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World Reacts to the Tragic Notre Dame Cathedral Fire

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  • The iconic Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris caught fire on Monday.
  • It took nearly 400 firefighters close to five hours to put out the flames.
  • No deaths have been reported, however, one firefighter and two police officers sustained minor injuries.
  • World leaders have expressed solidarity with France and companies have pledged to donate millions of dollars toward reconstruction.

Notre Dame Catches Fire

The historic Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France caught fire on Monday causing severe damage, and destroying parts of the beloved building.

The first fire alarm went off at 6:20 p.m. local time, according to France 24. However, the fire was not discovered until close to 25 minutes later, just after the building had closed to visitors.

No one was killed in the fire, but one of the nearly 400 firefighters who responded sustained injuries, as well as two police officers. It appears that the fire started in the roof or attic. The fire was put out close to five hours after it started.

Right now, the exact cause of the fire is still unknown. Officials currently believe it to be an accident and detected no initial signs of arson. It is unclear if this accident is related to renovations that were happening in Notre Dame, but a possible connection has not been ruled out.

The most severe damage that occurred was to the roof and spire of the over 800-year-old architectural masterpiece. The spire collapsed inward as the fire was ablaze. Much of the roof was also made of lead and wood, which was very dry, making it incredibly prone to quick burning.

Some of the iconic elements of the building survived the fire. The two towers in front are completely intact. Several bronze statuettes had also already been removed as part of the renovations, saving them from any damage.

Iconic Relics Saved from the Flames

The exterior of the cathedral, which has survived wars and revolutions, is a symbol of Paris’ history and culture. However, what sat inside Notre Dame was of equal value. Citizens and leaders gathered together to try to save some of the irreplaceable items inside, in hopes that they wouldn’t be lost in the tragic fire.

Jean-François Martins, Paris’ Deputy Mayor for Tourism and Sports, spoke to CBS This Morning about his role in efforts to gather artifacts.

“We made a human chain,” he told the anchors, “with our friends from the church, from the police, but as well from the city of public service, made a chain, to get, as quick as possible, to get all the relics.”

The artifacts saved include the Tunic of St. Louis, and a thorn crown believed to have been worn by Jesus Christ before his crucifixion. Other artworks that were inside the building at the time will make their way to the Louvre to be protected and restored from smoke damage.

World Leaders Reach Out to France

As the city of Paris and all of France mourns the loss of the iconic monument, the whole world gathered to show support.

French President Emmanuel Macron said, “Like all of my fellow citizens, I am sad to see this part of us burn tonight.”

Other global leaders extended their thoughts as well.

Queen Elizabeth II released a statement saying, “I extend my sincere admiration to the emergency services who have risked their lives to try to save this important national monument.”

Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, called the incident “heartbreaking.”

“Canadians are thinking of our friends in France,” he added.

Pope Francis released a statement, saying, “We wait for the sorrow inflicted by the serious damage to be transformed into hope with reconstruction.”

President Donald Trump also tweeted about the news, calling the fire “horrible to watch.”

His suggestion that waterbombs be used to put out the flames was met with much criticism. Due to the age of the building, whose construction dates back to the 1100s, waterbombs would actually only make matters worse.

A civil defense agency within the Fench government later tweeted, though not in direct response to President Trump, that this method “could lead to the collapse of the entire structure of the cathedral.”


Trump later sent another tweet saying, “God bless the people of France!”

Plans to Reconstruct

President Macron has promised to make the reconstruction of the Cathedrian a priority. On Monday he tweeted that an international effort will be launched for repairs to begin.

“This Notre-Dame Cathedral, we will rebuild it. All together,” he said. “This is part of our French destiny. I am committed to this.”

Others have already pledged significant amounts of money to rebuild the monument. François-Henri Pinault, CEO of Kering, a luxury group that owns famous brands like Gucci and Saint Laurent, announced that his family will be donating 100 million euros to the cause.

This steep donation was later topped by Bernard Arnault, the CEO of LVMH, which is behind fashion brands like Louis Vitton, Marc Jacobs, and Dior. Via the LVMH twitter account, the family announced that they will donate 200 million euros, and called Notre Dame “an integral part of the history of France.”

Other companies like the L’Oréal Group, Apple, and Total, have also pledged to the cause.

The repair could take years, with some experts saying it could take up to a decade. There is also no official estimation on the price it will take to rebuild what was lost.

