Only “Patriotic” Candidates Can Run for Legislative Council in Hong Kong, China Rules
- Hong Kong’s electoral system is undergoing fundamental changes after the Chinese National People’s Congress voted unanimously Tuesday to amend the territory’s constitution.
- Under the new rules, the number of directly-elected legislators to Hong Kong’s Legislative Council will be reduced to less than one-fourth of its members.
- Additionally, any candidates must be sufficiently “patriotic,” and any who fail to meet the requirement will be denied an opportunity to run for office.
- Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam defended the system, saying it still allows for those with pan-democratic views, though critics say it fundamentally undermines Hong Kong’s semi-autonomous status.
Electoral System Overhaul
Hong Kong officially took a step backwards on Tuesday after the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference unanimously voted on provisions that would fundamentally change elections in the semi-autonomous territory.
The Conference was working to smooth out the kinks of a bill passed earlier in March by the Chinese National People’s Congress, which voted 2895-0 with one abstention to change Hong Kong’s election system. Initially, the only differences that were publicly known included clauses that only “patriots” would be allowed to seek elected office and that the number of seats in Hong Kong’s Legislative Council would change.
With the details officially decided, it’s now known that Beijing enacted wide-reaching changes to Hong Kong’s Basic Law, their constitution. Changes include how the city’s Legislative Council is formed, how many seats are in the council, and who can run for office.
In the Legislative Council, Beijing had a two-pronged approach to diluting the power of democratically elected leaders. It not only reduced the number of directly elected seats but also increased the total number of seats available, meaning that just under one-fourth of the now 90 seats are up for grabs. Additionally, another 40 seats of the legislature will be appointed by the territory’s Election Committee directly. The Election Committee is a now-1,500-man electoral college that chooses the Chief Executive.
Formerly, the Committee was made up of various aspects of Hong Kong society, including businesses, special interest groups, political parties, and district councils. Some of the seats were directly elected by Hong Kongers. Even though directly-elected officials had little power in the Committee, their elections were often used to voice dissatisfaction with Beijing policies, leading to pro-democracy groups often winning the seats. In response, Beijing has decided to remove all the directly elected spots in the Electoral Committee and will appoint the officials sitting on the Committee.
System Is Skewed Towards Pro-China Views
In addition to choosing the Chief Executive and directly appointing 40 members to the Legislative Council, the Election Committee now has the power to vet the remaining 20 directly-elected members before they are allowed to run for office. Since the Election Committee is inherently pro-Beijing, as getting on the council is impossible without that stance, candidates who are critical of China’s heavy-handed approach against Hong Kong are unlikely to be allowed to run.
There’s actually another layer to prevent this. Before the Election Committee considers a candidate they must be approved by the national police. If the police decide they cannot run for any reason then the decision is final. There is no way to oppose the decision. With that said, who gets to run for office? The overriding criteria is that a candidate must be “patriotic.”
Officials like Chief Executive Carrie Lam thinks the “patriotic” clause won’t limit who can run for office, saying, “The whole arrangement to improve the electoral system of the [Hong Kong Special Administrative Region] is to ensure patriots administrate Hong Kong. They have to fulfil a requirement, which actually is in our electoral law – that they have to bear allegiance to the HKSAR and also uphold the Basic Law.”
However, the move has been widely criticized as a fundamental undermining of the long-standing democratic institutions in Hong Kong. That’s because even if the people elected all pro-Hong Kong lawmakers, they’d have effectively no power to do anything compared to Beijing-appointed officials.
Elections for the new Legislative Council are to be held in December.
See what others are saying: (South China Morning Post) (Los Angeles Times) (New York Times)
Dutch Man Who Fathered Over 500 Kids Is Being Sued to Stop Donating Sperm Over Incest Concerns
Meijer is accused of having children in 13 different countries.
Johnathon Jacob Meijer, a 41-year-old Dutch man, is currently facing a lawsuit that aims to forbid him from donating sperm after he allegedly fathered at least 550 children.
The lawsuit claims that Meijer’s prolific and obsessive donation habit heightens the risk of accidental incest for his children.
Meijer has donated to at least 13 clinics, mostly located in the Netherlands. He also used websites and social media to reach out to women looking for donors. In 2017, after the Dutch Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology learned that Meijer had already fathered more than 100 children, he was blacklisted from all clinics in the Netherlands. However, he has reportedly continued his donations in Ukraine, Denmark, and other countries.
One professional tracking Meijer’s movements told The New York Times in 2021 that she had found mothers of his children in Australia, Italy, Serbia, Germany, Poland, Hungary, Switzerland, Romania, Sweden, Mexico, and the United States.
One mother from the Netherlands has partnered with Donorkind — a Dutch organization for children conceived via a sperm donor — to bring this lawsuit against Meijer.
The mother claims that Meijer told her that he didn’t have more than 25 donor children.
