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Ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh Celebrated in Azerbaijan, Called ‘Betrayal’ in Armenia

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  • Russia has another brokered a ceasefire between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh.
  • This time it involves Russian troops stepping in to keep the peace and Armenia leaving the region.
  • Azerbaijan will be allowed to keep all the land it controls currently, including the culturally significant city of Shusha, known as Shushi to Armenians.
  • Armenia’s prime minister Nikol Pashinyan and the Armenian leader of the breakaway Republic recognized the war was strategically lost after Azerbaijan took over Shusha as well as the heights surrounding the capital of Stepanakert, meaning it could be easily attacked.
  • The announcement was celebrated in Azerbaijan, while Armenians are calling for Pashinyan to resign and describe the deal as a “betrayal.”

Armenia and Azerbaijan Stop Fighting

After six weeks of fighting, Armenia and Azerbaijan have agreed to a fourth ceasefire in Nagorno Karabakh.

This most recent ceasefire was brokered by Russia and has provisions that are widely popular in Azerbaijan. The agreement, however, created outrage in Armenia, prompting calls for the prime minister to resign.

The two nations have been fighting over the region, also known as Artsakh by ethnic Armenians, after Azerbaijan attacked the territory to regain control. Internationally, Nagorno-Karabakh is recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but 30-years-ago the ethnic Armenian controlled region declared independence and has been protected by Armenia since.

Over the past month, fighting has escalated with both sides accusing the other of are serious war crimes. Stepanakert, Artsakh’s capital and most populous city, has been consistently shelled by Azerbaijan, leaving whole blocks destroyed and accusations that Azerbaijan targets civilians. While Armenia has been accused of using cluster munitions against Azeri civilians by Azeri authorities and the Humans Rights Watch.

Will This Peace Deal Last?

The brokered ceasefire went into effect at 1:00 p.m. local time on Tuesday. While past ceasefires fell apart within minutes, this version involves Russian soldiers being stationed in the combat zone; meaning the stakes of breaking the ceasefire are much higher.

Additionally, there are provisions that Azerbaijan has demanded since the conflict began, and they have been the instigators of past broken ceasefires. Some of the concessions Armenia agreed to were completely removing its military forces from Nagorno-Karabakh and another Azeri territory currently held by Armenia by December 1, 2020.

Azerbaijan will retain control of all territory held by its forces, as well as areas Armenia’s forces have been removed from per the agreement. Artsakh proper will still remain autonomous and its status was not decided by the agreement. Azerbaijan will also retain control of the culturally significant city of Shusha, known as Shushi by Armenians.

To keep the peace in the region, about 2,000 Russian troops and their equipment have entered the region in the last 24-hours to man the front lines and protect what is left of Artsakh, as well as occupy the Lachin Corridor. The Lachin region is used by Armenia to supply Artsakh. They will remain there for at least five years.

Lastly, Azerbaijan will get a roadway that will allow them to connect the main part of Azerbaijan to the stand-alone territory of Nakhchivan.

Reactions to the Agreement

The Armenian leader of Artsakh announced that the ceasefire was necessary and the terms unavoidable after they lost Shusha, which is only a handful of miles from Stepanakert. It was unavoidable because Susha commands the high ground, meaning Azeri forces could easily shell the capital.

The news of the ceasefire was met with very different reactions in each country.

In Azerbaijan, people took to the streets in celebration. Many Azeris have wanted to regain control of the region since losing it nearly 30 years ago, and its been a major political platform of President Ilham Ajiyev.

However, some weren’t completely happy with the deal and hoped Azerbaijan would take the entire region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Many also quoted Russia’s involvement as a source of disappointment. One man told Reuters, “I don’t trust the Armenians, but I trust the Russians even less.”

This same news was met with fury in Armenia. When Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced the ceasefire he wrote, “Dear compatriots, sisters and brothers. I personally made a very hard decision for me and all of us. I have signed a statement on the terminiaton of the Karabakh war with Russian and Azeribaijani presidents…”

“I made the decision as a result of a deep analysis of the military situation… Also based on the belief that this is the best solution in the current situation,” he continued.

“It’s not a victory, but there’s no defeat until you admit defeat.”

Within hours there were protests in Yerevan, the capital, and people quickly stormed the main government building.

People could be heard asking “Where is Nikol? Where is that traitor?”

Many Armenians and 17 political parties are demanding he resigns.

See What Others Are Saying: (Reuters) (New York Times) (NPR)

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200 Children Seeking Asylum in the U.K. Are Missing 

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The missing include at least 13 children under the age of 16. 


Children Missing From Hotels

There are 200 asylum-seeking children missing from government care in the United Kingdom according to the parliamentary undersecretary of state at the Home Office.

When children are seeking asylum in the U.K. alone or separated from their parents, the government puts them up in hotel rooms for temporary accommodation. They have done so since 2021 and have temporarily accommodated 4,600 children in that time. However, Simon Murray, the parliamentary undersecretary of state at the Home Office, said that 200 of the children placed in those hotels are missing, including at least 13 who are under the age of 16.

In response to this information, a collection of more than 100 charities sent a letter to the Prime Minister demanding the end of the procedure of placing kids in hotels over safety concerns. The letter says that these children are at risk of trafficking and exploitation by staying in these hotels alone.

Other officials have echoed these concerns, claiming these hotels are targets for organized crime where people use these vulnerable children for labor or trafficking.

Parliament Calls Incident “Horrific”

Murray told the House of Lords on Monday that despite the media reports, his department does not know of any kidnapping cases, though they are investigating. He went on to say there are many reasons why children go missing. 

