- The Chinese Ministry of Education released its “Proposal to Prevent the Feminization of Male Adolescents” last week, only to receive widespread backlash.
- The proposal pushes schools to promote physical education and recruit former athletes to lead their programs.
- Officials are concerned that Chinese boys are too “soft” and point to a variety of supposed causes for this, including being raised by mothers and being influenced by boy bands.
- Chinese netizens widely mocked the proposal as sexist and were angered that it tried to put people into stereotypical roles.
Chinese Now Need to Be Manly
A Chinese Ministry of Education proposal that was issued last week is making headlines for telling schools to “de-feminize” their male students.
The Proposal to Prevent the Feminization of Male Adolescents encourages schools to recruit retired athletes and other athletic individuals with the aim of “cultivating students’ masculinity.” In particular, schools are encouraged to promote physical education and target soccer players, as Xi Jinping is an avid fan and hopes to make China a “football superpower” by 2050.
Other officials have been calling on schools to move towards this goal for years. Si Zefu, a top Chinese official, said last year that China’s young men had become “weak, timid, and self-abasing.” He partly blamed their home environment, claiming that being raised by mothers and grandmothers was the issue.
He also argued that the “feminization” of men “would inevitably endanger the survival and development of the Chinese nation.” At the time, he encouraged schools to play a larger role in counteracting this.
While Si blames home life, others have pointed to the growing popularity of boy bands in China. These boy bands are often thought of as having soft, feminine, or androgynous looks and facial features. The new push would be to have more men with what are seen as “masculine” features becoming celebrities and role models.
However, there’s a backward incentive here. Celebrities in China are seen as needing near-perfect morals and can’t make any mistakes for fear of losing their status. To that end, boy bands and their necessity for squeaky-clean reputations are elevated and thus so are their looks.
Pushback Across China
Comments across the social media platform Weibo called the proposal sexist. Users wrote things like: “There are 70 million more men than women in this country. No country in the world has such a deformed sex ration. Isn’t that masculine enough?”
“Boys are also humans… being emotional, timid or gentle, these are human characteristics,” another critic wrote, while a separate individual added, “What are men afraid of? Being the same as women?”
The Global Times, which is the nationalist mouthpiece of the Chinese Communist Party, mostly featured opinions that criticized the decision.
They quoted an editorial for iFeng.com, which wrote, “The anxiety about lack of ‘masculinity’ is itself a discrimination due to certain kind of mindset. In subconsciousness, such people consider ‘female’, ‘girly’ and ‘feminine’ are bad and each sex should have a certain kind of look in life.”
One teacher told the paper that it wasn’t the fault of any boy bands or deliberate efforts to “feminize” boys, instead she felt “boys are too spoiled by families and the society.”
Leaving Women Behind
The Ministry’s new proposal also seems to have undertones that suggest masculine-men move society, which runs against recent efforts by Chinese officials to exalt the works of women in society.
Over the last year, television programs and other works have shown how women are increasingly getting roles in business and tech and encourage them to do so. At least officially, the country is trying to get more women into positions of leadership. Zhou Chengyu is one such figure featured across Chinese publications. She’s the 24-year-old in charge of the Chinese lunar rover mission.
It’s unclear, based on the text of the proposal, whether or not it’s meant to reverse those efforts or not.
See What Others Are Saying: (Global Times) (BBC) (Reuters)
U.K. Court Rules Julian Assange Can Be Extradited to U.S.
The judgment overrules a lower court decision that blocked the WikiLeaks founder’s extradition on the grounds that his mental health was not stable enough to weather harsh conditions in the American prison system if convicted.
New Developments in Assange Extradition Battle
A British court ruled Friday that WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange can be extradited to the United States to face charges of violating the Espionage Act that could land him in prison for decades.
Prosecutors in the U.S. have accused Assange of conspiring with former army intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning in 2010 to hack into a Department of Defense computer network and access thousands of military and diplomatic records on the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
The information obtained in the hack was later published by WikiLeaks in 2010 and 2011, a move U.S. authorities allege put lives in danger.
In addition to a charge of computer misuse, Assange has also been indicted on 17 espionage charges. Collectively, the charges carry a maximum prison sentence of 175 years.
The Friday decision from the High Court overturns a lower court ruling in January, which found that Assange’s mental health was too fragile for the harsh environment he could face in the U.S. prison system if convicted.
Notably, the January ruling did not determine whether or not Assange was guilty. In fact, District Judge Vanessa Baraitser explicitly rejected the defense’s arguments that the charges against him were politically motivated and that he should be protected under freedom of press.
However, she agreed that the defense had provided compelling evidence that Assange suffers from severe depression and that the conditions he could face in the U.S. prison system were “such that it would be oppressive to extradite him to the United States of America.”
The U.S. appealed the ruling, arguing that Assange’s mental health should not be a barrier to extradition and that the psychiatrist who examined him had been biased.