“When I think about the consequences this could have for my child, I get a bad gut feeling and I become uncertain about his future: how many more children will be added?” she said to Donorkind.
Donorkind and the mother are looking for the court to order Meijer to stop donating and for any clinic that has his sperm to destroy it.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (The Telegraph) (Insider)
U.S. Intel Suggests Pro-Ukraine Group Sabotaged Nord Stream Pipeline
There is no evidence that the culprits behind the attack were acting under the direction of the Ukrainian government.
Europe Braces for Shocking Revelations
A pro-Ukraine group blew up the Nord Stream pipelines last September, intelligence reviewed by U.S. officials suggests.
The New York Times reported the news Tuesday, citing officials who said there was no evidence of involvement by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, any of his top lieutenants, or any government officials.
The strength of the evidence, however, is not clear, and U.S. officials declined to inform The Times on the nature of the intelligence or how it was obtained. They reportedly added that the intelligence indicates neither who the group’s members are nor who funded and directed the operation.
The Times’ sources said they believe the saboteurs were most likely Russian or Ukrainian nationals and that they possibly received specialized government training in the past.
It’s also possible that the group behind the attack was a proxy with covert ties to Kyiv, the report added.
When three of four Nord Stream pipelines were found to be severely damaged last year, the revelation shook markets and sent European gas prices soaring. Nord Stream 1, which was completed in 2011, and Nord Stream 2, which had been laid down but wasn’t yet operational, supplied Germany and by extension the rest of Western Europe with cheap Russian natural gas.
Following the explosions, Poland and Ukraine blamed Russia, and Russia blamed Britain. Other observers speculated that Ukraine might be behind it too.
More Ongoing Investigations
Last month, investigative journalist Seymour Hersh claimed in a Substack article that the United States military carried out the attack and that President Biden authorized it himself. However, Hersh’s report cited only one anonymous source in support of its central claim, so it was largely dismissed as not credible.
Western governments expressed caution on Wednesday in response to The Times report.
“There are ongoing national investigations and I think it’s right to wait until those are finalized before we say anything more about who was behind it,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said in a statement.
Russia, by contrast, pounced on the opportunity to renew its demand for inclusion in a proposed international probe into the pipeline explosion.
The Ukrainian government denied any involvement in the Nord Stream explosions.
On Wednesday, multiple German media outlets reported that investigators have largely reconstructed how the attack happened, pinning the blame on six people who allegedly used a yacht hired by a Ukrainian-owned company in Poland.
German officials reportedly searched a vessel suspected of carrying the explosives in January, but the investigation is ongoing.
The country’s defense minister suggested the explosions may have been a “false flag” attack to smear Ukraine.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (Associated Press) (Reuters)
Turkey, Syria Earthquake Death Toll Rises to 41,000 as Survivors Pulled from Rubble
A pair of brothers spent around 200 hours trapped under debris, living off of protein powder and their own urine.
A Humanitarian Crisis Explodes
The number of confirmed dead from the earthquakes in Turkey and Syria last week has surpassed 41,000.
Millions more people have been left stranded without adequate shelter, food, clean water, or medical supplies.
At night, the region has dropped to below-freezing temperatures.
Now health authorities are worried that the lack of sanitation infrastructure, which was damaged by the quakes, will lead to a disease outbreak.
“We haven’t been able to rinse off since the earthquake,” 21-year-old Mohammad Emin, whose home was destroyed, told Reuters.
He was helping out at a clinic serving displaced people in an open-air stadium, but with no showers and only six toilets, the resource shortage was poignant.
“They are offering tetanus shots to residents who request them, and distributing hygiene kits with shampoo, deodorant, pads and wipes,” added Akin Hacioglu, a doctor at the clinic.
The World Health Organization monitors the population for waterborne diseases like cholera and typhoid, as well as seasonal influenza and COVID-19.
Rescuers Race Against the Clock
After more than a week of searching, hopes that more living victims will be found amid the collapsed buildings are fading, but rescuers continue to pull out the final few survivors.
Abdulbaki Yeninar, 21, and his brother Muhammed Enes Yeninar, 17, spent about 200 hours under rubble in the city of Kahramanmaras before they were extracted Tuesday. They told reporters they held on by eating protein powder, drinking their own urine, and swallowing gulps of air.
In the same city, teams dug a 16-foot tunnel through debris to rescue a woman, and to the south, a volunteer mining crew joined the efforts to save another.
With no homes to go back to, some survivors have joined the ranks of volunteers themselves.
In the past week, more than 35,000 Turkish search-and-rescue teams worked alongside thousands of international workers in the effort, according to Turkey’s emergency management agency.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has called the earthquakes the “disaster of the century” and said in a statement that at least 13,000 people were being treated in hospitals.
The death toll is expected to rise even further in the coming weeks.