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North Korea Cuts Ties With the South, Blows Up Inter-Korean Liaison Office

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Photo by Jorge Silva for the Associated Press
  • Last week North Korea cut ties with South Korea, leading to fears of rising tensions on the peninsula
  • On Tuesday, fears were further stoked when the country blew up an inter-Korean Liaison Office on the border.
  • The North is mad about balloons traveling from the South that contain leaflets and information critical of the regime.

The North Cuts Ties

At 2:50 pm local time, people at Daeseong-dong – a village in South Korea that sits just across the border from Kaesong – heard a series of explosions. Surveillance footage and subsequent statements have revealed that North Korea destroyed the inter-Korean joint liaison office building. This is just the latest in a series of escalations the North has been engaged in since early June.

Prior to this, North Korea had declared South Korea an “enemy’ and cut off communication between the two nations at the beginning of the month.

The recent escalations started over balloons sent out by North Korean defectors living in the South. The existence of these defectors, and the South’s open embracing of them, adds a lot of tension to the relationship.

These balloons are also seen as a massive provocation by the North because of the content attached to them. Sometimes activists will attach USB’s with shows, movies, and news articles from the rest of the world. More often, though, it’s leaflets with anti-North Korea messaging and news.

North Korea claims that these balloons violate a 2018 deal made between Supreme Leader Kim Jong-Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-In.

After the last round of balloon at the end of May, North Korea finally reacted. On June 4th, Kim Yo-Jong, the Supreme Leader’s sister and de-facto second in command, had this to say about the balloons and the groups behind them in a statement on official North Korean news outlets.

“Human scum little short of wild animals who betrayed their own homeland are engrossed in such unbecoming acts to imitate men. They are sure to be called mongrel dogs as they bark in where they should not.”

“I would like to ask the south Korean authorities if they are ready to take care of the consequences of evil conduct done by the rubbish-like mongrel dogs who took no scruple to slander us while faulting the “nuclear issue” in the meanest way at the most untimely time.”

It’s unlikely that these balloons are the only thing to upset the North. They have a history of complaints against other actions they perceive as aggressive; notably the joint US-South Korean military drills held every year.

Relations have continued to sour since the last Kim-Trump summit in Vietnam. And as of June 16th, North Korea still haven’t haven’t answered multiple routine calls from different South Korean agencies and the military; putting talks that were started in 2018 back to square one.

However, South Korea has tried to adhere to the 2018 deal that prevented propaganda balloons from going north. In the past, the government would partake with their own balloons and other provocative acts – like playing music across the border. However, these recent balloons were from private groups, which complicate things because South Korea does allow for the freedom of speech and expression.

In the past the country has stated that because of those reasons, they wouldn’t take action. Just a day after Kim Yo-Jong issued her statement South Korea’s Ministry of Unification announced that they were taking the balloon-groups to court to get them to stop. The government also plans to move legislation forward that would ban the leaflets.

Joint Inter-Korean Liaison Office

This past weekend, we saw even further escalations when Kim Yo-Jong said: “Before long, a tragic scene of the useless North-South joint liaison office completely collapsed would be seen.”

That office has been officially closed since January over coronavirus concerns, but, in reality, it hasn’t been used since March 2019 after the failed Trump-Kim Vietnam summit. As of today the site as been destroyed.

The destruction caused the Blue House to host an emergency meeting about the situation, where afterwards officials said:

“The destruction … is an act that breaches the hope of all people wishing for the development of inter-Korean relations and a lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula.”

“The government makes clear that all responsibility caused by this rests totally with the North Korean side. We sternly warn that if North Korea takes steps further aggravating the situation, we will respond strongly to it.”

This isn’t the first time North Korea has closed themselves off after opening up to negotiations. It’s also previously happened in 2010, 2013, and 2016.

Where is Kim Jong-Un?

Amid the escalations, there are rumors from as far back as April that Kim Jong-Un is either dead, sick, or hiding in a villa. As with many rumors out of North Korea, it’s hard to know for sure. There are have been statements from the leader, as well as photos and appearances that were allegedly taken recently.

This seems to contradict the reality that Kim Yo-Jong, his sister, seems to be making the decisions right now. Normally, official threats to South Korea are done by the Supreme Leader, not an underling.

