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2020 Olympics Will Be Postponed, IOC Member Says

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  • An International Olympic Committee member told USA Today on Monday that the 2020 Tokyo Games will be postponed.
  • Facing a surge of pressure amidst the worsening coronavirus pandemic, the IOC announced Sunday that it was considering this move.
  • Shortly after the announcement, Canada said it’s pulling its athletes from the Games if they take place this summer.
  • Australia made a similar move, saying it is not ready to assemble a team considering the current circumstances.
  • The IOC as a whole has not officially announced the postponement or details but said it would finalize decisions in the next four weeks.

IOC Considers Postponement

Pressure has been mounting against Olympic officials to reconsider the July commencement of the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo as the deadly coronavirus continues to infect populations around the globe. 

On Sunday, the International Olympic Committee said it is considering postponing the Games. This announcement came after Norway’s Olympic Committee, Brazil’s Olympic Committee, USA Track and Field, USA Swimming, and others pushed for the delay as the public health crisis grows. 

“The IOC will, in full coordination and partnership with the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee, the Japanese authorities and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, start detailed discussions to complete its assessment of the rapid development of the worldwide health situation and its impact on the Olympic Games, including the scenario of postponement,” the committee said in a statement

The committee said it would finalize these decisions within the next four weeks.  

The IOC also noted that they are ruling out the option of canceling the Games altogether, saying that doing so “would not solve any of the problems or help anybody.”

In a letter to the athletes around the globe, IOC President Thomas Bach reiterated this sentiment, saying a total cancellation would destroy their Olympic dreams. Bach also outlined some of the hardships the Olympics community would face if the Games were delayed.  

“A number of critical venues needed for the Games could potentially not be available anymore. The situations with millions of nights already booked in hotels is extremely difficult to handle, and the international sports calendar for at least 33 Olympic sports would have to be adapted,” he wrote. “These are just a few of many, many more challenges.”

Canada and Australia Pull Out

Following the IOC’s news of possible postponement, Canada made a big announcement of their own on Sunday, becoming the first nation to pull its athletes from the Olympic Games this summer.

The Canadian Olympic Committee (COC) and Canadian Paralympic Committee (CPC) announced their joint decision in a press release late Sunday night, urging for the Games to be postponed one year. 

“While we recognize the inherent complexities around a postponement, nothing is more important than the health and safety of our athletes and the world community,” the Canadian committees said.

The COC and CPC added that they are grateful for the IOC’s decision to not cancel the event entirely. 

The Australian Olympic Committee swiftly followed suit after their executive board members held a virtual conference on Monday and unanimously agreed that “an Australian Team could not be assembled in the changing circumstances at home and abroad.”

“We have athletes based overseas, training at central locations around Australia as teams and managing their own programs. With travel and other restrictions this becomes an untenable situation,” AOC CEO Matt Carroll said. 

The committee said that Australian athletes should prepare for the Olympics Games in the summer of 2021. 

Uncertainty Carries On

Though Canada and Australia are calling for the Games to be pushed back a year, it’s not yet clear if that will be the case if there is a postponement at all.

Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee President Yoshiro Mori implied that he wasn’t considering a very long delay for the Games.

“Whether it’s delayed by one month, three months or five months, we need to run simulations of the impact,” Mori said at a press conference on Monday.

“We are 2020 so that is the direction for now,” he added. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe weighed in on the topic during a parliamentary session on Monday.

“If it is difficult to hold [the games] in a complete way, a decision of postponement would be unavoidable,” Abe said, adding that he hopes the IOC comes to a decision soon.

On Monday, USA Today reported that International Olympic Committee member Dick Pound confirmed that the Games would indeed be postponed. 

“On the basis of the information the IOC has, postponement has been decided,” Pound said in an interview. “The parameters going forward have not been determined, but the Games are not going to start on July 24, that much I know.”

Pound said the announcement of the next steps will be rolled out. 

“It will come in stages,” he said. “We will postpone this and begin to deal with all the ramifications of moving this, which are immense.”

When USA Today asked for an IOC response and referenced Pound’s remarks, a spokesperson said: “It is the right of every IOC member to interpret the decision of the IOC executive board which was announced yesterday.”

The IOC has not officially added to their news of considering postponement and hammering out details over the next month.

Some have expressed their unhappiness with the projected decision timeline of 4 weeks. Among these people was Hugh Robertson, chairman of the British Olympic Association.

“We urge rapid decision-making for the sake of athletes who still face significant uncertainty,” Robertson told The New York Times. “Restrictions now in place have removed the ability of athletes to compete on a level playing field, and it simply does not seem appropriate to continue on the present course toward the Olympic Games in the current environment.”

