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World Reacts to the Tragic Notre Dame Cathedral Fire

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  • The iconic Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris caught fire on Monday.
  • It took nearly 400 firefighters close to five hours to put out the flames.
  • No deaths have been reported, however, one firefighter and two police officers sustained minor injuries.
  • World leaders have expressed solidarity with France and companies have pledged to donate millions of dollars toward reconstruction.

Notre Dame Catches Fire

The historic Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France caught fire on Monday causing severe damage, and destroying parts of the beloved building.

The first fire alarm went off at 6:20 p.m. local time, according to France 24. However, the fire was not discovered until close to 25 minutes later, just after the building had closed to visitors.

No one was killed in the fire, but one of the nearly 400 firefighters who responded sustained injuries, as well as two police officers. It appears that the fire started in the roof or attic. The fire was put out close to five hours after it started.

Right now, the exact cause of the fire is still unknown. Officials currently believe it to be an accident and detected no initial signs of arson. It is unclear if this accident is related to renovations that were happening in Notre Dame, but a possible connection has not been ruled out.

The most severe damage that occurred was to the roof and spire of the over 800-year-old architectural masterpiece. The spire collapsed inward as the fire was ablaze. Much of the roof was also made of lead and wood, which was very dry, making it incredibly prone to quick burning.

Some of the iconic elements of the building survived the fire. The two towers in front are completely intact. Several bronze statuettes had also already been removed as part of the renovations, saving them from any damage.

Iconic Relics Saved from the Flames

The exterior of the cathedral, which has survived wars and revolutions, is a symbol of Paris’ history and culture. However, what sat inside Notre Dame was of equal value. Citizens and leaders gathered together to try to save some of the irreplaceable items inside, in hopes that they wouldn’t be lost in the tragic fire.

Jean-François Martins, Paris’ Deputy Mayor for Tourism and Sports, spoke to CBS This Morning about his role in efforts to gather artifacts.

“We made a human chain,” he told the anchors, “with our friends from the church, from the police, but as well from the city of public service, made a chain, to get, as quick as possible, to get all the relics.”

The artifacts saved include the Tunic of St. Louis, and a thorn crown believed to have been worn by Jesus Christ before his crucifixion. Other artworks that were inside the building at the time will make their way to the Louvre to be protected and restored from smoke damage.

World Leaders Reach Out to France

As the city of Paris and all of France mourns the loss of the iconic monument, the whole world gathered to show support.

French President Emmanuel Macron said, “Like all of my fellow citizens, I am sad to see this part of us burn tonight.”

Other global leaders extended their thoughts as well.

Queen Elizabeth II released a statement saying, “I extend my sincere admiration to the emergency services who have risked their lives to try to save this important national monument.”

Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, called the incident “heartbreaking.”

“Canadians are thinking of our friends in France,” he added.

Pope Francis released a statement, saying, “We wait for the sorrow inflicted by the serious damage to be transformed into hope with reconstruction.”

President Donald Trump also tweeted about the news, calling the fire “horrible to watch.”

His suggestion that waterbombs be used to put out the flames was met with much criticism. Due to the age of the building, whose construction dates back to the 1100s, waterbombs would actually only make matters worse.

A civil defense agency within the Fench government later tweeted, though not in direct response to President Trump, that this method “could lead to the collapse of the entire structure of the cathedral.”


Trump later sent another tweet saying, “God bless the people of France!”

Plans to Reconstruct

President Macron has promised to make the reconstruction of the Cathedrian a priority. On Monday he tweeted that an international effort will be launched for repairs to begin.

“This Notre-Dame Cathedral, we will rebuild it. All together,” he said. “This is part of our French destiny. I am committed to this.”

Others have already pledged significant amounts of money to rebuild the monument. François-Henri Pinault, CEO of Kering, a luxury group that owns famous brands like Gucci and Saint Laurent, announced that his family will be donating 100 million euros to the cause.

This steep donation was later topped by Bernard Arnault, the CEO of LVMH, which is behind fashion brands like Louis Vitton, Marc Jacobs, and Dior. Via the LVMH twitter account, the family announced that they will donate 200 million euros, and called Notre Dame “an integral part of the history of France.”

Other companies like the L’Oréal Group, Apple, and Total, have also pledged to the cause.

The repair could take years, with some experts saying it could take up to a decade. There is also no official estimation on the price it will take to rebuild what was lost.

