Germany Bans Gay Conversion Therapy for Minors
- Germany’s parliament approved a new law Thursday that bans the practice and advertisement of so-called gay “conversion therapy” for minors.
- Parents or guardians who force children to undergo the practice through deception, coercion, or threats can also face punishments.
- Violators could be hit with a fine of up to 30,000 euros (about $33,000) or face imprisonment for up to one year.
- Though it has received much praise, some have criticized the bill, saying that it fails to protect young adults between the ages of 18 and 26.
Germany has become the latest country to ban gay “conversion therapy” for those below the age of 18.
In December of last year, Germany’s Cabinet backed a bill banning the widely discredited practice, which aims to change a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity. The country’s parliament then voted Thursday to pass the legislation as well.
Along with a ban on the practice against minors, the legislation also prohibits advertisements for it. Parents and legal guardians can even be punished for making children take part through deception, coercion, or threats.
Violators could be hit with a fine of up to 30,000 euros ($33,000) or face imprisonment for up to one year.
Punishments for those who coerce minors into the practice are major. A 2019 survey by OutRight Action International, a global human rights organization, found that a third of people around the globe who have undergone conversion therapy chose to do it for themselves, while two-thirds were coerced.
Lawmakers Push for the Ban
Conversion therapy practices can sometimes include hypnosis and electric shocks, but experts say the word ‘therapy’ is misleading because there is no scientific basis for it. In fact, conversion therapy has been associated with suicidal ideation and attempts, as well as drug abuse and depression.
Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn, the Christian Democrat party’s most prominent gay politician, said in a statement, “Homosexuality is not a disease. Therefore the name therapy alone is misleading,”
“This so-called therapy makes people sick and not better. The ban is also an important signal from society to all those who are unsure about their homosexuality: It is okay to be the way you are,” he added.
Criticism of Bill’s Age Restriction
While the bill has been widely applauded, some argue that it does no go far enough.
A few members of Germany’s left-wing opposition refused to support the measure because it included just minors under the age of 18. Instead, they hoped the bill would use the traditional societal category of “youth,” which extends to persons 26 or younger.
Gabriela Lünsmann of Germany’s Lesbian and Gay Association (LSVD) is one who agreed that the age limit should be raised. She also objected to the inclusion of the phrase “treatment performed on humans,” which she and her organization said “has a positive connotation and suggests a promise of healing and an achievable treatment goal.”
But Spahn defended the ban ahead of the vote in the Bundestag, saying he wanted a law that could easily withstand legal challenges.
“I want a ban which will be robust, including if it’s brought before the courts,” he said.
He did not give other specifics about the reason for these age limits, but under German law, it’s easier to protect minors. Legal justifications became more tricky for adults when freedom of speech and conscience laws are taken into account.
“Young people are being forced into conversion therapies,” Spahn explained, “and so it is very important that they should find support in the existence of this law: a clear signal that the state does not want this to happen.”
Germany is now the fifth nation to pass such a ban, following decisions from Malta, Ecuador, Brazil, and Taiwan, according to OutRight Action International. In the U.S. about 20 states and several cities have banned the practice for minors. Some members of Congress have even pushed for the ban to be established on a federal level.
“So-called conversion therapy efforts are based on the belief that cis-gender heterosexuality is the norm, and transgender identities and same-sex attraction not only fall outside the norm, but have to be changed, if need be by brutal, inhuman force,” the group’s executive director Jessica Stern said in a statement.
“The German Bundestag took an incredibly important step today – by banning ‘conversion therapy’ it sent a powerful message that LGBTIQ people are not in need of change or cure.”
See what others are saying: (CNN) (BBC) (DW)
95-Year-Old Woman Dies After Police Tases Her in Nursing Home
The officer involved was suspended with pay and charged with assault.
A 95-year-old Australian woman whom police tasered in a nursing home last week has reportedly died from her injuries.
Clare Nowland, who had dementia and required a walking frame to stand up and move, was living at the Yallambee Lodge in Cooma in southeastern Australia.
At about 4:15 a.m. on May 17, police and paramedics responded to a report of a woman standing outside her room with a steak knife.
They encountered Nowland, then reportedly tried to negotiate with her for several minutes, but she didn’t drop the knife.
The five-foot-two, 95-pound woman walked toward the two officers “at a slow pace,” police said at a news conference, so one of them tasered her.
She fell to the floor and reportedly suffered a fractured skull and a severe brain bleed, causing her to be hospitalized in critical condition.
