- Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been chosen by Israel’s president to form a government following last week’s election.
- The election, which is the second in the last five months, was triggered after Netanyahu failed to form a government in May, prompting Parliament to dissolve itself and hold new elections.
- Despite the fact that Netanyahu’s Likud Party received fewer seats than his rival Benny Gantz’s Blue and White Party, he was given the first chance because the president believed he would be more likely to build a government.
- Gantz and Netanyahu both agree that the best path forward is to pool their seats and form a unity government. But Gantz has said he will not create a government with Netanyahu because he faces indictment over criminal corruption charges.
Rivlin Nominates Netanyahu
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin tapped Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to form a new government Wednesday, in a move that surprised many following an election last week that appeared to jeopardize the long-term leader’s career.
The election, held last Tuesday, was the second held in the country in the past five months.
During the first election in April, Netanyahu’s Likud Party tied with his rival Benny Gantz’s Blue and White Party, with each receiving 35 seats in Israel’s 120-seat parliament, the Knesset.
As neither party had enough seats to make up a 61-seat majority, Rivlin gave Netanyahu the first chance to form a government by building a coalition with other parties.
However, by May, Netanyahu had failed to get enough parties on board in the required time period. Instead of allowing Gantz to have a chance to form a government, Netanyahu proposed a bill to dissolve parliament and hold new elections, which parliament voted in favor of.
Many viewed the second election as a referendum on Netanyahu, who also faces indictment over corruption and bribery charges. As a result, when Gantz won 33 seats to Netanyahu’s 32, it was generally considered a significant defeat.
But Rivlin’s decision to again choose Netanyahu to cobble together a coalition government despite the fact that he failed to do so last time and that Gantz won more seats appeared to reflect the fact that the president believed Netanyahu would be more likely to build a coalition.
Rivlin’s view that Netanyahu would have more success creating a government came down to the blocs: the power-sharing alliances that parties form based on their political leanings.
Following the election, the right-wing bloc of parties that included Netanyahu’s Likud had 55 seats, while the center-left bloc that Gantz’s Blue and White party belongs to had 54 seats.
Netanyahu will now have 28 days to try to form a government, though he can ask for a 14-day extension, as he did back in May.
Even with Netanyahu set to take the first swing at forming a government, it remains unclear what will happen next.
Rivlin, Netanyahu, and Gantz have all agreed that the best and possibly only way forward is to form what is known as a unity government. Under that system, the two parties come up with a power-sharing agreement and combine their seats to form a majority.
That may seem simple enough, but Gantz has refused to form a unity government with Netanyahu as long as he faces indictment.
Without the Blue and White Party, Netanyahu’s chances of forming a coalition government are slim to none.
Much of the power to decide the next government remains in the hands of Avigdor Lieberman, the leader of the secular ultranationalist Yisrael Beiteinu party which won eight seats in the last election.
Lieberman, who has refused to back either party outright, also posed a similar roadblock for Netanyahu the first time around due to his clashes with the ultraorthodox parties in the right-wing bloc.
Lieberman’s disagreements with Netanyahu’s key religious allies ultimately resulted in the prime minister failing to form a coalition government by one seat.
For his part, Lieberman has said he supports a unity government between his party, the Likud, and the Blue and White Party.
Netanyahu’s Troubled Future
With Lieberman unlikely to back him and with Gantz refusing to form a government with Netanyahu at the helm, the Israeli leader seems to have found himself between a rock and a hard place.
Netanyahu is set to have a pre-indictment hearing on Oct. 2. Legal experts have said that it is likely he will be indicted. After that, charges could be filed within weeks.
As long as there is no government, Netanyahu remains the official leader. If he is criminally charged while still serving as prime minister, he can continue to serve until a final conviction.
However, if Netanyahu were to heed Gantz’s demand and step aside as the Likud leader and take an ordinary ministerial role, he would likely be forced to resign if charges are filed.
As a result, experts have pointed out that remaining in power as prime minister is his best chance of avoiding being prosecuted and that he will cling to power and prolong the process as long as he can, perhaps by trying to strike an immunity deal.
