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Peru’s Ex-President Kills Himself Ahead of Corruption Arrest

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  • Former Peruvian president Alan García shot and killed himself when police arrived at his house to arrest him on bribery charges.
  • García was accused of taking bribes from the Brazilian construction firm Odebrecht, but had repeatedly denied the allegations.
  • In 2016, Odebrecht pleaded guilty to paying $788 million in bribes to officials in Latin America for infrastructure contracts in what the U.S. Justice Department called “the largest foreign bribery case in history.”
  • Many Latin American leaders were implicated in the scandal, including three other ex-presidents of Peru.

Former President Alan García Dies

Peru’s former president, Alan García, died on Wednesday after shooting himself in the head when police arrived at his house to arrest him over bribery allegations.

Peru’s Interior Minister Carlos Morán told reporters that García asked to make a phone call when police arrived at his house. He then went into a room and locked the door. After hearing gunshots, police forced the door open and found García with a bullet wound in his head.

García was rushed to a nearby hospital where he underwent emergency surgery, according to Peru’s health ministry. Peru’s Health Minister, Zulema Tomá, said García had three heart attacks was in “very serious and critical” condition.

Peruvian president Martín Vizcarra confirmed the death and expressed his condolences in a tweet.

@MartinVizcarraC

García served as the president of Peru from 1985 to 1990, and again from 2006 to 2011. He has been accused of taking bribes from the Brazil-based construction firm Odebrecht during the construction of Lima’s metro in his second term as president.

He has denied receiving money from Odebrecht.

Odebrecht Corruption Scandal

Odebrecht is one of the biggest construction firms in Latin America and is known for being the main force behind infrastructure projects all over the world, including the venues for the 2016 Olympics and 2014 World Cup in its home country of Brazil.

Odebrecht is also at the heart of Latin America’s biggest corruption scandal. In 2016, Odebrecht admitted to paying $788 million in bribes to elected officials all across Latin America in exchange for lucrative infrastructure contracts. Odebrecht pleaded guilty to the charges as part of a plea deal with the U.S. Justice Department. The department called the corruption scandal “the largest foreign bribery case in history.”

García is not the only Latin American leader who has been under investigation in connection to bribes paid to Odebrecht. The corruption allegations involving Odebrecht have encompassed numerous leaders in Latin America and has lead to many jailings in the region.

This is especially true in Peru. Odebrecht has admitted paying almost $30 million in bribes to Peru alone since 2004.

Involvement in Peru

Four former presidents, including García, have been accused of involvement in the Odebrecht corruption scandal. All four have been the subjects of investigations into campaign donations and bribes they allegedly took from the construction giant.

Just last week, former Peruvian president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, who served from 2016 to 2018, was detained as part of a money-laundering investigation involving his ties with Odebrecht. Kuczynski is being investigated for undisclosed payments to Odebrecht worth $782,000 more than a decade ago.

Former president Ollanta Humala, who was in office from 2011 to 2016, is currently in pre-trial detention in Peru after being accused of taking bribes from Odebrecht to bankroll his election campaign.

The Peruvian government is also seeking extradition from the United States for another ex-Peruvian president, Alejandro Toledo, who was president from 2001 to 2006. Toldeo has been charged with accepting $20 million in bribes from Odebrecht for public works contracts.

Peru’s current opposition leader, Keiko Fujimori, is also in pre-trial detention on charges of taking $1.2 million in bribes from Odebrecht.

According to Peru’s state-run newspaper, Andina, the accusations against García also involve his former Secretary General of the Presidency and the former Vice President of Petroperú, Peru’s state-owned petroleum company, among others.

García’s Legacy

García denied any involvement in the corruption scandal in his final tweet, which he posted on Tuesday.

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García, who was 69-years-old at the time of his death, was known as a skilled speaker and was described by some as “Latin America’s Kennedy.” He governed as a nationalist during his first term in the 1980s, which was marred by hyperinflation, corruption, and the rise of a prominent guerrilla movement.

When García took power again in nearly two decades later, he returned as a free-market conservative who lead Peru to an investment boom that was largely supported by Odebrecht contracts.

He also’s accused President Vizcarra of trying to jail him for political reasons. In November of 2018, García requested asylum at the Uruguayan embassy in Lima after he was banned from leaving the country during the investigation, but was denied by the Uruguayan government.

See what others are saying: (BBC) (Los Angeles Times) (The Washington Post)

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Tunisian President Fires Prime Minister, Suspends Parliament Over Deadlock and COVID-19 Response

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President Kais Saied claims his actions are constitutional and have the support of the military, which has already blocked off government buildings. His opponents, however, call the move little more than a coup.


President Makes Massive Changes to Government

Tunisia’s government received a major shakeup after President Kais Saied fired the Prime Minister and froze parliament late Sunday.

The move, according to Saied, was meant to break years of parliamentary deadlock between Prime Minister Hichem Mechichi and various political parties that have sturggled to find common ground. However, the timing comes just after a massive protest over how the government has handled the COVID-19 pandemic turned violent earlier on Sunday.

Either way, the move risks sparking a confrontation between Saied —who is backed by the army — and various political parties that view his actions as a coup.

The President’s actions have proven cotnroversial. Despite that, he has widepsread support after being elected in 2019 on a platform to fight corrupt politicians.

After the announcement, tens of thousands have taken to the streets in support of his decision to dismiss the Prime Minister and parliament, with many cheering as he appeared among the crowd Sunday night.

In recent months, anger at the ruling government has only increased as many feel the ruling coalition, largely made up of the Islamist Ennahda (“Renaissance”) party, have been ineffective.

It’s a common belief in Tunisia that Ennahda’s rule, alongside its tenuous coalition, helped exacerbate problems caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, which led to the economy shrinking by 8% as tourism plummeted.