Some experts don’t think this is because Kim Jong-Un is dead or sick, but rather a calculated move to bolster his sister’s credibility with other high-ranking officials and generals in North Korea.

North Korea is known for it’s extremely patriarchal society, and a woman in a high-ranking position is nearly underheard of. However, Kim Jong-Un may have a soft spot for his sister, in addition to the fact that leadership in North Korea is a family affair.

Both Jong-Un and Yo-Jong both spent many years in Switzerland together during their youth to be educated. Other photos and videos seem to show the two working closely together.

So it’s possible that these recent statements are a move by the Paektdu blood-line, the decedents of Kim Il-Sung, to secure their hold on the country.

See what others are saying: (Yonhap News) (Chosun Ilbo) (Financial Times)

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Russia Takes Over 900 Azovstal Fighters Prisoner as Mariupol Surrenders

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Ukraine said the soldiers successfully completed their mission, but the fall of Mariupol represents a strategic win for Putin.


Azovstal Waves the White Flag

Russia’s foreign ministry announced on Wednesday that it had captured 959 Ukrainians from the Azovstal steelworks, where besieged soldiers have maintained the last pocket of resistance in Mariupol for weeks.

A ministry spokesperson said in a statement that 51 were being treated for injuries, and the rest were sent to a former prison colony in the town of Olenivka in a Russian-controlled area of Donetsk.

The defense ministry released videos of what it claimed were Ukrainian fighters receiving care at a hospital in the Russian-controlled town of Novoazovsk. In one, a soldier tells the camera he is being treated “normally” and that he is not being psychologically pressured, though it is unclear whether he is speaking freely.

It was unclear if any Ukrainians remained in Azovstal, but Denis Pushilin, the head of the self-proclaimed republic of Donetsk, said in a statement Wednesday that the “commanders of the highest level” were still hiding in the plant.

Previously, estimates put the number of soldiers inside Azovstal around 1,000.

Ukraine officially gave up Mariupol on Monday, when the first Azovstal fighters began surrendering.

Reuters filmed dozens of wounded Ukrainians being driven away in buses marked with the Russian pro-war “Z” symbol.

Ukraine’s deputy defense minister said in a Tuesday statement that the Ukrainian prisoners would be swapped in an exchange for captured Russians. But numerous Russian officials have signaled that the Ukrainian soldiers should be tried.

Mariupol Falls into Russian Hands

After nearly three months of bombardment that left Mariupol in ruins, Russia’s combat mission in the city has ended.

The sprawling complex of underground tunnels, caverns, and bunkers beneath Azovstal provided a defensible position for the Ukrainians there, and they came to represent the country’s resolve in the face of Russian aggression for many spectators.

Earlier this month, women, children, and the elderly were evacuated from the plant.

The definitive capture of Mariupol, a strategic port city, is a loss for Ukraine and a boon for Russia, which can now establish a land bridge between Crimea and parts of Eastern Ukraine controlled by Russian separatists. The development could also free up Russian troops around Mariupol to advance on the East, while additional reinforcements near Kharkiv descend from the north, potentially cutting off Ukrainian forces from the rest of the country.

The Ukrainian military has framed events in Mariupol as at least a partial success, arguing that the defenders of Azovstal completed their mission by tying down Russian troops and resources in the city and giving Ukrainians elsewhere more breathing room.

It claimed that doing so prevented Russia from rapidly capturing the city of Zaporizhzhia further to the west.

See what others are saying: (The Guardian) (BBC) (BBC)

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Convoy of Up to 1,000 Vehicles Evacuates Refugees From Mariupol as Russian War Effort Stalls

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Russia may have lost a third of its ground invasion force since the war began, according to British military intelligence.


Hundreds Make It Out Alive

A convoy of between 500 and 1,000 vehicles evacuating refugees from the southern port city of Mariupol arrived safely in the Ukrainian-controlled city of Zaporizhzhia on Saturday.

People have been trickling out of Mariupol for over two months, but the recent evacuation was the single biggest out of the city thus far. Russian troops, who control most of the city, did not allow the convoy to leave for days, but eventually, they relented.

The convoy first traveled to Berbyansky some 80 kilometers to the west, then stopped at other settlements before driving 200 kilometers northwest to Zaporizhzhia. Many refugees told reporters they took “secret detours” to avoid Russian checkpoints and feared every moment of the journey.