However, lawmakers were not appeased by Murray’s assurances. In a later debate, one member of Parliament called the missing cases “horrific” and another said that it was “putting children at risk.”  The children’s commissioner for England also reportedly chimed in asking for, quote “assurances on the steps being taken to safeguard the children.” 

Murray went on to say that the use of hotels for asylum-seeking children will hopefully be phased out as soon as possible but did not give a timeline. 

The nonprofit Refugee Council called on the government in a tweet to spare no expense in the location of these missing kids.

See what others are saying: (Washington Post) (The Guardian) (The Telegraph)

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100,000 U.K. Nurses Launch Biggest Strike in NHS History

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Opposition leader Keir Starmer called the strike “a badge of shame on this government.”


The NHS Grinds to a Halt

Some 100,000 members of the Royal College of Nursing (RCN), the United Kingdom’s largest nursing union, launched a historic 12-hour strike Thursday after the government refused to negotiate on higher pay.

The work stoppage, which spans England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, is only the second in the RCN’s 106-year history and the largest the NHS has ever seen. It marks the breaking point for many underpaid nurses and the culmination of a years-long decline in the NHS’s quality of care, put under increasing stress by severe staffing shortages.

Although most NHS staff in England and Wales received a pay rise of around £1,400 this year, worth about 4% on average for nurses, they say it has not kept up with inflation as Britain plunges deeper into a cost-of-living crisis.

When inflation is accounted for, nurses’ pay dropped 1.2% every year from 2010 to 2017, according to the Health Foundation.

Meanwhile, the number of patients waiting for care has reached a record 7.2 million in England, or over one in eight residents, more than double what it was seven years ago.

In July, the cross-party Commons Health and Social Care Select Committee estimated the staffing shortfall could be as high as 50,000 nurses and 12,000 doctors, what one MP called the “greatest workforce crisis in history.”

Many nurses argue that boosting pay will help hospitals recruit more staff.

The RCN demanded a pay raise 5% above the retail rate of inflation, which amounts to a 19% increase, but both Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and the government’s health secretary have claimed that’s not affordable.

During Thursday’s strike, partial staffing continued to remain open for urgent care such as chemotherapy, kidney dialysis, and children’s accident and neonatal units.

Sunak and Starmer Brawl in Parliament

Labor leader Keir Starmer grilled Sunak during Wednesday’s Prime Minister’s Questions (PMQs) on the upcoming strike.

“Tomorrow will be the first-ever nationwide nurse’s strike,” he said. “All the Prime Minister has to do to stop that is to open the door and discuss pay with them. If he did, the whole country would breathe a sigh of relief. Why won’t he?”

“We have consistently spoken to all the unions involved in all the pay disputes that there are,” Sunak replied. “Last year, when everyone else in the public sector had a public sector pay freeze, the nurses received a three-percent pay rise.”

Starmer fired back: “Nurses going on strike is a badge of shame for this government. Instead of showing leadership, he’s playing games with people’s health.”

Sunak called Starmer’s demand that he reopen negotiations with the RCN “just simply a political formula for avoiding taking a position on this issue.”

“If he thinks the strikes are wrong, he should say so,” Sunak said. “If he thinks it’s right that pay demands of nineteen percent are met, then he should say so. What’s weak, Mr. Speaker, is he’s not strong enough to stand up to the union.”

While Starmer has called on Sunak to negotiate with the RCN, he has not explicitly backed the 19% pay raise himself.

Unless the government returns to the bargaining table, the RCN plans to launch a second round of strikes on Dec. 20 to be followed by ambulance strikes that Wednesday and the next.

If the government still refuses to budge, the union said in a statement that nurses will strike for longer periods in more places starting in January, disrupting more health services.

Other industries are also set to see work stoppages this month, including workers on railways, buses, highways, and borders, as well as teachers, postal workers, baggage handlers, and paramedics.

See what others are saying: (BBC) (CNN) (The Guardian)

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Fortnite Developer Sued By Parents for Making the Game as “Addictive as Possible”

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One child mentioned in the lawsuit played over 7,700 rounds of Fortnite in two years.


Epic Games Sued 

A Quebec City judge recently approved a 2019 class-action lawsuit accusing Fortnite developer Epic Games of deliberately making Fortnite addictive.

The parents who brought forward the lawsuit claim their children have become so obsessed with the game that in some cases, they’ve stopped eating, showering, or socializing. The lawsuit claims that these kids have played thousands of games since Fortnite’s release in 2017. In one example, a teenager played over 7,700 games in less than two years. 

If the lawsuit succeeds, players addicted to Fortnite living in Quebec since September 2017 could receive compensation. The plaintiff’s attorney, Philippe Caron, reports that over 200 parents outside the lawsuit have reached out to him, saying their child’s well-being has diminished since downloading Fortnite. He told The Washington Post that they are very confident about their case. 

Epic Games Responds

“We plan to fight this in court,” Natalie Munoz, a spokesperson for Epic Games said to The Post, “We believe the evidence will show that this case is meritless.” 

Munoz also said that Fortnite does allow parents to supervise their child’s playtime and require permission for purchases.

The parents involved in the lawsuit are claiming that they were not aware of the dangers playing Fortnite could pose for their children. 

“If she had been informed by the defendants of the risks and dangers associated with the use of FORTNITE,” the lawsuit says of one guardian. “She would have categorically refused to allow the game to be downloaded.” 

See what others are saying: (BBC) (The Washington Post) (Deadline

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