If Netanyahu fails to form a government, Rivlin would likely choose Gantz to be the next to give it a shot. If Gantz fails, it is possible that a third member of parliament will be given the mandate to form a government. If everyone fails, a third election would be held.
See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (TIME) (Haaretz)
E.U. and U.S. Sanction Russian Officials Over Navalny Detention
- The E.U. and U.S. coordinated new sanctions against seven Russian officials tied to the current fate of activist and Russian opposition figure Alexei Navalny.
- More efforts are expected to follow, with officials claiming that 14 Russian entities tied to the manufacturing of Novichok – the rare nerve agents that supposedly poisoned Navalny – are the next to be sanctioned.
- Despite the sanctions, Biden’s administration hopes to be able to work with Russia on other world issues, such as nuclear arms in Iran and North Korea.
- Navalny himself isn’t likely to benefit from the sanctions as he’s serving a 2.5-year prison sentence in one of Russia’s most notorious penal colonies.
Coordinated Efforts by E.U. and U.S.
The U.S. and E.U. both announced coordinated sanctions against Russia Tuesday morning over the poisoning, arrest, and detention of Russian opposition figure Alexei Navalny.
In particular, seven senior officials are targeted by the sanctions.
- Federal Security Service Director Aleksandr Bortnikov
- Chief of the Presidential Policy Directorate Andrei Yarin
- First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office Sergei Kiriyenko
- Deputy Minister of Defense Aleksey Krivoruchko
- Deputy Minister of Defense Pavel Popov
- Federal Penitentiary Service director Alexander Kalashnikov
- Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov.
Both the E.U. and U.S. also plan to add fourteen entities that are involved in making the extremely deadly Russian nerve agent Novichok.
First Step For Biden
These sanctions are the first such action by the Biden administration against Russia and seem to be a tone shift from the previous administration. The Trump administration was considered relatively soft on Russia and only enacted a few sanctions over election interference, which were only softly enforced.
One U.S. official, according to NBC News reportedly said, that “today is the first such response, and there will be more to come.”
“The United States is neither seeking to reset our relations with Russia nor are we seeking to escalate,” the official went on to add.
The man at the center of all this, Alexei Navalny, has been an outspoken critic of Putin who was arrested when he returned to Russia from Germany after being treated for Novichok poisoning.
He was sentenced to 2.5 years in prison over alleged fraud crimes and is reported to have been sent to one of Russia’s worst penal colonies outside of the city of Pokrov to serve out his term.
Biden Faces Criticism Over U.S. Airstrike in Syria
- On Friday, the U.S. conducted an airstrike against an Iranian-back militia in Syria after it shot rockets into northern Iraq and injured U.S. service personnel.
- The airstrike marks the first in Biden’s presidency, and while normally a routine response, it caused particular backlash against the president, who campaigned on getting out of “forever wars” in the region.
- Many felt like Biden was more concerned with bombing people in the Middle-East than he was with passing his $1.9 trillion stimulus package, which was being debated by Congress at the time.
- The targeting of an Iranian-backed militia likely didn’t help efforts to start informal talks with Iran on Sunday in an effort to reignite the Iran Nuclear Deal.
Striking Back Against Militias
The U.S. military conducted an airstrike on an Iranian-backed militia in Syria on Friday, marking it as the first such airstrike under President Joe Biden’s term.
The airstrike was conducted as retaliation after the militia launched rockets into northern Iraq; killing civilians, contractors, and injuring a U.S. service member as well as other coalition troops.
Despite airstrikes being a routine response for such situations over the last 20 years, the decision caused Biden to face intense backlash in the U.S.
For many, it set the tone and seemed to contradict some of his earlier stances when running for office. In 2019, for instance, Biden made it clear that he wanted to get out of Iraq as soon as possible, as well as speed up the removal of U.S. troops in Afghanistan. However, such airstrikes are often blamed for further entrenching the U.S. in the region.
Biden received criticism across the political spectrum, with only a few conservatives praising the airstrike as a necessary move to protect U.S. troops.
In Congress, many Democrats called the move unconstitutional, a stance the party has had since at least 2018 when Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) said a similar airstrike conducted by President Trump required the approval of Congress. The Biden administration pushed back against this, sending a letter to Congress on Sunday saying the president had the power to use limited force without the body’s approval via the War Power Act.
