- Bolivian President Evo Morales resigned Sunday after the Organization of American States released an audit saying it had found “clear manipulation” of election results that secured him a fourth term.
- Morales has called the situation in Bolivia a “coup” orchestrated by his rival, Carlos Mesa.
- A slew of Morales’ senior officials also resigned, with Second Vice President of the Senate Jeanine Añez saying she will assume the role as transitional president while new elections are held.
Bolivian President Evo Morales resigned Sunday following the release of an audit by the Organization of American States, which said it had found evidence of the “clear manipulation” of electoral votes.
Morales had faced strong opposition since he was elected for his fourth term on Oct. 20. That opposition came to a blistering head on Sunday after the OAS’s report led to the national police and heads of Bolivia’s armed forces calling on Morales to step down.
In the report, auditors said the voting transmission system had not been “100% monitored” and that at one point, information was redirected. Because of this, auditors couldn’t have certainty over the results.
Auditors also said that “good practices” were not used when conducting the official vote count because the voting system allowed someone to take control of parts of the process that were intended to be secure. Auditors even said that at one point, the system was frozen and fixed in a way that violated “essential principles of security.”
The OAS then concluded that 78 of the total 333 evaluated vote counts from polling stations showed irregularities, noting that the last 5% of votes were especially odd because they showed an increase for Morales while his opponent, Carlos Mesa, dropped significantly.
Still, prior to the report’s publication, Morales had promised to stand by it and hold new elections if it found evidence of fraud.
In his resignation, Morales claimed he was leaving to ease the violence that has plagued Bolivia since the election last month.
“We resign because I don’t want to see any more families attacked by instruction of Mesa and [opposition leader Luis Fernando] Camacho,” he said Sunday. “This is not a betrayal to social movements. The fight continues. We are the people, and thanks to this political union, we have freed Bolivia. We leave this homeland freed.”
“Mesa and Camacho have achieved their objective,” he added. “Now stop burning the houses of my brothers and sisters.”
On Twitter, Morales also threw a shot at a police officer who he said was attempting to “illegally” arrest him; however, the head of the national police denied that any warrants had been issued for Morales.
“The coup mongers are destroying the rule of law,” Morales also said on Twitter.
Mesa, on the other hand, celebrated the news of the audit and Morales’ resignation.
“To Bolivia, its people, the young, the women, to the heroism of peaceful resistance. I will never forget this unique day. The end of tyranny. I’m grateful to the Bolivian people for this historic lesson. Long live Bolivia!”
“We shall not permit the ex-president to use the excuse of a coup,” Mesa told reporters. “This was not a coup.”
Protesters Ransack Government Officials’ Homes
While some media outlets in Bolivia reported celebrations in certain areas, there were also widespread reports of violence against senior members of Morales’ Movement for Socialism party.
According to Mexican Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard, the Mexican embassy in the city of La Paz sheltered 20 of Morales’ senior officials on Sunday as protesters ransacked and burned their homes.
Video posted to Twitter also shows people walking through Morales’ home after it had been ransacked. Mexico has now offered him political asylum.
Some protesters even went so far as to reportedly kidnap the brother of Victor Borda, the President of the Chamber of Deputies.
In the city streets, police withdrew from La Paz following Morales’ resignation. While some people celebrated by chanting “Yes, we could!” and by setting off fireworks, others looted stores. Other people started what appeared to be politically-motivated fires.
Other Countries React
Morales’ resignation has ignited a firestorm of reactions from other countries.
In addition to offering Morales political asylum, the Mexican president called the situation regrettable, while Foreign Secretary Ebrard echoed Morales’ calls of a “coup.”
Like Mexico, Nicaragua came to Morales’ defense, with President Daniel Ortega saying, “The government of Nicaragua … denounces and strongly condemns the coup d’etat that was realised today.”
Similarly, Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro took to Twitter to call the situation a “coup,” also saying that rallies would be held to defend “the life of the Bolivian native people, victims of racism.”
Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the Labour Party in the United Kingdom, described Morales as the leader of a powerful movement and said that he “has brought so much social progress.”
I condemn this coup against the Bolivian people and stand with them for democracy, social justice and independence,” Corbyn said.
In the U.S., the reaction has been mixed.
Along with Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY), Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) denounced the situation as a coup.
“We must unequivocally oppose political violence in Bolivia. Bolivians deserve free and fair elections,” Omar said.
On the other hand, President Donald Trump celebrated Morales’ resignation, calling it a “significant moment for democracy.”
“After nearly 14 years and his recent attempt to override the Bolivian constitution and the will of the people, Morales’s departure preserves democracy and paves the way for the Bolivian people to have their voices heard,” Trump said in a statement.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo also commended the OAS in supporting a new election.