See what others are saying: (France 24) (Wall Street Journal) (CBS)

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Brazil’s Secretary of Culture Fired Over Speech Reminiscent of Nazi Rhetoric

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  • Brazil’s Secretary of Culture Roberto Alvim was fired on Friday after he appeared to paraphrase Nazi propaganda in his announcement of a national arts initiative.  
  • Several of Alvim’s sentences were strikingly similar to those of Joseph Goebbels, who served as the Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany.
  • Additionally, the music playing in the background of Alvim’s address was from an opera that Adolf Hitler found imperative in his life. 
  • After much backlash and call for the culture secretary’s termination, President Jair Bolsonaro announced that he dismissed Alvim from his position.

Controversial Address

Brazil’s Secretary of Culture was terminated from his role on Friday after an official video was released of him seeming to paraphrase Nazi propaganda remarks. 

Roberto Alvim, who was appointed to his position by Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, announced a new initiative for increased funds dedicated to national art awards. In the 6-minute video, which has now been deleted from all Brazilian government official pages, Alvim was seen sitting at a desk beneath a portrait of Bolsonaro, a wooden cross to his side.

“The Brazilian art of the next decade will be heroic and national,” he said to the camera in Portuguese. “It will be endowed with great capacity for emotional involvement, and it will also be imperative since it will be profoundly connected to the urgent aspirations of our people — or it will be nothing.”  

Parts of Alvim’s phrasing was almost identical to those of Joseph Goebbels, who served as the Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany. The similarities can be seen in a speech of Goebbels’, quoted in a biography by historian Peter Longerich.

“German art of the next decade will be heroic, steely but romantic, factual without sentimentality,” Goebbels said in 1933. “It will be nationalistic, with great depth of feeling; it will be binding and it will unite, or it will cease to exist.”  

The music playing in the background of Alvim’s address was also noteworthy. It came from Richard Wagner’s opera “Lohengrin,” which Adolf Hitler described in his autobiography, Mein Kampf, as being decisive in his life.

Reactions to Alvim’s Speech  

It wasn’t long before people began to notice the likeness of Alvim’s rhetoric with the Nazi propaganda, and individuals across the political spectrum expressed outrage. Some — including prominent Brazillian politicians — publicly called for Alvim’s immediate professional termination. 

Alvim first defended his speech in a Facebook post, saying, “what the left is doing is a remote association fallacy.” He called his controversial sentences a “rhetorical coincidence.” 

But a few hours later, Alvim softened his defensive stance with an apology to the Jewish community. In another post, he claimed that the speech was brought to him by advisors who pulled various ideas tied to national art and that he had no idea of the fascist origin of those few lines. Alvim called the criticized phrases an “involuntary mistake” and said he was sorry from the bottom of his heart.

President Jair Bolsonaro announced on his official Twitter page that he had dismissed Alvim from his position on Friday. Bolsonaro wrote that despite Alvim’s apology, his remarks made his tenure “unsustainable.” 

The Brazilian leader emphasized his “rejection of totalitarian and genocidal ideologies” and expressed full support for the Jewish community. 

See what others are saying: (New York Times) (BBC) (Washington Post)

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Pope Francis Names First Woman to Senior Vatican Diplomatic Role

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  • Pope Francis appointed a woman to a management role in the Vatican’s most powerful department for the first time on Wednesday.
  • Dr. Francesca Di Giovanni, a Vatican official of 27 years, will now serve as the undersecretary for multilateral affairs in the Secretariat of State. 
  • Among other duties, Di Giovanni will oversee the coordination of the Vatican’s relationships with multilateral organizations, including the United Nations. 
  • While several other women hold high-ranking positions in the city-state, Di Giovanni’s leadership role in the Vatican’s most powerful branch is unparalleled. 

Appointment of Di Giovanni

Pope Francis made an unprecedented move on Wednesday by appointing a woman for the first time to a managerial position in the Secretariat of State, the most powerful department of the Vatican.

Dr. Francesca Di Giovanni, an Italian lawyer and Vatican official of 27 years, was named the undersecretary for multilateral affairs in the Secretariat of State. Among other responsibilities, Di Giovanni will oversee a division that coordinates the Vatican’s relations with multilateral organizations, including the United Nations.  

“The Holy Father has made an unprecedented decision, certainly, which, beyond myself personally, represents an indication of an attention towards women,” Di Giovanni told the Vatican’s in-house media

“But the responsibility is connected to the job, rather than to the fact of being a woman,” she added.

Milestone for Women in Catholic Church

Several women hold leadership positions in other Vatican offices, but the Secretariat of State is the most powerful branch, making Di Giovanni’s career shift extra significant. 