One of the President’s supporters told Reuters and other outlets during Sunday’s demonstration, “We are here to protect Tunisia. We have seen all the tragedies under the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood.”

He mentioned the Muslim Brotherhood, which had a strong presence in Egpyt after the Arab Spring, becuase Ennahda has longstanding relationship with the group, although it has sought to distance itself as a more moderate political group over the last few years.

Now, for their part, the ruling coalition has argued that Saied’s move is clearly unconstitutional. Rached Ghannouchi, leade of Ennahda and Parliamentary Speaker, said that he is “against gathering all powers in the hands of one person.” His position isn’t without supporters eithers. Both sides have already gathered throughout the capital and have thrown rocks at each other.

Legalities of Article 80

The question across many minds is whether or not Saied’s actions are actually constitutional.

He claims that under Article 80 of the constitution, he can fire the Prime Minister, suspend parliament for 30 days, and appoint a premier to rule — all of which is true.

However, in order to do that, the Prime Minister and the Parliamentary Speaker need to be consulted; something Parliamentary Speaker Ghannouchi said was never done. It’s unclear what Mechichi’s position is as he’s stayed inside his home all day, though the army says he is not under any kind of arrest.

In addition to those requirements, a Constitutional Court needs to approve the move, and one hasn’t been set up. As the German Foregin Office put it on Monday morning, it seems like Saied is relying on “a rather broad interpretation of the constitution.”

International observers hope a solution will soon be made to keep what seems to be the last functional democracy to come from the Arab Spring from devolving into civil war or dictatorship.

See what others are saying: (The Washington Post) (Reuters) (BBC)

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South Korean President Makes BTS Official Presidential Envoys

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The position is largely ceremonial but will be used by the government to help give a friendly and popular face to national and international initiatives spearheaded by Seoul.


Government Recognition

The K-pop band BTS will be adding to its list of global impacts this year after South Korean President Moon Jae-in appointed its members as Presidential Envoys on Wednesday.

The role will include attending international conferences such as the United Nations General Assembly in September.

At these events, BTS will perform “various activities to promote international cooperation in solving global challenges, such as improving the environment, eliminating poverty and inequality, and respecting diversity,” according to Park Kyung-mee, a Blue House spokesperson.

The band has already appeared at U.N. conferences multiple times over the last few years.

Just last year, the group gave a message of hope and reassurance through the U.N. during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior appearances at the U.N. have been either as part of U.N. organizations or as private citizens.

Wednesday’s appointment will make them official representatives of South Korea, although they won’t actually engage in any direct diplomacy and instead will be used to promote the country’s ongoing efforts in youth-related projects.

Longstanding Policy

BTS’ success, alongside prior and current K-pop groups, has remained a masterclass of soft diplomacy by the Korean government. For decades, the Korean government has cultivated promoting cultural aspects abroad in the hopes of generating more interest in the country. There are hopes that such efforts will encourage more tourism as well as an elevated image when consumers consider Korean-made products.

Such efforts, beyond cultivating K-pop and raising its stars as semi-official government symbols, also include helping fund Korean restaurants abroad as well as free Korean-language classes taught by Professors of some of Korea’s most prestigious schools.

The news comes as BTS’ newest single, “Permission to Dance,” quickly took the #1 spot on the Billboard top 100. BTS is also partnering with YouTube to promote a Permission to Dance challenge on YouTube Shorts that will begin tomorrow and end on August 4.

Fans will be encouraged to replicate dance moves from the music video, and the group’s favorite clips will be put into a compilation made by them.

See what others are saying: (Yonhap News) (The Korea Times) (All Kpop)

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Over 1 Million Chinese Displaced After Record Rainfall

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The rain has created waist-high waters throughout the capital of China’s Henan province, drastically affecting the lives of its over 10 million inhabitants.


Trapped in a Flood

The Henan province of central China experienced severe rainfall over the last week that has left at least 25 dead and displaced more than 1.2 million people due to severe flooding, according to figures released by Chinese authorities Wednesday.

Meteorologists claim that the sudden, severe rainfall is caused by Typhoon In-Fa colliding with a high-pressure system over Henan province.

The floods have forced people to wade through waist-high water throughout Zhengzhou, the region’s capital. In one tragic incident Monday, 12 people died after they were trapped in the subway amid rising waters. A similar situation occurred Tuesday, causing multiple lines to be trapped in chest-high water for up to three hours before rescue workers managed to save them. Since then, metro authorities have shut down many of Zhengzhou’s rail lines.

Between Monday and Tuesday alone, Zhengzhou was hit with an estimated 25 inches of rain, equating to about 87% of its average annual rainfall. At one point, seven inches of rain occurred in less than an hour.

In an effort to alleviate rising waters, authorities breached a nearby dam to release floodwaters on Tuesday, although it’s unclear how much that helped as many dams and rivers in the region have overflowed for days.

Elsewhere in Henan, villages have been cut off by landslides and flooding, killing at least four others and leaving some areas without power for more than 24 hours.

Long Recovery Ahead

The region was finally able to begin recovery efforts Wednesday as conditions have begun to die down.

Despite reduced rainfall, the situation has still proven to be dire, leading President Xi Jinping to issue a statement through state media ordering authorities to give top priority to people’s safety and property.

In total, more than 17,000 firefighters have been mobilized for rescue efforts, as well as local volunteers and other rescue crews from other provinces.

Chinese companies have rushed to donate money to help the affected communities, and so far over $300 million has been donated.

It’s likely that for some time, hundreds of thousands in the region will be left without homes as authorities begin the work of ensuring that buildings are safe to return to.

See what others are saying: (South China Morning Post) (BBC) (The New York Times)

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