets, leading to stores being vandalized and many injuries, including what has been described as lynchings.
Calls for Peace
Around the world, leaders have called for the fighting to stop. The United Nations has tried to issue a joint statement calling for an immediate ceasefire, but the U.S. has blocked such a resolution three times by using its veto power as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council
Looking at the U.S.’ stance further, President Joe Biden made it clear in phone calls with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas on Saturday that the U.S. supports Israel’s right to defend itself from Hamas’ rocket attacks. Abbas pushed back against Biden, asking him to intervene and put an end to “Israeli attack(s) on Palestinian people everywhere.”
In a press release from Sunday, the White House emphasized that it was still committed to a two-state solution.
See what others are saying: (New York Times) (NBC News) (Washington Post)
Hong Kong’s Apple Daily Raided, Top Editors and Execs Arrested
Police claim the paper violated a controversial National Security law by publishing articles that asked foreign countries to sanction the Hong Kong and Chinese government.
Apple Daily Raid
Nearly 500 Chinese police officers carried out a raid on Thursday at the headquarters of Hong Kong’s Apple Daily, a tabloid-style paper and one of the largest publications in the city.
During the aid, which was live-streamed by the outlet, police arrested top executives and editors while also seizing journalistic materials over violations of the city’s controversial National Security law. Apple Daily said CEO Cheung Kim Hung, COO Chow Tat Kuen, Editor-in-Chief Ryan Law, Deputy Chief Editor Chan Pui-man, and Online Editor Cheung Chi-wai were arrested and accused of “colluding with foreign forces and external elements to endanger national security.”
Police also froze $1.8 million in Apple Daily assets.
John Lee, Hong Kong’s Security Secretary, told reporters that “this case involves a conspiracy” and added that the police were targeting those who use journalism as a “tool to endanger national security.”
Police claim that since 2019, Apple Daily has published articles calling on foreign countries to sanction the Chinese and Hong Kong governments. Many of those articles were published before the National Security law went into effect, meaning the law is being applied retroactively.
However, China’s Deputy Director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office said the law wouldn’t be retroactive, so it’s unclear if there’s been a shift in policy and if authorities are seeking to change how they approach violations that occurred before the law was enacted.
Not Meant to Restrict Freedom of the Press
Thursday’s raid could also have repercussions for other Hong Kongers. The city’s Senior Superintendent of the Police’s National Security Department warned citizens not to repost certain Apple Daily articles by saying, “If you have no real reason to share these types of articles, I would advise everyone not to.”
He claimed that this raid wasn’t targeting the press but rather one individual organization that violated the law. He also said Hong Kong’s government values the freedom of the press, a right that is supposed to be enshrined in the city’s Basic Law. Lee concurred with the Senior Superintendent, adding, “Please understand that our actions are not targeting journalistic work. We target perpetrators who use journalistic work as a tool to endanger acts of national security.”
Apple Daily has vowed to carry on with its work while also acknowledging that its fate was out of its hands. In a letter to its readers, the paper wrote, “In today’s Hong Kong, we are unfamiliar and speechless.”
“It seems that we are powerless to deal with it, and it is difficult to prevent the regime from doing whatever it wants.”
See what others are saying: (AP) (The New York Times) (NBC News)
Hamas Launches Incendiary Balloons Into Israel Over Right-Wing March, Israel Responds With Airstrikes
No casualties were reported and the tentative ceasefire that ended last month’s hostilities largely remains in place.
10 Minutes of Airstrikes
Alleged Hamas training facilities were hit by Israeli airstrikes early Wednesday morning as a response to the group sending incendiary balloons into Israeli territory late Tuesday night.
The airstrikes, which lasted for 10 minutes, destroyed two compounds while the balloons started about 20 fires across southern Israel. There were no casualties on either side and damage was kept to a relative minimum. By Wednesday morning, calm had returned and neither group pursued further hostilities.
Hamas risked breaking a tenuous ceasefire in order to respond to right-wing Israeli demonstrators that marched through Palestinian neighborhoods to commemorate a holiday that is seen as highly provocative. The ceasefire has gone on to its eleventh day, stopping widespread rocket and airstrike campaigns that left hundreds of buildings in Gaza destroyed and dozens in Israel damaged.