Pope Francis’ appointment of Di Giovanni is the latest development in his ongoing open support of women having more say in the Roman Catholic Church. Currently, women cannot be ordained as priests and the Church’s leadership is almost entirely male-dominated.

On New Year’s Day, the pope expressed praise for womankind. 

“Women are givers and mediators of peace and should be fully included in decision-making processes,” Pope Francis said. “Because when women can share their gifts, the world finds itself more united, more peaceful. Hence, every step forward for women is a step forward for humanity as a whole.”

Di Giovanni referenced these words in her interview with the Vatican News calling them the pope’s “tribute” to the role of women.

“A woman may have certain aptitudes for finding commonalities, healing relationships with unity at heart,” Di Giovanni said. “I hope that my being a woman might reflect itself positively in this task, even if they are gifts that I certainly find in my male colleagues as well.”  

See what others are saying: (Vatican News) (NPR) (BBC)

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Protests Erupt in Iran After Military Admits to Shooting Down Plane

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  • Protests broke out across Iran over the weekend after the military admitted that it shot down a Ukrainian airline’s passenger jet, killing 176 people when mistaking it for a hostile aircraft.
  • Officials originally said there was no evidence of the plane being struck down by one of their missiles but ultimately admitted fault three days later.
  • Protesters are demanding leaders be held accountable. 
  • There are reports of tear gas and gunfire being used against demonstrators, but Tehran’s head of police has denied claims of shots being fired.

Backlash from the Plane Strike

Monday marked the third straight day of Iranian protests since Iran’s military admitted it shot down a passenger jet last week, mistaking it for a threat and killing all 176 people on board. 

Videos emerged on Sunday of protesters running from tear gas and in others, which could not be immediately verified, gunfire could be heard.

It has been a tumultuous couple of weeks for Iranians—last week, hundreds of thousands were rallying in the streets to publicly mourn Maj. Gen. Qassem Soleimani, Iran’s Quds Force commander who was killed by a U.S. drone strike on Jan. 3.

During those rallies, cries of hate against the United States and Donald Trump—who ordered the strike— were heard. This week there is a sharp contrast, as protesters seem to be targeting the Iranian government and military.

According to The Washington Post, demonstrators were filmed late on Sunday in at least two locations ripping down posters of Soleimani. In Iran’s capital, Tehran, a billboard mourning the victims of the plane crash replaced one of the deceased military leader.

In retaliation for Soleimani’s death, Iran fired missiles at an Iraqi military base that houses American troops on Wednesday. The plane was shot down by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps just hours later after taking off from Tehran. 

After maintaining for days that there was no evidence the aircraft was struck down by one of their missiles, Iran admitted that its military had shot down the jet by mistake.

The military initially claimed in a statement that the plane took an unexpected turn that brought it close to a sensitive military base, but an Iranian official later backtracked on that notion. 

“The plane was flying in its normal direction without any error and everybody was doing their job correctly,” Gen. Amir Ali Hajizadeh, commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps’ airspace unit, said on Saturday. “If there was a mistake, it was made by one of our members.”

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called the incident an “unforgivable mistake” and said that investigations are continuing to “identify and prosecute this great tragedy.”  

A mix of individuals from multiple countries was onboard the aircraft, including dozens of Canadians. Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the incident “a national tragedy” and publicly called for further investigation.

“I want to assure all families and all Canadians: We will not rest until there are answers,” he said at a memorial event on Sunday.

Escalating Protests

Protesters are demanding that leaders be held responsible for the fatal mistake. Iran’s semi-official Fars News Agency reported that up to 1,000 people were protesting at various points in the capital city. Some videos posted to social media show crowds demanding the resignation of Ayatollah Khamenei, the country’s supreme leader.

One of the scenes of protest was the Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, which said that 13 of its students and alumni were killed in the plane crash. Iranian security forces stepped in and escalated the demonstration.

They “started dragging people away. They took a number of people and put them in cages in police vans,” said 35-year-old Soudabeh told The Washington Post, keeping her full name anonymous.

“At one point, the protesters freed one of the men who was detained. I saw his face and it was covered in blood — his family carried him away,” she told the news outlet.

Iran’s security forces have a history of taking extreme action to contain protesters. In November, after protests broke out in response to the spike in Iran’s gas prices, about 1,500 demonstrators were killed by security forces, according to the Trump administration. 

Iranian media quoted Brig. Gen. Hossein Rahimi as saying “Police treated people who had gathered with patience and tolerance,” according to reports by the Associated Press. 

Rahimi denied claims that police were shooting at protesters and said that tear gas was only being used in certain areas.

See what others are saying: (The New York Times) (BBC) (CNN)

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