Public Perception in a Downward Spiral
Many Americans have mocked Biden for seemingly feeling comfortable enough to use his executive power to bomb militias while also expressing apprehension toward using that same power to forgive student loans.
Others pushed back against the idea that the airstrike was a form of defensive retaliation
“This latest Biden airstrike is being spun as “defensive” and “retaliatory” despite its targeting a nation the US invaded (Syria) in response to alleged attacks on US forces in another nation the US invaded (Iraq),” wrote one user on Twitter, “You can’t invade a nation and then claim self-defense there. Ever.”
Some of the biggest criticism the president received came from those who said it seemed like his priorities were off-base. Because while the airstrike was conducted, Congress was debating his $1.9 trillion stimulus package.
Civil Rights activist Ja’Mal Green, for instance, tweeted, “We didn’t flip Georgia Blue for Biden to air strike Syria. We flipped Georgia Blue for our $2,000 Stimulus Checks.”
However, it’s worth noting that there’s not much Biden can do right now to push his stimulus package through Congress, other than attempt to convince some on-the-fence senators like Joe Manchin (D-WV). Still, the perception of confused priorities was enough to anger many.
All of this likely didn’t help when the E.U. foreign policy chief, on behalf of all the countries who signed the Iran Nuclear deal, attempted to convince Iran to engage in informal talks to try and restart the deal on Sunday. A proposal was shot down by Iran.
“Considering the recent actions and statements by the United States and three European powers, Iran does not consider this the time to hold an informal meeting with these countries,” said Foreign Ministry spokesperson Saeed Khatibzadeh
Nigerian Gunmen Kidnap Over 300 Students From Boarding School
- Gunmen abducted 317 girls from a Nigerian boarding school early Friday morning, making it the second major abduction in the northwest area of the country in over a week.
- Militants loaded some girls on trucks while others were walked into the nearby Rugu forest, which covers hundreds of miles and is spread over three states.
- Authorities believe these abductions are being carried out by armed bandit groups seeking random rather than the jihadist groups in the region.
- According to terror analysts, kidnapping is quickly becoming one of the most thriving industries in Nigeria and has led to 10.5 million Nigerian children being out of school – the most of any nation.
Abductions Before Dawn
Gunmen abducted 317 students early Friday morning from the Nigerian Government Girls Secondary School in Jangebe, Zamfara state.
They entered the building shooting, although it’s clear if anyone was hurt, and forced many girls onto trucks while others into the nearby Rugu forest, which covers hundreds of square miles and crosses multiple states. Some girls escaped, but by morning it was clear to the local community that hundreds were taken.
Zamfara police and security forces, backed by Nigerian army reinforcements, said they are in pursuit of the abductors.
This abduction is the second in a little over a week in the northwest area of the country. At the Kagara Government Science College in Niger state, dozens of schoolboys were abducted on February 17.
In December, 344 boys in Katsina state were also abducted before being freed a week later. At the time, the kidnappers claimed a ransom had been paid, a common motivation for such abductions, but security forces say the children were freed after they had surrounded the group.
Was the Kidnapping for Ransom?
Many abductions have a monetary aspect, with ransoms quickly being demanded; however, it’s currently unclear if Friday’s events were carried out by local bandits looking for a payout or one of the nation’s myriad of jihadist groups that occasionally take hostages.
Most are leaning towards believing this was a kidnapping for ransom due to it quickly becoming the nation’s most thriving industry, according to Bulama Bukarti, a terror analyst and columnist of northern Nigeria’s largest paper.
Unfortunately, the constant kidnapping in less-stable parts of the country, along with economic hardships, have caused parents to pull their children out of schools. Currently, there are more than 10.5 million Nigerian children out of school, the most of any nation. The issue is so prevalent that 1 in 5 of the world’s unschooled children are in Nigeria.
The government has struggled to respond to the rise of kidnappings, with officials both on the civilian side and within the military unsure of how to proceed. On one hand, there are those who want to deal with the issue head-on and attack kidnappers, but others want to try and resolve the issue with dialogue.