The IOC’s decision affects many parties who have shared concern about how they can adequately prepare for the Games if the dates are up in the air. This includes sponsors who are spending millions of dollars on advertising, broadcasting networks who plan to air the events, and players in the travel and hospitality industries who are organizing people’s trips and stay in Tokyo. 

And as Robertson emphasized, as the heart of the Games, athletes want a decision as soon as possible. Some Olympic training facilities have closed as the coronavirus worsens and major qualifying events have been canceled. Athletes are facing the conflicting decision of continuing their rigorous training or heeding orders to stay home. 

“So many people feel that if there was an answer then we would know what to do,” Kathleen Baker, a gold and silver medalist in swimming at the 2016 Olympics, told The New York Times.

Baker is not the only Olympian demanding answers. Lolo Johnson, a U.S. Olympic hurdler, is among those urging the IOC to make a decision. 

“It’s tearing athletes apart,” Jones told the Associated Press. “We want to be like everyone else. We want to be healthy, responsible citizens. But we’re also afraid the IOC is going to say, in a month, that the games are on, and, what, hopefully you’re going to still be in shape?”

See what others are saying: (New York Times) (CNN) (The Hill)

International

Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Paper Apple Daily Forced To Shut Down Under Government Pressure

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Over the last week, Apple Daily has been dealing with the fallout of authorities raiding its offices, arresting its leadership, freezing most of its assets, and leaving it unable to pay employees.


End of Hong Kong Staple

Apple Daily, one of Hong Kong’s most popular papers, announced Wednesday that it would be shutting down starting Thursday.

The news is a major blow to journalism in the city, as Apple Daily was a prominent, independent news outlet that was willing to feature both pro-unification and pro-democracy editorials. It was also known for making its own headlines in its clashes with Beijing and Hong Kong authorities.

The series of events that led to its closure first began last week when over 500 police descended on Apple Daily’s offices to confiscate documents and arrest executives, as well as editors. Authorities also froze over $1,000,000 in assets.

Officials accused the paper of violating Article 28 of the controversial National Security law by advocating for foreign countries to interfere in Chinese affairs and impose sanctions on the mainland and Hong Kong governments. Authorities also arrested one of the paper’s journalists for writing pro-democracy editorials Wednesday morning.

After last week’s raid, Apple Daily said it would continue to publish papers, but following a week of struggling to pay staff and overcome the frozen assets, it was effectively forced to close its doors.

Lamenting the Loss

Around the world, governments and activists have lamented that the Chinese government managed to so quickly and effectively kill a paper and lessen the city’s journalistic landscape. Dominic Raab, the U.K.’s foreign minister, said, “The forced closure of Apple Daily by the Hong Kong authorities is a chilling blow to freedom of expression in Hong Kong.”

“It is crystal clear that the powers under the National Security Law are being used as a tool to curtail freedoms and punish dissent – rather than keep public order.”

The now-exiled in London, pro-democracy activist Nathan Law wrote on Twitter, “More than 1000 workers lost their jobs. A charity operated by Apple Daily that subsidizes underprivileged patients to pay for expensive patent drugs is also closed immediately. They lost all fundings. People lost more than a news channel that dares to speak differently.”

“The govt singlehanded created this tragedy. CCP does not tolerate truth and independent journalism. They crush our civil society, our proud tradition.”

After the paper ran its last video broadcast, Marco Cheung, one of the paper’s senior video reporters said during an interview in Hong Kong on Tuesday, “Is society changing too quickly or is it us that cannot keep up? Maybe we are used to a society with free speech and we have not adjusted yet.”

“We have not yet learned how we ought to survive if we want to stay in Hong Kong as journalists,” Cheung added.

A crowd of people went outside of Apple Daily’s offices on Wednesday to send off the paper, which has continued to remain popular despite the raid and saw its readership rise over the last week.

See what others are saying: (South China Morning Post) (The New York Times) (Reuters)

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Filipino President Threatens To Jail Those Who Refuse To Get Vaccinated Against COVID-19

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The leader’s remarks come after vaccine hesitancy studies indicated that nearly a third of Filipinos wouldn’t get vaccinated for COVID-19.


“Get Vaccinated or I Will Have You Jailed,” Duterte Warns

President of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte threatened to enact some of the strictest COVID-19 measures in the world in a televised address Monday night.

“You choose, get vaccinated or I will have you jailed…. I’m telling you, those police jail cells are filthy and foul-smelling, police are lazy in cleaning,” Duterte warned citizens.

