- Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau won his reelection, though his Liberal Party suffered significant blows, losing its majority in Parliament.
- Now, Trudeau will have to work closely with other parties as he leads his new minority government.
- While many experts believe the Liberals will easily form alliances with other parties, many have also pointed out that minority governments in Canada historically do not last longer than two years.
- Many viewed the election as a referendum on Trudeau’s character following a corruption scandal and the surfacing of black and brownface pictures.
Justin Trudeau was reelected as Canadian Prime Minister Monday after his Liberal Party won the most seats in Parliament, but stopped short of keeping its majority.
According to election results from CBC, Trudeau’s Liberal Party won a total of 157 seats, while the Conservative Party took home 121 seats and smaller parties grabbed the rest.
While Trudeau and his party won the most seats, they stopped short of receiving the 170 seats necessary to have a majority in Canada’s 338-seat Parliament.
In addition to not getting a majority, the Liberal Party also lost seats that they had previously held as the Conservatives gained more. In 2015, Trudeau was first elected Prime Minister after his party won 184 seats. Conservatives, by contrast, won 99 seats the same year.
As a result, the Prime Minister and his party come out of this election significantly weathered.
Trudeau’s win comes after the embattled leader’s future was jeopardized by separate incidents involving a corruption scandal and leaked photos where he was featured wearing black and brownface.
Trudeau first found himself embroiled in corruption accusations in February.
Former justice minister and attorney general Jody Wilson-Raybould, an Indigenous woman, accused the Prime Minister and his aides of pushing her to settle a criminal case with the Canadian engineering and construction firm SNC-Lavalin.
Trudeau argued settling the case would save thousands of jobs because the criminal case against SNC would have prevented it from getting government contracts.
But many Canadians saw the incident as Trudeau— a self-described feminist who has claimed to be an advocate of Indigenous rights— bullying an Indigenous woman to protect a company that financially benefited his own Liberal Party.
Others also felt it was a bad look for Trudeau, who has pushed for government transparency, especially after Parliament’s ethics commissioner found that he broke conflict-of-interest laws.
Then, in September, a series of three black and brownface photos of Trudeau surfaced. That incident drew widespread criticism and prompted many to speculate about his chances in the election.
The leader’s future as Prime Minister seemed up in the air as his Liberal Party polled neck-and-neck with the Conservative Party when voters cast their ballots Monday.
While Trudeau and the Liberals came out on top, the battle for power is far from over.
Unlike some parliamentary systems such as Israel’s, Trudeau does not need a majority to lead the government, meaning he does not need to formally build coalitions with other parties to get that majority. Instead, he will just lead a minority government.
While minority governments are not uncommon in Canada, it still puts Trudeau in a pretty dicey position.
As many have noted, minority governments in the country often do not last for longer than two years, so Trudeau will have to fight hard to maintain power.
It also means that he will need the support of other parties to pass legislation— something he did not necessarily need before when he had an outright majority.
That said, because the Liberals are only 13 seats short of a majority, Trudeau would really only need the support of one of the other mid-sized parties to pass legislation. As a result, many experts believe that the Liberals should be able to find allies.
“He should be able to put together some kind of agenda where he can get the support he needs on an issue-by-issue basis,” Lori Williams, a political analyst at Mount Royal University in Calgary told The Wall Street Journal.
Arguably the most logical partner for the Liberals is the left-wing New Democratic Party (NDP), which won 24 seats.
Though further to the left than Trudeau’s party, the NDP has a history of working with the Liberals to keep power. In 2005, the NDP helped prop up a Liberal minority government to prevent being defeated by Conservatives.
Now, the two parties again have a vested interest in working together to keep conservatives out of power. The NDP additionally has a big incentive to prevent another election because they lost nearly half their seats in this election.
Speaking to supporters Tuesday, NDP leader Jagmeet Singh said his party would play a “constructive and positive role in the new Parliament.”
Trudeau could also find an ally in the Bloc Québécois, a party that promotes Quebec’s independence from Canada, which went from just 10 seats to 32 this election.
The Bloc’s leader, Yves-François Blanchet, also said Tuesday that his party would be open to working with the Liberals.
“If what is being proposed is good for Québéc, you can count on us,” he said.
Notably, both the Bloc and the NDP are generally in line with one of Trudeau’s biggest legislative issues: climate change.
Speaking Monday night in his acceptance speech, Trudeau thanked Canadians for their votes.
“From coast to coast, tonight, Canadians rejected division and negativity. They rejected cuts and austerity, and they voted in favour of a progressive agenda and strong action on climate change,” he said.