Nikolai Pavlov, a 74-year-old retiree, told Reuters he had lived in a basement for a month after his apartment was destroyed.

“We barely made it,” he said. “There were lots of elderly people among us… the trip was devastating. But it was worth it.”

63-year-old Iryna Petrenko also said she had stayed in Mariupol initially to take care of her 92-year-old mother, who subsequently died.

“We buried her next to her house, because there was nowhere to bury anyone,” she said.

Putin’s Plans Go Poorly

In Mariupol, Ukrainian fighters continue to hold the Azovstal steelworks, the only part of the city still under Ukrainian control.

On Sunday, a video emerged appearing to show a hail of projectiles bursting into white, brightly burning munitions over the factory.

The pro-Russian separatist who posted it on Telegram wrote, “If you didn’t know what it is and for what purpose – you could say that it’s even beautiful.”

Turkey is trying to negotiate an evacuation of wounded Ukrainians from the factory, but neither Russia nor Ukraine have agreed to any plan.

After nearly three months of war, Mariupol has been left in ruins, with thousands of civilians reportedly dead.

“In less than 3 month, Mariupol, one of Ukraine’s fastest developing & comfortable cities, was reduced into a heap of charred ruins smelling death, with thousands of people standing in long breadlines and selling their properties out to buy some food. Less than three months,” Illia Ponomarenko, a reporter for The Kyiv Independent, tweeted.

On Sunday, the United Kingdom’s defense ministry estimated that Russia has likely lost a third of its ground invasion forces since the war began.

Moscow is believed to have deployed as many as 150,000 troops in Ukraine.

The ministry added that Russian forces in Eastern Ukraine have “lost momentum” and are “significantly behind schedule.” Moreover, it said Russia failed to achieve substantial territorial gains over the last month while sustaining “consistently high levels of attrition.”

“Under the current conditions, Russia is unlikely to dramatically accelerate its rate of advance over the next 30 days,” the ministry concluded.

Sweden also signaled on Sunday that it will join Finland in applying for NATO membership.

See what others are saying: (The Daily Beast) (U.S. News and World Report) (The Hill)

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Israel Moves to Build Over 4,000 West Bank Settlements as Palestinian Homes Demolished

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The Israeli military is proceeding with a plan to evict at least 1,000 Palestinians from the West Bank.


Settlers Get Ready to Move in

On Thursday, a military planning body in the Israeli-occupied West Bank approved the construction of 4,427 housing units, according to the watchdog group Peace Now.

“The State of Israel took another stumble toward the abyss and further deepened the occupation,” Hagit Ofran, an expert at Peace Now, said via the Associated Press.

The plan is the largest advancement of settlement projects since President Joe Biden took office in the United States.

The U.S. opposes settlement expansion and said as much when the plan was first announced last week, but critics say Washington has done little to pressure Israel to stop.

In a statement, U.N. Mideast envoy Tor Wennesland called the settlements a “major obstacle to peace.”

“Continued settlement expansion further entrenches the occupation, encroaches upon Palestinian land and natural resources, and hampers the free movement of the Palestinian population,” he said.

In October, Israel approved some 3,000 settlement homes despite a U.S. rebuke. There are currently over 130 Israeli settlements in the West Bank harboring almost 500,000 settlers, in addition to the nearly three million Palestinians living in the territory.

Palestinians Pushed Off Their Land

On Wednesday, the same day Israeli soldiers allegedly shot and killed Al-Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh, the military demolished at least 18 buildings in the West Bank, including 12 residential ones.

Israel’s supreme court has also ruled that eight Palestinian hamlets can be expelled, potentially leaving at least 1,000 Palestinians homeless.

The area targeted is known as the Masafer Yatta, and its residents say they have been herding animals and practicing traditional desert agriculture there for decades, long before Israel took over the West Bank in 1967. Israel, however, claims there were no permanent structures there before the military designated it a firing zone in the 1980s

“What’s happening now is ethnic cleansing,” Sami Huraini, an activist and a resident of the area, told the Associated Press. “The people are staying on their land and have already started to rebuild.”

See what others are saying: (Associated Press) (Peace Now) (Associated Press)

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