Additionally, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro lent his support to holding new elections.
Who Will Lead Bolivia?
Following Morales’ resignation, his vice president, the Senate president, the president of the Chamber of Deputies, and the first vice president of the Senate also resigned. Respectively, those resignations eliminate the first through the fourth people in line to succeed Morales.
In terms of succession, the next in line is Second Vice President of the Senate Jeanine Añez, who said she would step up as a transitional president, but she also needs quorum from the national assembly. Currently, the Movement for Socialism Party controls both houses and Añez has been described as strongly anti-Morales.
As for a new election, under the Bolivian constitution, elections must be held within 90 days of a constitutional crisis. Should she get transfer of power, Añez has said she’ll work to hold that election.
At the same time, Morales is reportedly hiding out, but that has not stopped him from reaching out to his supporters on social media and urging to resist forming a transitional government
“You never abandoned me and I will never abandon you,” he said Monday morning.
See what others are saying: (Axios) (Reuters) (Aljazeera)
At least 38 Dead, Including Many Children, in Thai Daycare Shooting
The motive for the attack is still unclear, but a recent arrest for drug possession may point to some answers.
The Deadliest Mass Shooting in Thai History
Thailand spent Thursday afternoon grieving after a gunman massacred dozens of people, including kids as young as two years old, in a childcare center.
The tragedy happened in the northeastern rural Nong Bua Lamphu province, one of the poorest in the country.
At around 1:00 p.m., while the children were in naptime, a 34-year-old former police officer armed with a nine-millimeter handgun and a knife barged into the center and began shooting and stabbing those inside. He left in a white pickup truck, reportedly shooting at people from the car and running others over.
Police issued a “most wanted” notice for the gunman, but before they could apprehend him he barricaded himself in his home, where he shot himself, his wife, and their four-year-old child.
At least 38 people were left dead, including the shooter. At least 24 of those people were children.
Ten others were also wounded, six of them critically.
It was the deadliest mass shooting by a single perpetrator in the history of Thailand.
Survivors Search for Answers
Among the dead at the childcare center was a teacher who was eight months pregnant. Her husband wept on local television.
“My wife is due next month,” he said. “I never got to see my wife and child.”
The prime ministers of Britain and Australia, as well as the U.S. embassy in Bangkok and leaders from a host of other nations, sent their condolences to the victims’ families.
“We stand with the people of Thailand and offer our deepest condolences to the victims and their families,” the embassy said in a statement.
The shooter’s motive is still unclear, but authorities said he had been fired from the police force in June after getting arrested for possession of methamphetamine. National Police Chief Damrongsak Kittiprapat told reporters he believed the gunman was on drugs during the shooting, though he provided no evidence for the claim.
He added that the gunman was due to appear in court Friday on drug-related charges.
Regional police spokesman Paisal Lauesomboon offered a different explanation of the attack, saying that the shooter had been in court earlier Thursday to attend a hearing and subsequently drove to the childcare center where his own son was enrolled. When he could not locate his son, this account claims, he began the massacre.
A teacher who survived the attack contradicted that story, however, telling reporters the gunman began shooting as soon as he approached the center.
She said he struck a group of teachers eating lunch outside, but she managed to escape alive because he ran out of ammunition.
Thailand has some of the highest gun ownership and gun homicide rates in Asia, partially owing to the immense underground traffic of firearms through the black market.
A mass shooting of similar scale scarred the country in 2020, when a soldier used an assault rifle to slaughter at least 29 people at a shopping mall.
We make it a point to not include the names and pictures of those who may have been seeking attention or infamy and will not link out to websites that might contain such information.
Students Across Iran Lead Anti-Regime Protests
The supreme leader finally broke his silence on the unrest to blame the “riots” and “chaos” on a plan by the United States, the “Zionist regime and their followers.”
The Hijabs Come off
As the new academic year began this week, students across Iran turned their classrooms into stages for anti-regime demonstrations.
Videos posted to social media show female students removing their hijabs and chanting “Death to the dictator!” as they stomped on pictures of “their rulers,” as one post put it.
In one viral video, girls who had shed their headscarves at a school in Karaj, just outside Tehran, surrounded their principal and screamed at him while throwing objects.
The principal, whom the post describes as “pro-regime,” fled the scene as they yelled that he is “without honor.”
“Typically, when protests occur in Iran, they usually are restricted to streets or university campuses or they are led by workers or teachers,” Vahid Yücesoy, a PhD candidate in political science at the University of Montreal who shared the video, told Newsweek. “The fact that they have now arrived at high schools is a very unprecedented development.”
It’s been roughly three weeks since the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, a Kurdish woman who was arrested by morality police for violating Iran’s dress code and ended up comatose in a hospital.