Nowland passed away in a hospital surrounded by her family, the New South Wales police confirmed in a statement today.
After a week-long investigation, the police force also said that the senior constable involved would appear in court next week to face charges of recklessly causing grievous bodily harm, assault occasioning actual bodily harm, and common assault.
NSW police procedure states that tasers should not be used against elderly or disabled people absent exceptional circumstances.
Following the incident, community members, activists, and disability rights advocates expressed bewilderment and anger at what they called an unnecessary use of force, and some are now questioning why law enforcement took so long to prosecute the officer involved.
See what others are saying: (Reuters) (The New York Times) (CNN)
U.K. Police Face Backlash After Arresting Anti-Monarchy Protesters
London Mayor Sadiq Khan said that some of the arrests “raise questions” and “investigations are ongoing.”
The Public Order Act
A controversial protest crackdown law in the U.K. is facing criticism after dozens of anti-monarchy protesters were arrested during the coronation ceremony in London over the weekend.
The law, dubbed the “Public Order Act” was passed roughly a week ahead of the coronation for King Charles III. It gives police more power to restrict protesters and limits the tactics protesters can use in public spaces. It was condemned by human rights groups upon its passing, and is facing a new round of heat after 52 people were arrested over coronation protests on Saturday.
In a statement, the Metropolitan Police said protesters were arrested for public order offenses, breach of the peace and conspiracy to cause a public nuisance. The group said it gave advance warning that its “tolerance for any disruption, whether through protest or otherwise, will be low and that we would deal robustly with anyone intent on undermining the celebration.”
It is currently unclear how many of those arrested were detained specifically for violating the Public Order Act, however, some of those arrested believe the new law was used against them.
“Make no mistake. There is no longer a right to peaceful protest in the UK,” Graham Smith, the CEO of anti-monarchy group Republic tweeted after getting arrested. “I have been told many times the monarch is there to defend our freedoms. Now our freedoms are under attack in his name.”
An Attempt to “Diminish” Protests
During a BBC Radio interview, Smith also said he believes the dozens of arrests were premeditated.
“There was nothing that we did do that could possibly justify even being detained and arrested and held,” Smith claimed.
“The whole thing was a deliberate attempt to disrupt and diminish our protest.”
Yasmine Ahmed, the U.K. Director of Human Rights Watch, also tweeted that the arrests were “disgraceful.”
“These are scenes you’d expect to see in Russia not the UK,” she wrote.
When asked about the controversy, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak told reporters officers should do “what they think is best” in an apparent show of support for the Metropolitan Police.
For his part, London Mayor Sadiq Khan said he is looking into the matter.
“Some of the arrests made by police as part of the Coronation event raise questions and whilst investigations are ongoing, I’ve sought urgent clarity from Met leaders on the action taken,” Khan tweeted.
See what others are saying: (The Guardian) (CNN) (The Washington Post)
Foreign Nationals Make Mad Dash out of Sudan as Conflict Rages
The conflict’s death toll has surpassed 420, with nearly 4,000 people wounded.
As the 10-day-long power struggle between rival generals tore Sudan apart, foreign governments with citizens in the country scrambled to evacuate them over the weekend.
On Sunday, U.S. special forces landed in the capital Khartoum and carried out nearly 100 American diplomats along with their families and some foreign nationals on helicopters.
An estimated 16,000 Americans, however, remain in the country and U.S. officials said in a statement that a broader evacuation mission would be too dangerous.
Christopher Maier, the assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity warfare, said in a statement that the Pentagon may assist U.S. citizens find safe routes out of Sudan.
“[The Defense Department] is at present considering actions that may include use of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities to be able to observe routes and detect threats,” he said.
Germany and France also reportedly pulled around 700 people out of the country.
More countries followed with similar efforts, including the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Canada, China, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Indonesia.
Yesterday, a convoy carrying some 700 United Nations, NGO, and embassy staff drove to Port Sudan, a popular extraction point now that the airport in Khartoum has closed due to fighting.
Reports of gunmen prowling the capital streets and robbing people trying to escape, as well as looters breaking into abandoned homes and shops, have persuaded most residents to stay indoors.
Heavy gunfire, airstrikes, and artillery shelling have terrorized the city despite several proposed ceasefires.
Over the weekend, the reported death toll topped 420, with nearly 4,000 people injured, though both numbers are likely to be undercounted.