“I have heard you, my friends. You are sending our Liberal team back to work; back to Ottawa with a clear mandate,” he continued. “We will make life more affordable. We will continue to fight climate change. We will get guns off our streets and we will keep investing in Canadians.”
Despite their win, the election has taken a big toll on the Liberal Party and put Trudeau in a fragile situation. Already, Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer seems to be eyeing Trudeau’s spot.
“Conservatives have put Justin Trudeau on notice,” Scheer said in a concession speech Monday night. “And Mr. Trudeau, when your government falls, Conservatives will be ready and we will win.”
See what others are saying: (CBC) (The Wall Street Journal) (The New York Times)
Biden Vows to Defend Taiwan if Attacked by China
Some praised the remarks for clarifying U.S. foreign policy, while others feared they could escalate tensions with China.
Biden’s Remarks Create Confusion
During a Monday press conference in Tokyo, U.S. President Joe Biden said the United States would intervene to defend Taiwan in the event of a Chinese attack.
The remark caught many off guard because it contradicted decades of traditional U.S. foreign policy toward China.
A reporter said, “You didn’t want to get involved in the Ukraine conflict militarily for obvious reasons. Are you willing to get involved militarily to defend Taiwan if it comes to that?”
“Yes,” Biden answered. “That’s a commitment we made. We are not — look, here’s the situation. We agree with a One China policy. We signed onto it and all the attendant agreements made from there.”
“But the idea that it can be taken by force — just taken by force — is just not appropriate,” he continued. “It will dislocate the entire region and be another action similar to what happened in Ukraine.”
Beijing considers the Taiwanese island to be a breakaway province, but Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, has claimed to represent the real historical lineage of China.
Since 1972, the U.S. has officially recognized only one China, with its capital in Beijing. However, Washington maintains extensive informal diplomatic ties with Taipei and provides military assistance through weapons and training.
Successive U.S. presidents have also committed to a policy of “strategic ambiguity,” refusing to promise or rule out a direct military intervention in case China attacks Taiwan.
The strategy is meant to deter China while avoiding a hard commitment to any action.
Biden Sparks Controversy
The White House quickly sent a statement to reporters appearing to walk back Biden’s remark.
“As the president said, our policy has not changed,” the statement said. “He reiterated our One China Policy and our commitment to peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait. He also reiterated our commitment under the Taiwan Relations Act to provide Taiwan with the military means to defend itself.”
Monday was not the first time Biden made similar remarks regarding China and Taiwan.
Last August, he promised that “we would respond” if there was an attack against a fellow member of NATO and then added, “same with Japan, same with South Korea, same with Taiwan.”
In October, he again told CNN’s Anderson Cooper that the U.S. would defend Taiwan from a Chinese attack, prompting the White House to hurriedly walk back his statement.
Monday’s remark was received with support as well as criticism.
“Strategic ambiguity is over. Strategic clarity is here,” Tweeted Matthew Kroenig, professor of government at Georgetown University. “This is the third time Biden has said this. Good. China should welcome this. Washington is helping Beijing to not miscalculate.”
“It is truly dangerous for the president to keep misstating U.S. policy toward Taiwan,” historian Stephen Wertheim wrote in a tweet. “How many more times will this happen?”
“The West’s robust response to Russian aggression in Ukraine could serve to deter China from invading Taiwan, but Biden’s statement risks undoing the potential benefit and instead helping to bring about a Taiwan conflict,” he added. “Self-injurious and entirely unforced.”
Biden also unveiled the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF), a trade agreement signed by the U.S. and 12 Asian nations.
The agreement appeared to many like another move to cut off China from regional trade pacts and supply chains in Washington’s strategic competition with Beijing.
See what others are saying: (CNN) (The New York Times) (The South China Morning Post)
Russia Takes Over 900 Azovstal Fighters Prisoner as Mariupol Surrenders
Ukraine said the soldiers successfully completed their mission, but the fall of Mariupol represents a strategic win for Putin.
Azovstal Waves the White Flag
Russia’s foreign ministry announced on Wednesday that it had captured 959 Ukrainians from the Azovstal steelworks, where besieged soldiers have maintained the last pocket of resistance in Mariupol for weeks.
A ministry spokesperson said in a statement that 51 were being treated for injuries, and the rest were sent to a former prison colony in the town of Olenivka in a Russian-controlled area of Donetsk.
The defense ministry released videos of what it claimed were Ukrainian fighters receiving care at a hospital in the Russian-controlled town of Novoazovsk. In one, a soldier tells the camera he is being treated “normally” and that he is not being psychologically pressured, though it is unclear whether he is speaking freely.