The marchers were celebrating Jerusalem Flag Day, a day to mark Israel’s occupation of East Jerusalem and its holy sites during the 1967 Middle East War. It was originally supposed to occur on May 10 but was delayed as fighting between Hamas and Israel began last month. Hamas actually listed the celebrations as one of its primary causes for starting hostilities and warned that any further Jerusalem Flag Day events in East Jerusalem would be met with violence.
Tuesday’s march proved to be one of the first big tests faced by Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, who only just started the job this week. As a right-wing figure himself, he supported the marchers and saw rerouting or canceling the event as giving into Hamas’ demands. However, his center and left-wing allies pushed for the event to be canceled. In the end, security forces slightly amended the route to avoid passing through the Damascus Gate and into the Muslim Quarter.
Those same security forces have been accused by Palestinian protesters of violence as they moved to disperse anti-Israel demonstrations and make way for Flag Day marchers. According to the Palestinian Red Crescent, at least 33 Palestinians were injured by police in those clashes.
Chants of “Death to Arabs!”
The celebrations by Israelis were largely peaceful, if not extremely provocative. The entire holiday itself is seen as a celebration of what many Arabs lost in the 1967 Middle East War, and hosting events in what is considered occupied territory puts salt in the wound. However, a large group of young Israelis inflamed the situation after video surfaced of them chanting “Death to Arabs!“
Their actions were widely condemned, including by Defense Minister Yair Lapid, who said, “The fact that there are extremists for whom the Israeli flag represents hate and racism is abominable and intolerable.” He added, “It is incomprehensible how one can hold an Israeli flag in one’s hand and shout ‘Death to Arabs’ at the same time.”
The Palestinian Authority, the government of the West Bank, said that there could be ‘dangerous repercussions” because of Tuesday’s right-wing march.
Despite the small rise in hostilities posed by Tuesday’s march and subsequent responses by Hamas and Israel, their ceasefire remains.
See what others are saying: (NPR) (The Wall Street Journal) (BBC)
India Is Investigating Fake COVID-19 Tests That May Have Fueled Outbreaks
Private facilities testing at a religious festival in April faked at least 100,000 negative tests, leading the public to believe the event wasn’t a super spreader.
Kumbh Mela Super Spreader Event
Authorities in India said Tuesday that they are investigating COVID-19 testing efforts carried out by private facilities during a major religious festival in Uttarakhand state this past April, which led to hundreds of thousands of fake negative test results.
The religious festival, Kumbh Mela, is among the most widely attended events in the world and millions arrived for the celebrations despite health authorities warning that it could become a super spreader event. Pilgrims weren’t deterred as local politicians praised the safety of the event and encouraged people to come without masks. In the end, the return home by festival goers is believed to have led to the largest outbreak of COVID-19 in the world, with new daily cases rising above 400,000 through April and May.
At the time, however, reported positive cases from those at the festival were shockingly low. One district in Haridwar, where part of the festival takes place, reported that out of 251,000 tests carried out locally during Kumbh Mela, only 2,273 were positive. Meanwhile, elsewhere in the state and across India, infections were upwards of 10% of those tested, leading experts to doubt the festival’s results
The narrative that India’s large outbreak wasn’t fueled by Kumbh Mela began to fall apart after a man from neighboring Punjab received a negative COVID-19 test from a private testing facility in Uttarakhand. The private test showed that during his time at the Kumbh Mela festival, he was negative despite never actually attended the festival.
Last week, he complained to the Indian Council of Medical Research, who took the situation seriously and asked local authorities to open an investigation into the matter. Preliminary findings from the investigation show that the situation is possibly worse than predicted. Authorities found that one company testing at the festival forged about a fourth of their results, meaning at least 100,000 tests were faked.
As investigators search the books, they’re finding that private clinics filled testing logs up by putting down random names, numbers, and addresses and sending those people negative test results. The clinics would then use the inflated numbers to charge local authorities more for their services.
Clinics also engaged in other scams, such as using the same unique ID code from a negative antigen test, meant for a single individual, for multiple “recipients.” In one instance, according to Times of India, a single test ID number was used for 700 people.
Because of these findings, Uttarakhand has stopped paying dozens of private testing facilities as it investigates further.
COVID-19 cases in India have fallen drastically in the last month after spiking to over 400,000 new cases every day partially because of Kumbh Mela. More than 377,000 people have died due to COVID-10 in India to date, though many believe authorities are underreporting deaths.