In October, the Biden administration vowed that if Assange were to be convicted, he would not be placed in the highest-security U.S. prison or immediately sent to solitary confinement. Officials also said that the native Australian would be eligible to serve his sentence in his home country.
High Court Ruling
The High Court agreed with the administration’s arguments in its ruling, arguing that the American’s assurances regarding the conditions of Assange’s potential incarceration were “sufficient.”
“There is no reason why this court should not accept the assurances as meaning what they say,” the ruling stated. “There is no basis for assuming that the USA has not given the assurances in good faith.”
Assange’s fiancé, Stella Moris, said in a statement that his legal team would appeal the decision to the British Supreme Court at the “earliest possible moment,” referring to the judgment as a “grave miscarriage of justice.”
The Supreme Court will now decide whether or not to hear the case based on if it believes the matter involves a point of law “of general public importance.” That decision may take weeks or even months.
If the U.K. Supreme Court court objects to hearing Assange’s appeal, he could ask the European Court of Human Rights to stay the extradition — a move that could set in motion another lengthy legal battle in the already drawn-out process.
Assange and his supporters claim he was acting as an investigative journalist when he published the classified military cables. They argue that the possibility of his extradition and prosecution represent serious threats to press freedoms in the U.S.
U.S. prosecutors dispute that Assange acted as a journalist, claiming that he encouraged illegal hacking for personal reasons.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (NPR) (The Washington Post)
Early Data Indicates Omicron is More Transmissible But Less Severe
The studies come as Pfizer and BioNTech claim that preliminary research shows a third shot of their COVID vaccine appears to provide sufficient protection against the new variant, but two doses alone may not.
More Information About Omicron
Several preliminary studies published in recent days appear to show that the new omicron COVID-19 variant may be more transmissible but less severe than previous strains.
One recent, un-peer-reviewed study by a Japanese scientist who advises the country’s health ministry found that omicron is four times more transmissible in its initial stage than delta was.
Preliminary information in countries hit hard by omicron also indicates high transmissibility. In South Africa — where the variant was first detected and is already the dominant strain — new COVID cases have more than doubled over the last week.
Health officials in the U.K. said omicron cases are doubling every two or three days, and they expect the strain to become dominant in the country in a matter of weeks.
In a statement Wednesday, World Health Organization Director Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that while early data does seem to show high transmissibility, it also indicates that omicron causes more mild cases than delta.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevent Director Rochelle Walensky echoed that sentiment, telling reporters that of the 40 known omicron cases in the U.S. as of Wednesday, nearly all of them were mild. One person has been hospitalized so far and none have died.
Studies on Vaccine Efficacy
Other recent studies have shown that current COVID vaccines are effective at preventing severe illness and death in omicron patients, and boosters provide at least some added protection.
On Wednesday, Pfizer and BioNTech announced that laboratory tests have shown a third dose of their COVID-19 vaccine appears to provide sufficient protection against the omicron variant, though two doses may not.
According to the companies, researchers saw a 25-fold reduction in neutralizing antibodies for omicron compared to other strains of the virus for people who had just two Pfizer doses.
By contrast, samples from people one month after they had received a Pfizer booster presented neutralizing antibodies against omicron that were comparable to those seen against previous variants after two doses.
Still, Pfizer’s chief executive also told reporters later in the day that omicron could increase the likelihood that people might need a fourth dose earlier than previously expected, which he had initially said was 12 months after the third shot.
Notably, the Pfizer research has not yet been peer-reviewed, and it remains unclear how omicron will operate outside a lab, but other studies have had similar findings.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (Bloomberg) (NBC News)
40 Camels Disqualified From Beauty Contest After Breeders Inject Their Faces With Botox
The animals were barred from competing for $66 million in prizes at this year’s King Abdulaziz Camel Festival in Saudi Arabia.
Camels Booted From Beauty Contest
More than 40 camels were disqualified from a beauty contest in Saudi Arabia this week after judges found artificial enhancements in their faces, marking the biggest crackdown on contestants in the competition to date.
The animals were competing for $66 million in prizes at the King Abdulaziz Camel Festival, a month-long event that is estimated to include around 33,000 camels.
However, according to The Guardian, they were forced out of the contest when authorities found that breeders had “stretched out the lips and noses of the camels, used hormones to boost the animals’ muscles, injected heads and lips with Botox to make them bigger, inflated body parts with rubber bands, and used fillers to relax their faces.”
Those types of alterations are banned since judges look at the contestant’s heads, necks, humps, posture, and other features when evaluating them.
An announcement from the state-linked Saudi Press Agency said officials used “specialized and advanced” technology to detect tampering.
“The club is keen to halt all acts of tampering and deception in the beautification of camels,” the SPA report added before warning that organizers would “impose strict penalties on manipulators.”
While it’s unclear what that actually entails, this isn’t the first time people have tried to cheat in this way.
In 2018, 12 camels were similarly disqualified from the competition for injections in their noses, lips, and jaw.