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Putin Backs Proposal That Could Let Him Be President of Russia Until 2036

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  • Russian President Vladimir Putin has come out in support of a proposed amendment that could let him be president for another 12 years after his term ends in 2024.
  • Russia’s constitution currently limits the president to two consecutive terms, but the new law would reset Putin’s term-limit clock so he could run for a third consecutive term.
  • Putin said while he thinks Russia must become a country that changes presidents, they are not ready, and he needs to stay in power to maintain stability.
  • The law was passed by Russia’s lower chamber of parliament after Putin gave a speech in support of the move.

Putin’s New Plan

Russian President Vladimir Putin endorsed a constitutional amendment Tuesday that could let him stay in the presidency until 2036.

Russia’s constitution currently limits the president to two consecutive terms, and right now Putin is two years into his second six-year term, which is set to end in 2024.

The keyword here is “consecutive”— the constitution just says a president cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. But if a termed-out president sits out just one term, then they can run for re-election again.

This is something Putin has done before.

He served as president for two terms from 2000 to 2008, before the terms were changed from four to six years. When he was termed out, he stepped down and took over the role of prime minister under then-President Dmitry Medvedev.

Then in 2012, he was elected again, and Medvedev basically just switched places with Putin, taking over the role as prime minister.

Putin won again in 2018, but with his fourth term set to end in 2024, many wondered what he would do next. Of course, under Russia’s constitution, he could sit out another six-year term and then run for president again in 2030.

But Putin is currently 67, which means he would be 77 by the time he was eligible to run again in 2030. So while his next move was up in the air, most experts expected the president to try to consolidate his power in some way.

In January, he proposed a series of constitutional amendments that experts said were part of a clear effort to retain some kind of influence after his term.

Some of those amendments involved limiting the power of his successor to the presidency and expanding the power of other bodies outside of the presidency— which he would presumably take over.

Now, it seems like he has gone back on those plans, instead opting to just change the rules so he can stay in the most powerful position longer.

Constitutional Amendment

Tuesday’s events appeared to set that plan in motion, in a series of developments that many have described as highly choreographed.

This was evident from the get-go, when the idea was first proposed by Valentina Tereshkova, a popular member of parliament who is famous for being the first woman to go to space.

Tereshkova said that Russia should either scrap term limits altogether or pass an amendment that would basically reset Putin’s term-limit clock so he could run for a third consecutive term. 

“Given his enormous authority, this would be a stabilizing factor for our society,” the former cosmonaut argued.

That was reportedly met with applause and was followed by a call to Putin, who then made a rare appearance in parliament to express his support for resetting his term limits.

“The president is a guarantor of security of our state, its internal stability and evolutionary development,” he said. “We have had enough revolutions.”

“I’m sure that together, we will do many more great things, at least until 2024. Then, we will see,” he concluded.

Notably, Putin said did not want to scrap term limits altogether. Even more notably, he said the constitution should keep the two-term limit.

Putin asserted that he believes Russia must turn into a country that changes presidents regularly— just not now, because it is not ready. Shortly after that, the lower house of parliament approved the proposal by a large margin.

The law will now go to Russia’s Constitutional Court, which is all but assured to decide it is legal. From there it will go to the Russian people who will vote on it as a referendum on April 22 along with other proposed constitutional reforms.

If approved, Putin would get the green light to chance another 12 years in office— another 16 years, if you include 2020 through 2024.

Technically, Putin has not officially said that he will run, but given his remarks about how Russia is not ready for a new president yet, it would be a pretty good bet that he will.

See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (The Guardian) (The Associated Press)

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China Cautiously Crawls Out of Zero COVID Policy

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Estimates put the number of people who will die if China fully reopens between 1.3 and 2 million, but higher vaccination rates could limit the death toll.


People Go Back to Bars

The Chinese government has begun to ease some of its notoriously strict pandemic lockdown measures, signaling that the end of the “zero-COVID” policy may be on the horizon.

On Monday, commuters in Beijing and at least 16 other cities were allowed to board buses and subways without a virus test in the previous 48 hours for the first time in months.

In Shanghai, visitors to most sites will require a negative test within the last week, rather than the last two days, though schools, hospitals, and bars will require one within the past 48 hours.

Dining in restaurants in some parts of Beijing is still prohibited, but bars and restaurants in many areas of the country are reopening.

In Urumqi, where anti-lockdown protests erupted late last month after an apartment fire killed 10 people, authorities said in a statement Monday that malls, markets, and other venues will reopen.

Zhengzhou, the central city home to the world’s largest iPhone plant which was last month rocked by violent unrest, will no longer require COVID test results for public transport, taxis, and visits to “public areas”, authorities said in a Sunday statement.

Beijing authorities had required registration to purchase fever, cough, and soar throat medicine, which they believed people were using to hide their coronavirus infections, but that mandate has been lifted. Certain districts in the capital also announced that some residents may self-isolate inside their homes rather than being forced to quarantine in a centralized facility.

Is China Ready to Reopen?

Vice Premier Sun Chunlan, who oversees COVID efforts, said last week that the country’s health system had withstood the test of the virus and that the omicron subvariant is less deadly than previous strains.

But there has not been a significant drop in cases recently to prompt the easing of restrictions. On Monday, the government reported 30,014 new cases, down from last week’s peak of over 40,000 but still near record highs for China.