“You get vaccinated, otherwise I will order all the village heads to have a tally of all the people who refuse to get vaccinated,” the president added.

Duterte is known for making hyperbolic comments and Monday’s remarks have possibly proven to be no different.

Justice Minister Menardo Guevarra told reporters Tuesday morning that there are no laws compelling people to get vaccinated. Meanwhile, presidential spokesperson Herminio Roque said vaccines still remain voluntary. Still, Roque noted that compulsory vaccinations were within the powers of the state if it chose to do so through legislation.

Frustration at Growing Crisis

Not all of Duterte’s stances were walked back by officials. His plans to halt in-person classes and enforce mandatory face coverings are still supported by Filipino officials and health experts. While Duterte’s comments come off as draconian, the president argues, “The first wave has really depleted the resources of [the] government. Another one would be disastrous for this country. That is why the stricter you are, the better.”

The Philippines is facing a massive health crisis and widespread vaccine hesitancy. One study from Social Weather Stations, a statistics company, indicated that while 51% of the country trusts the government’s evaluation of COVID-19 vaccines, a majority of people still wouldn’t get them. In May 2021, that same study asked Filipinos whether or not they would take a vaccine if it was approved by the FDA and given for free. A third of respondents said they were unsure, while another third flat out said they would refuse.

This hesitancy has led to low vaccination rates amid a large outbreak over the last two months that has left COVID-19 infection numbers high.

June has consistently seen roughly 7,000 new cases a day, a slight improvement from April and May, but still nearly six times as many daily infections as June 2020.

See what others are saying: (Bloomberg) (The New York Times) (CNN)

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Japan’s Government To Encourage 4-Day Workweek, Experts Doubt Implementation

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Most Japanese companies that offer a four-day workweek don’t pay for the extra day off, which is a major point of concern for employees who don’t want to lose out on income.


Four Days of Pay for Four Days of Work

The government of Japanese Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide finalized its annual economic policy guidelines on Friday, which included a push for a four-day workweek option.

The initiative is already facing some pushback by employers, employees, and experts in the country. Some major concerns include how a four-day workweek would be implemented. At the 8.3% of Japanese companies that currently offer an extra day off, that day off is usually unpaid, according to the Ministry of Labor. For those that use it, it’s effectively a pay cut — a major concern for many employees who don’t want to lose out on income.

That pay cut could indicate why it’s rarely used. Yahoo Japan, for instance, offers it and only 100 out of 7000 employees take the extra day off, though a company spokesperson told Kyodo News, “It has been favorably received in general, with some employees saying that it became easier to match their days off with their children’s activities.”

There are also concerns that the extra day off, and the pay cut associated with it, will lead employees to seek part-time jobs to make up for the lost income. Those second jobs could mean that employees effectively have less time off than before and could result in a decrease in productivity, countering any alleged benefits of a four-day workweek.

Despite these concerns, the government thinks offering a four-day workweek would be a net benefit for Japan. It hopes that people will use the extra day to procure other skill sets that will help them gain work in emerging technologies and markets. In general, the government wants to promote “diversified working styles.”

Experts like Yamada Hisashi, vice chairman of the Japan Research Institute, think that any move towards a four-day workweek needs to be clearly spelled out to avoid issues such as pay cuts that motivate employees to stick to five days a week. He told Kyodo News that there were also complications for managers, saying, “Let’s say, if employees take second jobs, it would be difficult for managers to know how long they work in total and to evaluate equally those who take two days off a week and those who take three.”

“From the employees’ standpoint, they would not want to see their income from their main jobs decrease.”

Mixed Implementation With Tangible Benefits

Another criticism of the plan is that the extra day off doesn’t address other societal pressures that cause work-life imbalances. Japanese employees work fewer hours than their Australian, Canadian, Italian, and American counterparts, according to the Organization for the Economic Co-Operation and Development.

However, those numbers usually fail to reflect events such as dinner and drinks with superiors late into the night as often as multiple times a week in some of the most extreme cases. While these events are technically voluntary, societal pressures and traditions dictate that subordinates need to attend or face ostracization.

A four-day workweek has some evidence providing tangible benefits for employers, but whether that means employees get paid the same or receive a pay cut differs from company to company and is one of the things experts want the government to make clear.

In Japan, Microsoft’s local subsidiary experimented with a four-day workweek in 2019 and found a 40% boost in worker productivity. On top of increased productivity, the company also saved 58% on paper, and electricity consumption went down 23%.

See what others are saying: (Kyodo News) (Japan Times) (The Mainichi)

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