North Korea Cuts Ties With the South, Blows Up Inter-Korean Liaison Office
- Last week North Korea cut ties with South Korea, leading to fears of rising tensions on the peninsula
- On Tuesday, fears were further stoked when the country blew up an inter-Korean Liaison Office on the border.
- The North is mad about balloons traveling from the South that contain leaflets and information critical of the regime.
The North Cuts Ties
At 2:50 pm local time, people at Daeseong-dong – a village in South Korea that sits just across the border from Kaesong – heard a series of explosions. Surveillance footage and subsequent statements have revealed that North Korea destroyed the inter-Korean joint liaison office building. This is just the latest in a series of escalations the North has been engaged in since early June.
Prior to this, North Korea had declared South Korea an “enemy’ and cut off communication between the two nations at the beginning of the month.
The recent escalations started over balloons sent out by North Korean defectors living in the South. The existence of these defectors, and the South’s open embracing of them, adds a lot of tension to the relationship.
These balloons are also seen as a massive provocation by the North because of the content attached to them. Sometimes activists will attach USB’s with shows, movies, and news articles from the rest of the world. More often, though, it’s leaflets with anti-North Korea messaging and news.
North Korea claims that these balloons violate a 2018 deal made between Supreme Leader Kim Jong-Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-In.
After the last round of balloon at the end of May, North Korea finally reacted. On June 4th, Kim Yo-Jong, the Supreme Leader’s sister and de-facto second in command, had this to say about the balloons and the groups behind them in a statement on official North Korean news outlets.
“Human scum little short of wild animals who betrayed their own homeland are engrossed in such unbecoming acts to imitate men. They are sure to be called mongrel dogs as they bark in where they should not.”
“I would like to ask the south Korean authorities if they are ready to take care of the consequences of evil conduct done by the rubbish-like mongrel dogs who took no scruple to slander us while faulting the “nuclear issue” in the meanest way at the most untimely time.”
It’s unlikely that these balloons are the only thing to upset the North. They have a history of complaints against other actions they perceive as aggressive; notably the joint US-South Korean military drills held every year.
Relations have continued to sour since the last Kim-Trump summit in Vietnam. And as of June 16th, North Korea still haven’t haven’t answered multiple routine calls from different South Korean agencies and the military; putting talks that were started in 2018 back to square one.
However, South Korea has tried to adhere to the 2018 deal that prevented propaganda balloons from going north. In the past, the government would partake with their own balloons and other provocative acts – like playing music across the border. However, these recent balloons were from private groups, which complicate things because South Korea does allow for the freedom of speech and expression.
In the past the country has stated that because of those reasons, they wouldn’t take action. Just a day after Kim Yo-Jong issued her statement South Korea’s Ministry of Unification announced that they were taking the balloon-groups to court to get them to stop. The government also plans to move legislation forward that would ban the leaflets.
Joint Inter-Korean Liaison Office
This past weekend, we saw even further escalations when Kim Yo-Jong said: “Before long, a tragic scene of the useless North-South joint liaison office completely collapsed would be seen.”
That office has been officially closed since January over coronavirus concerns, but, in reality, it hasn’t been used since March 2019 after the failed Trump-Kim Vietnam summit. As of today the site as been destroyed.
The destruction caused the Blue House to host an emergency meeting about the situation, where afterwards officials said:
“The destruction … is an act that breaches the hope of all people wishing for the development of inter-Korean relations and a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula.”
“The government makes clear that all responsibility caused by this rests totally with the North Korean side. We sternly warn that if North Korea takes steps further aggravating the situation, we will respond strongly to it.”
This isn’t the first time North Korea has closed themselves off after opening up to negotiations. It’s also previously happened in 2010, 2013, and 2016.
Where is Kim Jong-Un?
Amid the escalations, there are rumors from as far back as April that Kim Jong-Un is either dead, sick, or hiding in a villa. As with many rumors out of North Korea, it’s hard to know for sure. There are have been statements from the leader, as well as photos and appearances that were allegedly taken recently.
This seems to contradict the reality that Kim Yo-Jong, his sister, seems to be making the decisions right now. Normally, official threats to South Korea are done by the Supreme Leader, not an underling.
Some experts don’t think this is because Kim Jong-Un is dead or sick, but rather a calculated move to bolster his sister’s credibility with other high-ranking officials and generals in North Korea.
North Korea is known for it’s extremely patriarchal society, and a woman in a high-ranking position is nearly underheard of. However, Kim Jong-Un may have a soft spot for his sister, in addition to the fact that leadership in North Korea is a family affair.
Both Jong-Un and Yo-Jong both spent many years in Switzerland together during their youth to be educated. Other photos and videos seem to show the two working closely together.
So it’s possible that these recent statements are a move by the Paektdu blood-line, the decedents of Kim Il-Sung, to secure their hold on the country.
See what others are saying: (Yonhap News) (Chosun Ilbo) (Financial Times)
95-Year-Old Woman Dies After Police Tases Her in Nursing Home
The officer involved was suspended with pay and charged with assault.