See what others are saying: (France 24) (Wall Street Journal) (CBS)

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100Mbps Uploads and Downloads Should Be U.S. Standard, Bipartisan Senator Group Says

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Image via Pixabay
  • On Thursday, a bipartisan group of four U.S. senators sent a letter to the heads of the Federal Communications Commission and the Departments of Commerce and Agriculture arguing that the definition of broadband internet should be changed.
  • Since 2015, broadband internet has been defined by the FCC as a minimum of 25Mbps download speed and 3Mbps uploads, but the senators urged the agency to define the new minimum as 100Mbps for both download and upload speeds.
  • Currently, the U.S. ranks 11th in average wired internet speeds, at 170Mbps, however, many rural parts of the country are far below the current 25Mbps download standard. 
  • The senators hope a higher standard will force companies to raise speeds for millions of rural Americans.

Some Americans Left Behind

A bipartisan group of several US senators have come out in support of increasing U.S. broadband internet speeds.

When it comes to broadband speeds, the U.S. ranks 11th in the world. The average consumer has download speeds at about 170Mbps, with uploads speeds often about one-third of that.

While 170Mpbs is more than enough for nearly any activity online, rural Americans often struggle to even get 11Mbps. That speed is barely enough to function online today.

The Federal Communications Commission has attempted to rectify this in some ways. In 2015, for instance, when it set a 25Mbps download and 3Mpbs upload speed as the minimum to be labeled “broadband.” Despite this, many Americans still fall short of that due to various exceptions to the rule.

On Thursday, in an attempt to rectify this situation and increase speeds for Americans across the board, Senators Michael Bennet (D-CO), Angus King (I-ME), Rob Portman (R-OH), and Joe Manchin (D-WV) sent a letter to the heads of the FCC, U.S. Commerce Department, and the Department of Agriculture urging that a 100Mbps download/upload speed be the new standard to be considered “broadband.”

“We strongly urge you to update federal broadband program speed requirements to reflect current and anticipated 21st century uses,” the four Senators wrote.

“In the years ahead, emerging technologies such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence, health IoT, smart grid, 5G, virtual and augmented reality, and tactile telemedicine, will all require broadband networks capable of delivering much faster speeds, lower latency, and higher reliability than those now codified by various federal agencies,” they added.

Overlapping Jurisdiction

The letter was sent to the various agencies because, confusingly, they all have different standards of what broadband internet is, which may explain the discrepancy between speeds for rural and urban/suburban Americans.

The Department of Agriculture claims that 10Mpbs down and 1Mpbs up is enough to be broadband internet. To reiterate, that is barely enough to watch a single YouTube video in 1080p resolution (HD) and do any other activity on the internet.

The issue compounds with multiple users in a household as 11Mpbs (used by most rural Americans) can only account for about two YouTube videos at 1080p resolution being watched at a single time before quality is impacted.

While the FCC hasn’t answered a request to comment, it’s possible that it may consider the proposal in the senators’ letter. Back in 2015, the commission’s acting head, Jessica Rosenworcel, had advocated that the benchmark should be 100Mpbs.

While a new standard may not be agreed upon, the FCC has been making efforts to help rural Americans by distributing billions to internet service providers in an attempt to bring gigabit-broadband speeds to remote areas.

Arguably the most successful venture has been SpaceX’s Starlink platform, which has begun beta-testing with some members of the public and is a drastic difference at between 50Mpbs to 150Mpbs, with low latency.

See what others are saying: (Engadget) (The Verge) (Gizmodo)

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Death Toll in Myanmar Surpasses 50 People as Police Continue To Use Live Ammunition

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  • At least 50 people have died across Myanmar since the start of the coup on Feb. 1, with Wednesday being the single largest loss of life to date after 38 were shot by security forces.
  • Despite the danger, tens of thousands of citizens continue to take to the streets to protest the coup and demand the restoration of democracy in Myanmar.
  • The U.N. Security Council is due to meet Friday to discuss how to deal with the situation in Myanmar in response to calls for a solution from nations and U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

Growing Violence Across Myanmar

Over the weekend, security forces in Myanmar killed 18 anti-coup protesters and wounded at least 30 more. Across the subsequent three days, that number rose considerably.

According to the U.N., at least 38 people were killed on Wednesday alone.; making it the bloodiest day of the coup so far and raising the overall death toll to over 50. Exact number are difficult to find, as the chaos on the ground precludes outlets from confirming accounts of possibly more deaths.