Some observers speculate that the government’s move was related to the recent protests, in which thousands of people poured onto the streets of several major cities to demand freedom and an end to the zero-COVID policy. Authorities cracked down on demonstrators, and any mention of the protests was rigorously censored on Chinese social media.

There was no sign of any significant unrest this weekend.

Although many people are excited to enjoy less restricted lives and restart a shuddered economy, others are concerned about the public health consequences reopening society could incur. Estimates put the number of people who will die from the coronavirus if China fully reopens between 1.3 and 2 million, but higher vaccination rates could limit the death toll.

Last week, the government launched a campaign to vaccinate the elderly population.

Only about 40% of people over the age of 80 have gotten their booster shot, according to official statistics.

Health experts and economists say vaccination rates and ICU preparedness won’t be sufficient to fully end the zero-COVID policy until mid-2023 or 2024.

See what others are saying: (BBC) (Associated Press) (Reuters)

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India Pedestrian Bridge Collapsed 4 Days After Renovations, Killing Over 100 People

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The company responsible for the upkeep of the Morbi bridge did not obtain a safety certificate before re-opening.


Bridge Collapses

After seven months of renovations, the Morbi walking bridge in India opened to the public. Four days later, the bridge collapsed, killing more than 130 people. 

According to the local government, there were about 200 people on the bridge when it collapsed on Sunday, despite its capacity of 125. 

During a campaign event on Monday, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the state government had set up a committee to investigate the tragedy.

“I assure the people of the country that there will be nothing lacking in the relief and rescue efforts,” he stated.

Along with the investigation, the state has launched a criminal complaint against Oreva Group, the company responsible for maintaining the bridge. Oreva Group reopened the bridge after renovations without getting a safety certificate from the government. 

Shifting Blame

In response, Oreva Group spoke to a local news outlet and blamed those on the bridge for its collapse.

“While we are waiting for more information, prima facie, the bridge collapsed as too many people in the mid-section of the bridge were trying to sway it from one way to the other,” the group claimed.

The state government has offered compensation for the families of the deceased, but that is not enough for some. One father whose wife and two children died in the collapse told VICE he wants answers and accountability.

“Why were so many people given tickets? Who allowed them? Who is answerable?” he asked.

Indian police have arrested nine people including ticketing clerks and security guards for failing to regulate the crowd, according to Reuters. 

See what others are saying: (Reuters) (VICE) (CNN)

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Xi Jinping Tightens Grip on China by Eliminating Rivals

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Despite the staggering power grab, Xi faces geopolitical competition from abroad as well as social and economic instability at home.


Xi Surrounds Himself With Allies

Chinese President Xi Jinping shook up politics over the weekend when he revealed the government’s new leadership, almost exclusively composed of his own hardline loyalists.

Six men — Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, and Li Xi — will form the Politburo Standing Committee, China’s top ruling body.

The four new members are all Xi loyalists, pushing out Premier Li Keqiang and the head of China’s top advisory body Wang Yang, two key party figures outside Xi’s inner circle who retired despite being eligible to serve another term.

For the first time in a quarter-century, China’s 24-member Politburo will be made up entirely of men, underlining the exclusion of women from Chinese politics.

An official account of the selection process said that a top criterion for leadership was loyalty to Xi, and rising officials must stay in lockstep with him “in thinking, politics and action.”

Topping off the developments, Xi officially secured an unprecedented third term as leader, something that was only made possible in 2018 when the government abolished term limits on the presidency. The weekend marked China’s greatest consolidation of political power in a single figure in decades.

As the 20th Communist Party Congress came to a close Saturday, China’s former leader Hu Jintao appeared reluctant as he was suddenly and inexplicably escorted from his seat next to Xi out of the Great Hall of the People.

Some commentators have argued that a tightly knit band of yes men may help Xi fend off internal party dissent, but it could ultimately result in poor governance as his subordinates fear giving him bad news.

The Arc of History Bends Toward China

Despite the extreme concentration of political power, China’s Communist Party stares down a gauntlet of challenges both foreign and domestic.

Beijing remains locked in a strategic competition with Washington, which has sought to contain the East Asian rival’s rise as a global superpower, but the past week’s congress may portend a stubbornly defiant China for years to come.

Xi is expected to use his firmly secure position within the party to pursue his agenda in full force — by strengthening Beijing’s claim over Taiwan, expanding China’s economic foothold in developing countries, and achieving self-sufficiency in strategic technologies such as semiconductors.

At home, China’s economy has faltered during the pandemic, with high unemployment, low consumption, and slow economic growth putting pressure on a government that stakes much of its legitimacy on promises to deliver prosperity to the population. Between July and September, the country’s GDP grew by 3.9%, according to official data released Monday, which is above many analysts’ expectations but still far below the state’s target of around 5.5%.

China’s National Bureau of Statistics postponed the data’s publication last week ahead of the 20th party congress, reinforcing concerns that Xi’s leadership will put politics before economics.

Monday’s announcement roiled stock markets, with Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index plunging 6%, as well as the Shanghai Composite and the Shenzhen Composite Index both falling by about 2%.

Beijing has also seen increased political resistance from the population, from anti-lockdown protests in Shanghai to widespread mortgage boycotts over delays from real estate developers.

Last week, a man unfurled two large banners from an overpass in Beijing and called President Xi a “dictator” through a megaphone.

Such small-scale demonstrations are not new, but they took place in the capital just before the congress drew enough attention for photos of the stunt to go viral on social media, where an equally swift censorship campaign stamped out any mention of it.

See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (CNN) (The Washington Post)

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