A 95-year-old Australian woman whom police tasered in a nursing home last week has reportedly died from her injuries.
Clare Nowland, who had dementia and required a walking frame to stand up and move, was living at the Yallambee Lodge in Cooma in southeastern Australia.
At about 4:15 a.m. on May 17, police and paramedics responded to a report of a woman standing outside her room with a steak knife.
They encountered Nowland, then reportedly tried to negotiate with her for several minutes, but she didn’t drop the knife.
The five-foot-two, 95-pound woman walked toward the two officers “at a slow pace,” police said at a news conference, so one of them tasered her.
She fell to the floor and reportedly suffered a fractured skull and a severe brain bleed, causing her to be hospitalized in critical condition.
Nowland passed away in a hospital surrounded by her family, the New South Wales police confirmed in a statement today.
After a week-long investigation, the police force also said that the senior constable involved would appear in court next week to face charges of recklessly causing grievous bodily harm, assault occasioning actual bodily harm, and common assault.
NSW police procedure states that tasers should not be used against elderly or disabled people absent exceptional circumstances.
Following the incident, community members, activists, and disability rights advocates expressed bewilderment and anger at what they called an unnecessary use of force, and some are now questioning why law enforcement took so long to prosecute the officer involved.
See what others are saying: (Reuters) (The New York Times) (CNN)
U.K. Police Face Backlash After Arresting Anti-Monarchy Protesters
London Mayor Sadiq Khan said that some of the arrests “raise questions” and “investigations are ongoing.”
The Public Order Act
A controversial protest crackdown law in the U.K. is facing criticism after dozens of anti-monarchy protesters were arrested during the coronation ceremony in London over the weekend.
The law, dubbed the “Public Order Act” was passed roughly a week ahead of the coronation for King Charles III. It gives police more power to restrict protesters and limits the tactics protesters can use in public spaces. It was condemned by human rights groups upon its passing, and is facing a new round of heat after 52 people were arrested over coronation protests on Saturday.
In a statement, the Metropolitan Police said protesters were arrested for public order offenses, breach of the peace and conspiracy to cause a public nuisance. The group said it gave advance warning that its “tolerance for any disruption, whether through protest or otherwise, will be low and that we would deal robustly with anyone intent on undermining the celebration.”
It is currently unclear how many of those arrested were detained specifically for violating the Public Order Act, however, some of those arrested believe the new law was used against them.
“Make no mistake. There is no longer a right to peaceful protest in the UK,” Graham Smith, the CEO of anti-monarchy group Republic tweeted after getting arrested. “I have been told many times the monarch is there to defend our freedoms. Now our freedoms are under attack in his name.”
An Attempt to “Diminish” Protests
During a BBC Radio interview, Smith also said he believes the dozens of arrests were premeditated.
“There was nothing that we did do that could possibly justify even being detained and arrested and held,” Smith claimed.
“The whole thing was a deliberate attempt to disrupt and diminish our protest.”
Yasmine Ahmed, the U.K. Director of Human Rights Watch, also tweeted that the arrests were “disgraceful.”
“These are scenes you’d expect to see in Russia not the UK,” she wrote.
When asked about the controversy, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak told reporters officers should do “what they think is best” in an apparent show of support for the Metropolitan Police.
For his part, London Mayor Sadiq Khan said he is looking into the matter.
“Some of the arrests made by police as part of the Coronation event raise questions and whilst investigations are ongoing, I’ve sought urgent clarity from Met leaders on the action taken,” Khan tweeted.
See what others are saying: (The Guardian) (CNN) (The Washington Post)
Foreign Nationals Make Mad Dash out of Sudan as Conflict Rages
The conflict’s death toll has surpassed 420, with nearly 4,000 people wounded.
As the 10-day-long power struggle between rival generals tore Sudan apart, foreign governments with citizens in the country scrambled to evacuate them over the weekend.
On Sunday, U.S. special forces landed in the capital Khartoum and carried out nearly 100 American diplomats along with their families and some foreign nationals on helicopters.
An estimated 16,000 Americans, however, remain in the country and U.S. officials said in a statement that a broader evacuation mission would be too dangerous.
Christopher Maier, the assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity warfare, said in a statement that the Pentagon may assist U.S. citizens find safe routes out of Sudan.
“[The Defense Department] is at present considering actions that may include use of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities to be able to observe routes and detect threats,” he said.
Germany and France also reportedly pulled around 700 people out of the country.
More countries followed with similar efforts, including the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Canada, China, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Indonesia.
Yesterday, a convoy carrying some 700 United Nations, NGO, and embassy staff drove to Port Sudan, a popular extraction point now that the airport in Khartoum has closed due to fighting.
Reports of gunmen prowling the capital streets and robbing people trying to escape, as well as looters breaking into abandoned homes and shops, have persuaded most residents to stay indoors.
Heavy gunfire, airstrikes, and artillery shelling have terrorized the city despite several proposed ceasefires.
Over the weekend, the reported death toll topped 420, with nearly 4,000 people injured, though both numbers are likely to be undercounted.