Multiple reports claimed that officers beat her head with batons, though authorities countered that her death was rather due to a “sudden heart failure.”
The death toll from clashes between law enforcement and protesters may be as low as 41, according to Iranian state media last week, or as high as 133, according to the Norway-based group Iran Human Rights. Amnesty International has put the number at 52, and it said on Friday that hundreds of people had been injured and thousands arrested.
Campus Becomes a Bloody Warzone
Security forces trapped hundreds of students from Tehran’s elite Sharif University in a campus parking lot, assailed them with tear gas, and shot at them with less lethal rounds Sunday, according to reports and videos posted to social media.
“They had guns, they had paintball guns, they had batons,” Farid, whose name was changed for his safety, told CNN. “They were using gases… [that are] banned internationally… it was a war zone… there was blood everywhere.”
A video reviewed by the outlet shows security forces detaining students and carrying them on motorbikes.
The event took place on the first day of school after many students chose to protest the regime instead of attending classes. Farid said a group of protesters was confronted on campus by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps, which was called in by campus security.
“They told them that ‘if you go near the subway station, we will start shooting, go back to the university,’” He added. “And then after half of the students got back into the university, they let the others into the parking lot. And after that, they started shooting them with paintballs and taking them into custody in a very, very savage way.”
The university’s Students Islamic Association urged in a Monday statement that all “professors and students at Sharif University not to attend classes until all arrested students are released.”
Iranian state news agency IRNA said Monday that 30 of the 37 students arrested during the protests had been released, citing a source at the university.
On Monday, Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei finally broke his silence regarding the protest movement, saying he was dismayed at Amini’s death during a graduation ceremony for military cadets at the Imam Hassan Training Center.
“Yes, this was a bitter incident. My heart was also pained,” he said.
But he also condemned the protest movement as “not natural” and “planned” by the United States, the “Zionist regime and their followers,” using his term for the state of Israel.
Police Cause Stampede Killing 125 at Indonesian Soccer Stadium
The sports game turned bloodbath was among the deadliest in the sport’s history.
Trampled by the Crowd
At least 125 people died after police fired tear gas, sparking a chaotic stampede toward the exits at a soccer match in Indonesia, according to local officials.
The game between Arema, the home team in East Java’s Malang city, and Persebaya Surabaya took place Saturday night at the Kanjuruhan Stadium.
The event organizer had prohibited Persebaya fans from attending the game in an effort to prevent rivalrous brawling, but that only ensured the stadium would be exclusively packed with riled-up Arema fans.
When Arema lost 3-2, hundreds of spectators poured onto the field and some reportedly threw bottles and other objects at the players and managers. Several cop cars were also toppled outside the stadium and set ablaze.
Eyewitness accounts claim that riot police beat people with shields and batons, then fired tear gas canisters directly into the crowd and even into the stands.
Hordes of people, many of them dizzy and blinded by the chemical, clambered desperately for the exits.
The ensuing stampede quickly left 34 people dead, both from being trampled and suffocated, including two police officers and possibly some children, according to some reports. Many more were badly hurt and rushed to hospitals, but as dozens of them succumbed to their injuries, the death toll climbed to at least 125.
An official estimate initially put the number at 174, but it was later revised down due to some deaths being counted twice.
As many as 300 other individuals may have sustained injuries during the incident.
Who is to Blame?
Some human rights groups pointed fingers at the police for provoking the mayhem by improperly deploying tear gas.
“The excessive use of force through the use of tear gas and inappropriate crowd control was the cause of the large number of fatalities,” Indonesia’s Legal Aid Foundation said in a statement.
The Foundation also blamed the local soccer committee, which sold 42,000 tickets in a stadium only meant to seat 38,000 people, for filling the venue over capacity.
Typically, tear gas is meant to put distance between the rioters and police, dispersing the crowd in an intended direction, not to be used indiscriminately in a secure location like a sports stadium.
Moreover, the global soccer governing body FIFA prohibits the use of tear gas.
“I regret that this tragedy occurred,” President Joko Widodo said in a televised address. “And I hope this is the last football tragedy in the country.”
He said he had asked National Police Chief Listyo Sigit to investigate the incident and ordered an evaluation of security at soccer matches.
East Java’s police chief Nico Afinta defended the use of tear gas in a news conference on Sunday.
“We have already done a preventive action before finally firing the tear gas as (fans) began to attack the police, acting anarchically and burning vehicles,” he said.
Indonesia’s soccer association, known as PSSI, suspended the premier soccer league Liga 1 indefinitely in light of the tragedy and banned Arema from hosting soccer matches for the remainder of the season.
Dozens of Indonesians have died in soccer-related violence since the 1990s, but Saturday’s tragedy is among the deadliest in soccer history.