The violence has occurred across the country, with the deaths largely being tied to the use of live ammunition by security forces. The demonstrations, and the response to them, have been widely captured on camera. Some of the most shocking scenes are of police passing a BA-53 (a Burmese Army variant of the HK G3 military rifle) to fire into protesters.

Despite the death, tens of thousands of citizens continue to take to the streets to protest the coup and demand the restoration of democracy in Myanmar. Thursday morning saw thousands in the streets who attended vigils for those slain on Wednesday, an increasingly common ritual for the prior day’s deaths.

Sanctions May Not Work

The United States has tried to get neighboring countries to join it and the European Union in sanctioning the Burmese military, but few Southeast Asian countries wanted to sign on, which gives the Burmese military breathing room as most of its diplomatic and trade relations are with neighboring countries.

At the U.N., Security Council members are due to meet on Friday to discuss calls from countries and U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to stop the coup and the escalating crackdowns against protesters. However, it’s unclear what more they can do. Sanctions against specific military leaders are often ineffective, yet sanctions on the country as a whole would affect the everyday people they’re trying to support.

Other options include direct intervention, but Justine Chambers, Associate Director of the Myanmar Research Center at the Australian National University, pushed back against this, telling The New York Times, “Unfortunately I don’t think the brutality caught on camera is going to change much.”

“I think domestic audiences around the world don’t have much of an appetite for stronger action, i.e. intervention, given the current state of the pandemic and associated economic issues.”

While it’s unclear what more the international community can do, it’s quite likely that violence will continue in Myanmar as citizens try to peacefully restore democracy.

See what others are saying: (AP) (Reuters) (New York Times)

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Saudi Arabia To Require Vaccine for Hajj Pilgrims

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  • Saudi Arabia will require all pilgrims participating in the Hajj this year to be vaccinated against COVID-19, according to local media.
  • The Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca that all Muslims are required to take at least once in their lifetime if they are physically or financially able to.
  • Many believe the inoculation requirement may help allay suspicions over vaccines within certain Muslim communities.
  • Those suspicions have persisted despite Muslim leaders clarifying that there are no theological problems with taking any of the COVID-19 vaccines available.

COVID-19 Vaccines for Pilgrims

Saudi Arabia’s health ministry will only allow people vaccinated against COVID-19 to attend the Hajj this year, according to local outlet Okaz.

The Hajj is a mandatory pilgrimage to Mecca for all Muslims at least once in their lifetime – assuming they are physically and financially able to. However, requiring a vaccine before taking part in the Hajj isn’t a new thing. In fact, Saudi Arabia already has a list of necessary vaccinations for pilgrims.

For a virus that is among the most virulent in recent history and requiring a COVID-19 vaccine makes sense, especially since the Hajj is among the most densely populated events in the world.

In an effort to combat COVID-19, Saudi Arabia has also introduced restrictions over how many pilgrims can come to Mecca for the first time in modern history.

Requiring the COVID-19 vaccine to partake in the Hajj will likely have the added benefit of allaying fears about COVID-19 vaccines in Muslim communities, which account for nearly 2 billion people in the world. While Muslims overall support vaccinations and their religious leaders openly support vaccination efforts, some do doubt vaccines for either political reasons or religious ones.

Changes in Vaccine Hesitancy

Suspicions have arisen due to recent history, notably after Osama bin Laden was located through a vaccine program that acted as a front for the C.I.A. That incident led to a wider-anti vaccine movement in parts of Pakistan that have seen vaccine clinics burned to the ground.

Others are worried over more religious concerns, such as whether the vaccines are Halal, which is roughly the Muslim version of Kosher. To that, most major vaccines say that they are Halal and contain no animal products, such as Pfizer’s, Moderna’s, and AstraZeneca’s,

While other possibly non-Halal vaccines, such as Sinovac’s, have been given the okay from major Islamic authorities, such as Indonesia’ Ulema Council.

The concerns over whether a vaccine is Halal or not may be mute as most imams and Islamic councils have clarified that such dietary restrictions are trumped by the need to save human lives.

While the Health Ministry’s statement is for 2021, it’s possible that the decision will last beyond that based on the pandemic’s progress.

See what other are saying: (Al Jazeera) (The Hill) (Middle East Eye)

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