It was unclear if any Ukrainians remained in Azovstal, but Denis Pushilin, the head of the self-proclaimed republic of Donetsk, said in a statement Wednesday that the “commanders of the highest level” were still hiding in the plant.
Previously, estimates put the number of soldiers inside Azovstal around 1,000.
Ukraine officially gave up Mariupol on Monday, when the first Azovstal fighters began surrendering.
Reuters filmed dozens of wounded Ukrainians being driven away in buses marked with the Russian pro-war “Z” symbol.
Ukraine’s deputy defense minister said in a Tuesday statement that the Ukrainian prisoners would be swapped in an exchange for captured Russians. But numerous Russian officials have signaled that the Ukrainian soldiers should be tried.
Mariupol Falls into Russian Hands
After nearly three months of bombardment that left Mariupol in ruins, Russia’s combat mission in the city has ended.
The sprawling complex of underground tunnels, caverns, and bunkers beneath Azovstal provided a defensible position for the Ukrainians there, and they came to represent the country’s resolve in the face of Russian aggression for many spectators.
Earlier this month, women, children, and the elderly were evacuated from the plant.
The definitive capture of Mariupol, a strategic port city, is a loss for Ukraine and a boon for Russia, which can now establish a land bridge between Crimea and parts of Eastern Ukraine controlled by Russian separatists. The development could also free up Russian troops around Mariupol to advance on the East, while additional reinforcements near Kharkiv descend from the north, potentially cutting off Ukrainian forces from the rest of the country.
The Ukrainian military has framed events in Mariupol as at least a partial success, arguing that the defenders of Azovstal completed their mission by tying down Russian troops and resources in the city and giving Ukrainians elsewhere more breathing room.
It claimed that doing so prevented Russia from rapidly capturing the city of Zaporizhzhia further to the west.
See what others are saying: (The Guardian) (BBC) (BBC)
Convoy of Up to 1,000 Vehicles Evacuates Refugees From Mariupol as Russian War Effort Stalls
Russia may have lost a third of its ground invasion force since the war began, according to British military intelligence.
Hundreds Make It Out Alive
A convoy of between 500 and 1,000 vehicles evacuating refugees from the southern port city of Mariupol arrived safely in the Ukrainian-controlled city of Zaporizhzhia on Saturday.
People have been trickling out of Mariupol for over two months, but the recent evacuation was the single biggest out of the city thus far. Russian troops, who control most of the city, did not allow the convoy to leave for days, but eventually, they relented.
The convoy first traveled to Berbyansky some 80 kilometers to the west, then stopped at other settlements before driving 200 kilometers northwest to Zaporizhzhia. Many refugees told reporters they took “secret detours” to avoid Russian checkpoints and feared every moment of the journey.
Nikolai Pavlov, a 74-year-old retiree, told Reuters he had lived in a basement for a month after his apartment was destroyed.
“We barely made it,” he said. “There were lots of elderly people among us… the trip was devastating. But it was worth it.”
63-year-old Iryna Petrenko also said she had stayed in Mariupol initially to take care of her 92-year-old mother, who subsequently died.
“We buried her next to her house, because there was nowhere to bury anyone,” she said.
Putin’s Plans Go Poorly
In Mariupol, Ukrainian fighters continue to hold the Azovstal steelworks, the only part of the city still under Ukrainian control.
On Sunday, a video emerged appearing to show a hail of projectiles bursting into white, brightly burning munitions over the factory.
The pro-Russian separatist who posted it on Telegram wrote, “If you didn’t know what it is and for what purpose – you could say that it’s even beautiful.”
Turkey is trying to negotiate an evacuation of wounded Ukrainians from the factory, but neither Russia nor Ukraine have agreed to any plan.
After nearly three months of war, Mariupol has been left in ruins, with thousands of civilians reportedly dead.
“In less than 3 month, Mariupol, one of Ukraine’s fastest developing & comfortable cities, was reduced into a heap of charred ruins smelling death, with thousands of people standing in long breadlines and selling their properties out to buy some food. Less than three months,” Illia Ponomarenko, a reporter for The Kyiv Independent, tweeted.
On Sunday, the United Kingdom’s defense ministry estimated that Russia has likely lost a third of its ground invasion forces since the war began.
Moscow is believed to have deployed as many as 150,000 troops in Ukraine.
The ministry added that Russian forces in Eastern Ukraine have “lost momentum” and are “significantly behind schedule.” Moreover, it said Russia failed to achieve substantial territorial gains over the last month while sustaining “consistently high levels of attrition.”
“Under the current conditions, Russia is unlikely to dramatically accelerate its rate of advance over the next 30 days,” the ministry concluded.
Sweden also signaled on Sunday that it will join Finland in applying for NATO membership.